Download Grammar and Language Workbook: Grade 9 PDF

TitleGrammar and Language Workbook: Grade 9
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LanguageEnglish
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Document Text Contents
Page 1

GLENCOE LANGUAGE ARTS

Grammar
and Language

Workbook
GRADE 9

Page 2

*MGH-Endorsement (B)


Copyright © by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Except as permitted under the United States
Copyright Act of 1976, no part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or means, or stored in
a database or retrieval system, without the prior written permission of the publisher.

Send all inquiries to:
Glencoe/McGraw-Hill
936 Eastwind Drive
Westerville, Ohio 43081

ISBN 0-02-818294-4

Printed in the United States of America

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 024 03 02 01 00 99

Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

Page 176

Name ___________________________________________________ Class _________ Date ____________________

172 Grammar and Language Workbook, Grade 9

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13. Neither the dogs nor the cat [ likes too much sun. (likes, like)

14. Every earring, necklace, and bracelet [ was sold at the fund-raiser. (was sold,

were sold)

15. Each geranium and lily [ is blooming. (is, are)

16. Many a horse and cow [ has lived in this barn. (has lived, have lived)

17. Both my arms and legs [ ache after a long climb. (aches, ache)

18. The producer and director [ disagree over the script. (disagrees, disagree)

19. Ham and eggs [ is offered for breakfast at that restaurant. (is offered, are offered)

20. Either the coach or the players [ have to answer the letter. (has, have)

21. Neither the jacket nor the shoes [ fit . (fits, fit)

22. Lox and bagels [ is Jacob’s favorite snack. (is, are)

23. Many a spy and traitor [ was caught by the detective. (was caught, were caught)

24. Either the washer or the drier [ is running . (is running, are running)

25. Both Jesse and Malachi [ are honor students. (is, are)

26. Each video and CD [ is half price. (is, are)

27. Every surfboard and sailboat [ is rented . (is rented, are rented)

28. Many a captain and first mate [ has swerved to avoid that wreck. (has swerved,

have swerved)

29. Neither the cat nor her kittens [ are sleeping . (is sleeping, are sleeping)

30. Each chair, desk, and table [ is covered with books. (is covered, are covered)

31. Neither the chairs nor the table [ fits in the truck. (fits, fit)

32. Both Rhoda and Pallas [ score well on spelling tests. (scores, score)

33. Oil and vinegar [ makes a good salad dressing. (makes, make)

34. Neither the horses nor the cow [ is restless. (is, are)

35. Neither the hurricane nor the tornadoes [ are expected to hit here. (is expected,

are expected)

36. Many a plaintiff and defendant [ has passed through these doors. (has passed,

have passed)

37. Each cap and gown [ is reserved . (is reserved, are reserved)

38. Both soccer and softball [ are favorites of mine. (is, are)

Page 177

Lesson 50

Subject-Verb Agreement and Intervening Expressions

Certain expressions seem to create a compound subject but do not. Accompanied by, as
well as, in addition to, plus, and together with are expressions that introduce phrases that
tell about the subject. However, the subject remains singular and takes a singular verb.

The President, as well as the Cabinet, is expected tonight.
The mayor, accompanied by her staff, eats lunch in the cafeteria.

� Exercise 1 Draw a line under the subject. Then write in the blank the form of the verb in
parentheses that agrees with the subject. Use the present tense of the verb.

Joe, as well as his brothers, [ delivers papers in the morning. (deliver)

1. Folk, in addition to rock, [ is my favorite music. (be)

2. Weight lifting, as well as wrestling, [ takes strength. (take)

3. Jupiter, plus Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune, [ is a gas planet. (be)

4. The truck, as well as a car and a bus, [ is involved in the wreck. (be)

5. The players, plus the coach and manager, [ travel by bus. (travel)

6. A hoe, in addition to a rake and a ladder, [ is missing from the garage. (be)

7. The singer, accompanied by her bodyguards, [ arrives tonight. (arrive)

8. The doctor, together with a large staff, [ treats many patients. (treat)

9. A plane, in addition to a service truck, [ sits on the runway. (sit)

10. Nancy, plus her parents and grandparents, [ goes to Florida for the holidays. (go)

11. My bicycle, as well as my skates, [ needs repair. (need)

12. The toolshed, together with the garage and the greenhouse, [ sits near the stream. (sit)

13. The bank, as well as the arcade, [ opens tomorrow. (open)

14. The VCR, plus the compact-disc player, [ makes a good holiday gift. (make)

15. The watermelon, as well as the cantaloupe, [ is ripe. (be)

16. Dan, in addition to his friends, [ seems depressed. (seem)

17. The Big Dipper, accompanied by the Little Dipper, [ circles the polestar. (circle)

18. The city, as well as the suburbs, [ votes today. (vote)

19. The bike, plus the skates and the skis, [ belongs to Oona. (belong)

20. Cereal, together with fruit and milk, [ provides a good breakfast. (provide)

Unit 7, Subject-Verb Agreement 173

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Name ___________________________________________________ Class _________ Date ____________________

