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TitleGeography (Mains) Previous 33 Years Question Papers [1979-2011] by (Www.mrunal.org) for UPSC IAS IPS Exam
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Table of Contents
                            Stupid Index
Geography 1979
GEOGRAPHY 1980
GEOGRAPHY 1981
GEOGRAPHY 1982
GEOGRAPHY 1983
GEOGRAPHY 1984
GEOGRAPHY 1985
GEOGRAPHY 1986
GEOGRAPHY 1987
GEOGRAPHY 1988
GEOGRAPHY 1989
GEOGRAPHY 1990
GEOGRAPHY 1991
GEOGRAPHY 1992
GEOGRAPHY 1993
GEOGRAPHY 1994
GEOGRAPHY 1995
GEOGRAPHY 1996
GEOGRAPHY 1997
GEOGRAPHY 1998
GEOGRAPHY 1999
GEOGRAPHY 2000
GEOGRAPHY 2001
GEOGRAPHY 2002
GEOGRAPHY 2003
GEOGRAPHY 2004
GEOGRAPHY 2005
GEOGRAPHY 2006
GEOGRAPHY 2007
Geography 2008
	Paper 2
Geography 2009
	Paper I SECTION – A
	Paper II Section A
Geography 2010
	paper 1
	paper 2
Geography 2011
	Paper-II
                        
Document Text Contents
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Geography (Mains) UPSC
Last 33 years papers [1979-2011]

By
Mrunal.org

Stupid Index
Geography 1979 ...................................................................................................................................................................... 1
Geography 1980 ...................................................................................................................................................................... 3
Geography 1981 ...................................................................................................................................................................... 5
Geography 1982 ...................................................................................................................................................................... 6
Geography 1983 ...................................................................................................................................................................... 8
Geography 1984 ...................................................................................................................................................................... 9
Geography 1985 ................................................................................................................................................................... 11
Geography 1986 ................................................................................................................................................................... 12
Geography 1987 ................................................................................................................................................................... 14
Geography 1988 ................................................................................................................................................................... 15
Geography 1989 ................................................................................................................................................................... 17
Geography 1990 ................................................................................................................................................................... 18
Geography 1991 ................................................................................................................................................................... 20
Geography 1992 ................................................................................................................................................................... 21
Geography 1993 ................................................................................................................................................................... 23
Geography 1994 ................................................................................................................................................................... 24
Geography 1995 ................................................................................................................................................................... 26
Geography 1996 ................................................................................................................................................................... 27
Geography 1997 ................................................................................................................................................................... 29
Geography 1998 ................................................................................................................................................................... 30
Geography 1999 ................................................................................................................................................................... 32
Geography 2000 ................................................................................................................................................................... 33
Geography 2001 ................................................................................................................................................................... 34
Geography 2002 ................................................................................................................................................................... 36
Geography 2003 ................................................................................................................................................................... 37
Geography 2004 ................................................................................................................................................................... 38
Geography 2005 ................................................................................................................................................................... 40
Geography 2006 ................................................................................................................................................................... 41
Geography 2007 ................................................................................................................................................................... 42
Geography 2008 ................................................................................................................................................................... 44
Geography 2009 ................................................................................................................................................................... 45
Geography 2010 ................................................................................................................................................................... 47
Geography 2011 ................................................................................................................................................................... 49


Geography 1979
PAPER- I
Candidates should attempt Questions 1 and any four of the remaining questions, selecting
two from Section A and any two from Section B. All questions carry equal marks.
1. On the map of India supplied to you, mark and name the following:
(a) The mean annual isohyets of 100cm.
(b) The regions of Regur (black cotton) soils.
(c) The four most important centres for the manufacture of iron and steel.

