Download Getting Started with Ubuntu 16.04 PDF

TitleGetting Started with Ubuntu 16.04
File Size6.6 MB
Total Pages141
Table of Contents
                            Title page
	Ubuntu Philosophy
	A brief history of Ubuntu
	Is Ubuntu right for you?
	Contact details
	About the team
	Conventions used in this book
	Getting Ubuntu
	Trying out Ubuntu
	Installing Ubuntu—Getting started
	Finishing Installation
The Ubuntu Desktop
	Understanding the Ubuntu desktop
	The Launcher
	The Dash
	Managing windows
	Unity's keyboard shortcuts
	Browsing files on your computer
	Files file manager
	Searching for files and folders on your computer
	Customizing your desktop
	Session options
	Getting help
Working with Ubuntu
	All the applications you need
	Getting online
	Browsing the web
	Reading and composing email
	Using instant messaging
	Viewing and editing photos
	Watching videos and movies
	Listening to audio and music
	Burning CDs and DVDs
	Working with documents, spreadsheets, and presentations
	Using your devices
	Hardware identification
	Connecting and using your printer
	Using a webcam
	Scanning text and images
	Keyboard and mouse
	Other devices
Software Management
	Software management in Ubuntu
	Using Software Center
	Managing additional software
	Manual software installation
	Updates and upgrades
Advanced Topics
	Ubuntu for advanced users
	Introduction to the terminal
	Ubuntu file system structure
	Securing Ubuntu
	Why Ubuntu is safe
	Basic security concepts
	Users and groups
	System updates
	Running Windows Programs on Ubuntu
	Resolving problems
	Troubleshooting guide
	Getting more help
Learning More
	What else can I do with Ubuntu?
	Open source software
	Distribution families
	Choosing amongst Ubuntu and its derivatives
	Finding additional help and support
	The Ubuntu community
	Creative Commons Attribution–ShareAlike 3.0 Legal Code
	Creative Commons Notice
Document Text Contents
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68 getting started with ubuntu 16.04

Sharing your photos

You can easily share your photos on the web using Shotwell Photo Man-
agers’s Publish feature. Select the photos you want to share, then go to the
top menu and click File ‣ Publish. A new window will appear asking where
the photos are to be published. Choose Facebook, Flickr, or Picasa Web Al-
bums in the upper right-hand drop-down menu. Some services may require
you to authorize Shotwell Photo Manager before allowing the application to
publish photos. Follow the instructions in the window, select your desired
options, and click Publish to upload your images to the web.

Further information

We’ve only just touched on the features of Shotwell Photo Manager. To
get more help, select Help ‣Contents. This will load the online manual,
where you can get more detailed instructions on how to use Shotwell Photo
Manager effectively.

Watching videos and movies

To watch videos and dvds in Ubuntu, you can use the Videos application.
To start Videos, click on the Dash, then search for “Videos” and select it.
This will open the “Videos” window.

Figure 3.23: The “Videos” (commonly called
“Totem”) application plays videos as well as


Watching most commercial dvds and some video files may require you DRM, or Digital Restrictions Management, is the
practice of imposing technological restrictions
that control what users can do with digital
media. When a program is designed to prevent
you from copying or sharing a song, reading an
ebook on another device, or playing a single-
player game without an Internet connection,
you are being restricted by DRM.

to install additional software. You will need “codecs” for Ubuntu to de-
code proprietary music and video files as well as for music and video files
encumbered by drm. You will need “unscrambling software” to access com-
mercial dvds encrypted by drm.

Legal Notice: Patent and copyright laws differ depending on which country you
are in. Please obtain legal advice if you are unsure whether a particular patent or
restriction applies to a media format you wish to use in your country.

To install these additional codecs, open the Terminal either through
the Dash or the Launcher. When the “Terminal” window opens, use apt to
install the following packages via sudo apt install:

‣ ubuntu-restricted-extras

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working with ubuntu 69

‣ libdvdread4
‣ libdvdnav4

Double-click each item above and then click the Install button. This
may open an “Authenticate” window. If so, enter your administrative pass-
word, then click Authenticate to start the installation process. The ubuntu-
restricted-extras meta-package includes most if not all restricted codecs as
well as the Adobe Flash Player npapi plugin and Microsoft corefonts.

Playing videos from file

Open the Movie menu in the Videos application, then select Open Local
Video… or Open Web Video… which will open the “Add Videos” or “Add
Web Video” window, respectively. Find the file or files that you want to play
and click on the Add button. The video or videos will now be available for
viewing in the Videos tab, along with any other videos already located in an
indexed folder such as your Videos folder in your user home directory.

Playing a DVD

When you insert a dvd in the computer, Ubuntu should open the “You have
just inserted a Video dvd. Choose what application to launch.” window.
Make sure that Videos is chosen in the drop-down list and then click OK.
The “Movie Player” window will open and the movie will begin. You can
also choose to always perform the action you just specified when another
Video dvd is inserted.

If the “Videos” window is already open, then open the Videos tab, and
select the dvd title that should now appear in the list as a tile.

Listening to audio and music

Ubuntu comes with the Rhythmbox Music Player for listening to your mu-
sic, streaming Internet radio and managing playlists and podcasts. Rhythm-
box (Figure 3.24) can also help you find and purchase music, along with
managing subscriptions to your favorite rss feeds.

Starting Rhythmbox

There are several ways to start Rhythmbox.

‣ Open the Dash, type Rhythmbox or Music and click on the Rhythmbox
Music Player icon.

‣ Ubuntu comes with an indicator menu in the top bar for sound-related
applications and devices ( ). After you’ve opened Rhythmbox the first
time, a link to start Rhythmbox and basic controls will be placed under
this indicator.

If you close Rhythmbox by pressing Alt+F4, or CTRL+W, or clicking the
red close button ( ), it will disappear from view but continue to play in the
background. You can still control music playback or reopen the application
from the sound indicator ( ), as shown in Figure 3.25.

Playing music

To play music, you can either double-click on your music file or, alterna-
tively, import your music into your library. To do the latter, choose File ‣

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This book was typeset with XƎLATEX.

The book design is based on the Tufte-LATEX document classes available at http://

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and designed by Dalton Maag. It is freely available for download at http://font.

The terminal text and keystrokes are set in DejaVu Sans Mono (available at http://, originally developed by Bitstream, Inc. as Bitstream Vera.

The cover and title page pictograms contain shapes taken from the Humanity icon
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The title page and cover were designed using Inkscape, available at http://inkscape.

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