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misplaced or dangling, 10, 38–39,

209
Moods of verbs, 4

N
Negative words as adverbs, 10, 63
Negatives, double, avoiding, 10, 207
Neither, with compound subjects, 5,

79
Nominative case, pronouns, 2, 8–9,

181, 183, 185
Nor, with compound subjects, 5, 79
Noun clauses, 7, 115
Nouns, defined, 2, 47, 49–50

abstract, 2, 50
as appositives, 6, 94
collective, 2, 47
common and proper, 2, 49
concrete, 2, 50
as direct objects, 83
as gerunds, 7, 93
as indirect objects, 84
as infinitives, 7, 95
as objects of prepositions, 6, 69
plurals, 2, 47
possessive, 2, 277
proper, 2, 13–14, 49, 237
singular, 2, 47
as subjects, simple and

compound, 75, 79
Number, amount, 221
Numbers and Numerals, 16, 17, 283

and hyphens, 16, 17, 279

O
Object complements, 5–6, 86
Objective case, pronouns, 2, 9, 181,

183, 185
Objects of prepositions, defined, 6,

69, 89
Of, misused for have, 12, 222, 224
Only, placement of, 10, 38, 209
Outlines, writing, 19, 321

P
Paragraphs, building, 18, 327

chronological order, 18, 327
compare/contrast order, 18, 327
spatial order, 18, 327

Paragraphs, ordering, 18, 331
coherence, 18, 331
unity, 18, 331

Parentheses, 15, 269
punctuation with, 15, 269

Participial phrases, defined, 7, 91
comma after, 42, 91

Participles, defined, 7, 91
Passed, past, 13, 226

Passive voice, 4, 155, 323
Past, passed, 13, 226
Periods, rules, 14, 245
Personal letters, 19–20, 333
Personal pronouns, defined, 2, 51,

181
cases, 2, 8–9, 181, 183
first person, 2, 51
intensive, 2, 51
list, 2, 51, 181
nominative, 2, 8–9, 181, 183, 185
objective, 2, 9, 181, 183, 185
possessive, 2, 9, 41, 51, 61, 181
reflexive, 2, 9, 51
second person, 2, 51
third person, 2, 51

Phrases, defined, 6–7, 89, 91,
93–95, 97
See also Appositive phrases,
Gerund phrases, Infinitive
phrases, Participial phrases,
Prepositional phrases, Verbal
phrases

Plural nouns, 2, 47
Plurals, spelling of, 18, 300
Positive form, modifiers, 9–10, 67,

199, 201
Possessive apostrophes, 16, 40–41,

277
Possessive case, pronouns, 2, 9, 51,

61, 181
Possessive nouns, 2, 16, 61, 277
Precede, proceed, 13, 226
Predicate adjective, 6, 85
Predicate nominative, defined, 6, 85
Predicates

complete, 6, 77
compound, 6, 80
simple, 6, 75

Prefixes, 17, 295
and hyphens, 16, 279

Prepositional phrases, defined, 6,
69, 89
as adjectives, 6, 89
as adverbs, 6, 89
object of the preposition, 6, 89

Prepositions, defined, 5, 69
compound, 5, 69
list, 5, 69

Presentation, of writing, 18, 319
Prewriting, 18, 307

choosing a topic, 18, 307
determining the audience, 18,
307
determining the purpose, 18, 307

Principal parts of verbs, 3–4, 141,
143

Proceed, precede, 13, 226

Progressive verbs, defined, 4, 151
Pronouns, defined, 2, 51, 181

after than and as, 183
agreement with, 9, 30–34, 187,

189, 191
antecedents of, 3, 9, 30–33, 187,

189, 191, 193
as appositives, 6, 94, 183
cases of, 2, 8–9, 181, 183
demonstrative, 2, 53
gender of, 30, 187
indefinite, 2, 53, 175
intensive, 2, 51
interrogative, 2, 53
number of, 30–31, 187
personal, 2, 51, 181
possessive, 2, 9, 51, 181
reflexive, 2, 9, 51
relative, 2, 53
who, whom, 2, 13, 185

Proofreading, 317
Proper adjectives, 5, 14, 61, 239
Proper nouns, 2, 13–14, 49, 237
Punctuation rules. See specific

types.

