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TitleFSI - Kirundi Basic Course - Student Text.pdf - Live Lingua
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LanguageEnglish
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Total Pages587
Table of Contents
                            Cover
Title Page
Preface
Table of Contents
A Learner's Synopsis of Kirundi Structure
Introduction
Unit 1 - Exchanging greetings and getting acquainted
	A procedure for use with each new set of basic sentences
	Dialogues
	Footnotes
	Notes
		The use of the terms 'pitch' and 'tone'
		Pitch in yes-no questions
		Anticipated high tone in final position
		The use of subject prefixes
		A note on the immediate tense
		A note on absolute personal pronouns
		A note on the locative prefixes
		A note on the copula /ni/
		A note on the combination /n/ plus /r/
	A procedure for use with substitution drills
	A procedure for use with transformation drills
	Vocabulary Supplement
		Names for members of various ethnic groups
		Places where people work
		Some objects which frequently require specification of ownership
Unit 2 - Looking for work
	Dialogues
	Notes
		Singular and plural forms of personal nouns
		Object prefixes
		Tones of certain nouns borrowed from European languages and Swahili
		Infinitives
		Verb forms that contain the root /-zi/
		Grammatical dimension of 'linkage'
	Exercises
	A procedure for use with practice conversations
	Practice Conversations
Unit 3 - Where do people live and work?
	Dialogues
	Notes
		Alternation of nasal consonants
		Substantive phrases
		Alternate forms of concordial prefixes with various adjective stems
		Locative enclitic /--he/
		Subsecutive prefix
	Vocabulary: Place names
	Exercises
Unit 4 - Getting help in the language
	Dialogues
	Notes
		Use of tone in the Kirundi verb
		Non-tonal features of negative indicative forms
		Tones of immediate indicative verbs, affirmative and negative
		Tonal pattern of certain reduplications
		Concord used when the antecedent is quoted material
	Exercises
		Conversation Practice
Unit 5 - Arranging for help in language study
	Dialogues
	Notes
		Object prefixes
		Adjectives used in noun positions
		Difference between perfective and imperfective verb stems
		Translation equivalents of many English adjectives
	Exercises
	Practice Conversations
Unit 6 - Comparing notes about language study
	Dialogues
	Notes
		Tones of verbs that contain object prefixes
		Use of different sets of prefixes with the same noun stem
		Comparisons of inequality
		Verbs in Sentences 8 and 11
	Exercises
	Conversations
Unit 7 - Family relationships
	Dialogues
	Vocabulary: Kinship terms
	Notes
		Tones of words used with /na'/ 'and, with'
		Ordinal numerals
	Exercises
	Practice Conversations
Unit 8 - More about family relationships I
	Dialogues
	Notes
		Pronunciation of /miroongo/ before vowels
		Vowel length in constructions with /na/ plus a numeral
		Possessives used without nouns
		Tone of the copular /'ni/ and /'si/
	Exercises
	Practice Conversations
Unit 9 - More about family relationships II
	Dialogues
	Notes
		Participial verb forms, immediate, affirmative
	Exercies
	Practice Conversations
Unit 10 - Review
	Exercises
	Practice Conversations
Unit 11 - Getting street directions
	Dialogues
	Notes
		Imperatives
		Copular forms used in specifying locations
		Negative imperative
	Exercises
	Conversations
Unit 12 - More street directions
	Dialogues
	Notes
		Relative verb forms
		Relative pronouns
	Exercises
Unit 13 - Planning a short trip
	Dialogues
	Notes
		Non-immediate future tense
	Exercises
	Practice Conversations
Unit 14 - Buying food
	Dialogues
	Notes
		Non-indicative negatives
		Use of relative verb forms in indirect discourse
	Exercises
	Practice Conversations
Unit 15 - Buying clothing
	Dialogues
	Notes
		Hodiernal tense
	Exercises
	Practice Conversations
Unit 16 - Buying food at the door
	Dialogues
	Notes
		Tone of words like /irĭgi/
		Hesternal past tense
	Exercises
	Practice Conversations
Unit 17 - Eating
	Dialogues
	Notes
		Autonomous verb forms
		Infinitive as a substantive
	Exercises
	Practice Conversations
Unit 18 - Work in the kitchen
	Dialogues
	Notes
		Subjunctive
	Exercises
	Practice Conversations
Unit 19 - Restaurant and kitchen
	Dialogues
	Notes
		Presentative forms
		Defective verb /-ri/
		Defective verb /-te/ 'to do how?'
	Exercises
	Practice Conversations
Unit 20 - Review
	Exercisies
	Practice Conversations
Unit 21 - Caring for children
	Dialogues
	Notes
		Particle /nka-'/
		Non-personal possessives
		Demonstrative series with stem /~rya/
		Use of /-riinda/ as the first verb in a phrase
		Conditional tense
		Adhortative forms
	Exercises
	Practice Conversations
Unit 22 - Climate and weather
	Dialogues
	Notes
		Periphrastic progressive
		Stem extensions
		Applicative extension
		Reciprocal stem extension
	Exercises
	Practice Conversations
Unit 23 - What is in season?
	Dialogues
	Notes
		Persistive tense
		Inceptive tense
		Possessive phrases used in noun slots
		Two contrasting demonstratives
		The use of Class 8 for mixed antecedents
	Exercises
	Practice Conversations
Unit 24 - Geography of Burundi
	Dialogues
	Notes
		Verb /-ca/ followed by a participial form
		Verb /-ba/ followed by a participial form
		Word /'ni/ plus /uko/ plus a clause
		Word /kimwé/
		Word /hagӑti/~/hagatí/
	Exercises
	Practice Conversations
Unit 25 - A visit to a friend's home
	Dialogues
	Oral Reading Practice
	Notes
		Construction /'ni -ba/
		Sentences with /-ri na.../
		Abbreviation of personal names
	Excercises
	Practice Conversations
Unit 26 - Car trouble
	Dialogues
	Notes
		Special use of the verbal extension /-an-/
		Vocative use of nouns
		Construction in which a question is followed by a verb that includes the subsecutive prefix /-ka-/
		Extensions in the stem /-kírizia/
		Forms that contain two object prefixes
	Exercises
Unit 27 - The government of Burundi
	Dialogues
	Notes
		Method of pluralizing unassimilated French nouns
		Passive stems
		The construction 'every ____ years'
		Use of /na/ which does not correspond to English 'have', 'with' or 'and'
		Two alternate ways of using Class 18
	Exercises
Unit 28 - Miscellaneous topics
	Dialogues
	Notes and Exercises
Unit 29 - Short dialogues
Unit 30 - Short texts, with questions and answers
Glossary
FSI - Kirundi Basic Course - Student Text.pdf
	Slide Number 1
                        