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(d) Four of the most vulnerable tracts of India likely to be inundated by cyclonic storms.
(e) Morvi, Marble falls, Chukha project, Kalpakkam, Sri Hari Kota and Thumba.
OR
On the map of the World provided, name and mark the following:
(a) The International Dateline
(b) The horse latitudes
(c) The Air India route linking Delhi with New York via Moscow and London
(d) The Durand line
(e) The Great Wall of China
(f) Diego Garcia
(g) Namibia
(h) Ruhr
(i) Kalgoorlie
(j) Benguela current
(k) The mid-Atlantic rise
(l) The Great Barrier reef of Australia

SECTION – A
2. What light does the study of earthquake, waves throw on the inner constitution of the
earth?
3. Discuss the polar Front theory and examine how far it can be applied to explain the
origin of tropical cyclones.
4. What factors control the density of ocean waters? Show how differences of surface
density determine the movements of water (a) in the open ocean and (b) between the
ocean and its partially enclosed seas.
5. ‚The land regulates the destinies of peoples with a blind brutality‛ (Ratzal). Discuss
fully the arguments in favour and against this view.
6. ‚The 49

th
parallel is a boundary without a frontier the Himalayas is a frontier without a

boundary.‛ Discuss fully, bringing out the implications of this to the countries involved.
SECTION - B
7. Examine the aims and assets the achievements of Prince Henry and Navigator.
8. ‚The successful location of iron and steel plants is largely a matter of transportation
costs, not merely of raw materials but also of finished products.‛ Discuss with illustrate
examples.
9. ‚Till about 1700 A.D. the history of India, was to a large extent delimited by its
Geography.‛ Analyse fully.
10. Describe the main racial characteristics and the cultural attainments of either the Todas
or the Santhals.
11. ‚The distinction between ‘Wet-Zone’ and ‘Dry-Zone is fundamental in the agriculture
of the Monsoon lands, resulting in typical crop combinations‛. Discuss with respect to
either India or China.

PAPER-II-1979
Candidates should attempt Questions 1 and any four of the remaining questions, selecting
two from Section A and any two from Section B. All questions carry equal marks.
SECTION – A
1. With the help of selected examples, explain the relative importance of raw materials,
and markets in the location and development of cotton textile industry.
2. Explain the significance of diagnostic surveys for regional planning.
3. Give a critical assessment of the concept of rural –urban fringe. What criteria would
you suggest to democrat the rural urban fringe of Indian cities?
4. ‚The direct effect of physical factors on the distribution of population tends to decline

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(e) Tapi
(f) Rana Pratap Sagar
(g) Kavaratti Island
(h) Leh
(i) Badrinath
(j) Atomic Power Project in U.P.
OR
On the map of the world provided, mark the following and write in not more than ten
words in your answer-book what you consider to be the most significant aspect of each
one of them:-
(a) White Sea
(b) Zambezi River
(c) Tianshan Range
(d) Hawarian Islands
(e) Abidjan
(f) Windhoek
(g) Canberra
(h) Areas of Mediterranean type of climate in Australia
(i) Lake Balkhash
(j) Pyongyang.
2. Write short notes on any three of the following, each answer should be in about 200
words:
(a) Bioldiversity
(b) Models in Geography
(c) Sustainable development
(d) Slums and squatter settlements
SECTION A
3. Discuss the concept of cycle of erosion and bring out clearly the difference between
the view of Davis and Penck.
4. Explain the basis of Koppen's classification of climates. Also mention its merits and
limitations.
5. Indicate the major biotic regions of the world and discuss the ecological aspects of the
monsoon region.
SECTION B
6. Examine critically the concepts of 'determinism' and possibilism. Bring out the
significance of regional concept.
7. Oil has placed in the hands of Arab nations a tremendous geopolitical weapon with
which to wield power. Comment.
8. Discuss Van Thunen's model of agricultural land use and examine if the model is
applicable in India.
PAPER-II-1994
SECTION A
1. Answer any three of the following in about 200 words:
(a) Explain the drainage characteristics of Peninsular India.
(b) Elucidate the population density types in India.
(c) Examine the nature and extent of environmental degradation in the Himalayas.
(d) Explain the salient features of Sardar Sarover Project and elucidate the controversy
related to its implementation. 2. Discuss the recent theories put forward to explain the
origin and mechanism of the Indian Monsoon.
3. Examine the forest resources of India and explain the principles of conservation which
could be applied to improve the forest wealth of India.
4. Differentiate between agricultural efficiency and agricultural productivity and discuss

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the methods used in the determination of agricultural efficiency in India.

