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53


Conjunctions



Conjunctions Defined
Conjunctions are grammatical connectors that link words, phrases or clauses. A conjunction can
indicate the relationship between the elements that it connects in the sentence. Without these,
we would not see the relationship. There are three types of conjunctions: coordinating,
correlative, and subordinating.


Coordinating Conjunctions
A coordinating conjunction connects words, phrases, and clauses that have equal, or the same
grammatical functions: two nouns, verbs, adjectives, prepositional phrases, adverb clauses, etc.
The coordinating conjunctions include: and, but, or, yet, nor, for, and so.

Examples:
Connecting nouns: I will buy a coat and a hat.
Connecting verbs: I did not call nor write my mother.
Connecting adjectives: The boy was nice but weird.
Connecting dependent clauses: If the students show and the teacher is prepared, class will be
productive.
Connecting independent clauses: Ten thousand students applied to the college, but only six
thousand were admitted.


Correlative Conjunctions
A correlative conjunction is a coordinating conjunction that works in pairs to connect elements in a
sentence. The correlative conjunctions include: both...and, not...but, not only...but also, either...or,
neither...nor, although...yet, whether...or.

Examples:
Connecting nouns: The name of the store is not Food World but Food Land.
Connecting adjectives: The place of employment shall provide both health and life insurance.
Connecting prepositional phrases: Orange juice is made either by squeezing oranges or by mixing a
can of frozen concentrate.
Connecting independent clauses: Not only did the cat jump over the fence, but he also scratched
the paint.


Subordinating Conjunctions
A subordinating conjunction connects elements with different grammatical functions, usually a
dependent and an independent clause. The subordinating conjunctions include: after, in case,
unless, although, in that, until, as, now that, when, as if, once, whenever, as though, since, where,
because, so, whereas, before, so that, whether, even though, than, which, except that, that, while,
however, though, who/whom, if.

Examples:
He acts as though he is has done something wrong.

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