Q
Question marks, 14, 121, 245

and quotation marks, 16, 273
Quotation marks, 15–16, 271, 273

with colons or semicolons, 16,
273

in direct quotations, 15–16, 271
in indirect quotations, 235, 271
within a quotation, 15, 271
with titles of short works, 15, 273
with unusual expressions, 15, 273

Quotations, capitalizing, 15, 235

R
Raise, rise, 13, 226
Reason is because,avoiding, 13, 226
Reflexive pronouns, 2, 9, 51
Regardless, not irregardless, 12, 224
Regular verbs, 3–4, 141
Relative pronouns, 2, 53
Respectfully, respectively, 13, 227
Résumés, 20, 339
Revising, 18, 315

coherence, 18, 315
meaning, 315
unity, 18, 315

Rise, raise, 13, 226
Roots of words, 17, 293
Run-on sentences, defined, 24–25,

125

Index 347

Page 352

S
Said, says, 13, 227
Scarcely, in double negatives, 11,

222
Semiblock form of letters, 19, 337
Semicolons, 14–15, 16, 249, 273

to correct run-on sentences,
24–25, 125

Sentence fragments, 22–23, 123
Sentence patterns, explained, 5–6,

8, 81, 167
Sentence structure

complex, 7, 105
compound, 7, 103
compound-complex, 7, 105
simple, 7, 103

Sentences, effective, 323
active voice, 155, 323
interruption, 323
parallelism, 323
unusual patterns, 323
varied length, 18, 323
varied structure, 18, 323

Sentences, kinds of
declarative, 8, 119
exclamatory, 8, 121
imperative, 8, 119
interrogative, 8, 121

Sentences, run-on, 24–25, 125
Series, commas in, 15, 44, 253

colon before, 247
Set, sit, 13, 227
Simple predicates, defined, 6, 75
Simple sentences, defined, 7, 103
Simple subjects, defined, 5, 75
Singular nouns, 2, 47
Sit, set, 13, 227
Spatial order, 18, 327
Spelling

adding -ly and -ness, 18, 299
doubling the final consonant, 18,

299
forming compound words, 16,

18, 279, 299
of -cede, -ceed, and -sede, 17,

297
of ie and ei, 17, 297
of plural nouns, 18, 300
of suffixes, 17, 18, 298
of unstressed vowels, 297

Subject complements, 6, 85
Subject-verb agreement, 8, 26–29,

161, 163, 165, 167, 169, 171, 173,
175

in adjective clauses, 8
and collective nouns, 27, 169

and compound subjects, 8,
28–29, 171

and indefinite pronouns, 8, 29,
175

and intervening expressions, 8,
29, 173

and intervening prepositional
phrases, 8, 26, 163

in inverted sentences, 8, 26–27,
167

and linking verbs, 26, 165, 167,
169

and predicate nominatives, 26,
165

and special subjects, 8, 169
with titles, 8

Subjects
agreement of verb with, 8, 26–29,

161, 163, 165, 167, 169, 171,
173, 175

complete, 6, 77
compound, 5, 79, 103, 171
gerunds and infinitives as, 7, 93,

97
noun clauses as, 7, 115
simple, 5, 75

Subjunctive mood, verbs, 4
Subordinate (dependent) clauses, 7,

101, 259
Subordinating conjunctions, 5, 71,

101
Suffixes, 17, 18, 295, 297, 298
Superlative form, 9–10, 67, 199, 201

T
Take, bring, 11, 222
Teach, learn, 12, 225
Tenses, defined, 3, 145

future, 3, 145
future perfect, 3, 147
incorrect, 36–37
past, 3, 145
past perfect, 3, 147
present, 3, 145
present perfect, 3, 147
shifts in, avoiding, 35, 153

Than, then, 13, 227
That there, this here, avoiding, 13,

227
Theme, writing, 18, 311
Then, than, 13, 227
Thesis statement, writing, 18, 311
This here, that there, avoiding, 13,

227
This kind, these kinds, 225
Topic sentences, 311, 323, 331
Transitive verbs, defined, 3, 55

U
Understood subject, 119

V
Verb phrases, defined, 3, 6, 59
Verbal phrases, 7, 93, 97
Verbals, defined, 7, 93, 95, 97

See also Gerunds, Infinitives,
Participles

Verbs, defined, 3, 55
action verbs, 3, 55

intransitive, 3, 55
transitive, 3, 55

agreement with subjects, rules, 8
26–29, 161, 163, 165, 167,
169, 171, 173, 175

auxiliary (helping), 3, 59
emphatic, 4, 152
intransitive, 3, 55
irregular, regular, 3–4, 141, 143
linking, 3, 57
list, 3–4, 59, 141, 143
moods of, 4
principal parts of irregular, 3–4,

143
principal parts of regular, 141
progressive, 4, 151
tenses of, 3, 35–37, 145, 147,

149, 151–152
compatibility, 153
shifts in, avoiding, 35
See also Tenses

transitive, 3, 55
voice of, active and passive, 4,

155, 323
Vocabulary building, 17–18, 291,

293, 295
from context, 17, 291
prefixes and suffixes, 17–18, 295
word roots, base words, 17, 293

Voice of verbs, defined, 4, 155, 323
active, 4, 155, 323
effective use of, 155, 323
passive, 4, 155, 323

W
Well, good, 12, 205, 224
Where at, avoiding, 227
Who, whom, 13, 185
Writing process. See specific steps.
Writing letters, 19–20, 333, 335,

337–339, 342
Writing paragraphs, 18, 327

Y
You, as understood subject, 119

348 Grammar and Language Workbook, Grade 9

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