SECTION B
5. Write short notes in about 200 words each on any three of the following:
(a) Identification of industrially backward areas and problems in their development.
(b) Competitive and complementary character of the Indian rail-route and road network.
(c) Internal structure of an Indian city.
(d) Problems of militancy in India's border states.
6. Draw a sketch map to delineate the major industrial complexes of India and discuss
their important characteristics.
7. Bring out the salient characteristics of Indian urbanization with suitable examples.
8. Discuss the growth of regional planning in India and account for regional disparities in
development.


GEOGRAPHY 1995
Geography-1995
PAPER-I
1. On the map of India provided, mark the following and write in not more than ten
words in your answer-book what you consider to be the most significant aspect of each
one of them:-
(a) Kolleru lake
(b) Maikal range
(c) Palghat
(d) Darjeeling
(e) Ellora
(f) Ran of Kachchh
(g) January Isotherm of 20 C
(h) Ghanghara River
(i) Bokaro
(j) Corbett Park
OR
On the map of the world provided, mark the following and write in not more than ten
words in your answer-book what you consider to be the most significant aspect of each
one of them:-
(a) Danube river
(b) Leipzig
(c) Sierra Nevada
(d) Washington D.C.
(e) Red Sea
(f) Canadian National Railway
(g) Ashkhabad
(h) Ulan Bator
(i) Port Said
(j) Pampas
2. Write short notes on any three of the following (each answer should be in about 200
words each):
(a) Natural Hazards
(b) Inversion of temperature
(c) Food from the sea
(d) Dryland farming
SECTION A
3. Discuss the limitations of the theory of Continental Drift and show how the theory of

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7. (a) Distiguish between boundaries and frontiers. Identify different types of boundaries.
(b) Mention the agricultural regions as classified by whittlessey and discuss their
relevance. 30
8. (a) Discuss System Approach and its applicability in Geography. 30
(b) Critically examine the salient features of Central Place Theory propounded by Christaller
and Losch. 30

Paper-II
Section-A
1. On the outline map of India provided to you, mark the location of All of the following
for which 1 (One) mark is given to each correct entry.
Write in your answer script the significant geo-graphical relevance or strategic importance
of these locations, whether physical/commercial/economic/ecological
environmental/cultural in not more than 30 words for each entry. Four (4) marks are
allotted for each write-up of these correctly marked locations. 5x12=60
(a) Badami
(b) Mandvi
(c) Dodital
(d) Yanam
(e) Netarhat
(f) Shamsabad
(g) Lakshmantirath River
(h) Bara-Lacha La
(i) Kakolat Fall
(j) Singrauli
(k) Dafla Hills
(l) Tree Island

2. Present a comparative analysis of the regimes of Himalayan and Peninsular rivers of India
and examine their implications in the irrigation system of the country. 60

3. (a) Identify the major biosphere reserves of India and discuss their role in the
conservation of forest and wildlife. 30
(b) Give an account of potentiality and prospects of development of marine resources of
India. 30

4. (a) Discuss the potentiality and status of aqua-culture in the Ganga Plain. 30
(b) Assess the scope and development of Pharmaceutical Industry in India. 30

Section-B


5. Write about the following in about 200 words each: 15x4=60
(a) Prospects of Rainbow Revolution in India.
(b) Karewa Deposits and their economic significance.
(c) Impact of land tenure on agriculture productivity in India.
(d) Agro-forestry in India.

6. (a) Assess the growing importance of air transport in India and examine its role in the
regional development of the country. 30
(b) Discuss the spatital pattern of intra-regional migration in India and examine its
implications in regional development. 30

7. (a) Differentiate between conurbations and metropolitan regions. Give a reasoned
account of emerging conurbations in India. 30

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(b) Identify the ravine-affected areas in India and discuss the environmental and economic
impacts of their reclamation. 30

8. (a) Discuss the problems of environmental degradation generated by urban wastes in
India. 30
(b) Analyse the causes of desertification in India. Represent the desertified areas of the
country on a sketch map and suggest remedial measures to control it. 30

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