Document Text Contents
Page 1

KIRUNDI
Basic Course

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Page 2

BASIC COURSE

PREFACE

Kirundi, together with its companion language, Kinyarwanda, is one of the most important
of Bantu languages. This book is intended to give the student a start in Kirundi, providing
him with dialogues that relate to some of the first situations in which he is likely to use the
language, as well as with systematic practice in all major points of grammar.

The present volume is one of a series of short Basic Courses in selected African lan-
guages, prepared by the Foreign Service Institute, under an agreement with the Office of Edu-
cation, Department of Health, Education and Welfare, under provisions of the National Defense
Education Act.

The analysis on which this course is based is contained in A. E. Meeussen's Essai de
Grammaire Rundi. Dictionaries by F. M. Rodegem and Elizabeth E. Cox were also of great
value. Part of the manuscript was checked at Michigan State University by Charles Kraft,
David McClure and D. Kamatari. The contributions of these scholars are gratefully acknowl-
edged.

Kirundi Basic Course is the work of many colaborators. Raymond Setukuru, Terence
Nsanze and Daniel Nicimpaye provided the dialogues and other texts, as well as the exercise
material. Setukuru also provided data for use in the construction of notes on sounds and gram-
mar, checked the entire manuscript, and voiced the tape recordings which accompany the course.
The manuscript was also checked by Gregoire Ndinze.

General organizing, editing and the preparation of notes were the responsibility of Earl
W. Stevick. The tape recordings were prepared in the Language Laboratory of the Foreign
Service Institute, under the direction of Gabriel Cordova.

iii

~
Howard E. Sollenberger, Dean

School of Language and Area Studies
Foreign Service Institute

Department of State

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Page 293

UNIT 15 KIRUNDI

UNIT 15

BASIC DIALOGUE

Dialogue 1.

lA

2B

3A

4B

5A

6B

7A

8B

iShlmilzi (9, 6)

Nshaaka kugur iShlmilzi.
a

ingo

Ingo nkweereke.

ubwooko (14, 14 or 6)

Mufis ayaahe mooko
e
, ",

y amashimiizi?
a

Turafls IArrow f , IBeco r ,
e

fManhattant.

Nshaak r Arrow r •
a

-aambara (-aambaye)

Waambar izilhe numero?
a

Cumi na zitaanu.

kaandi

-kwlira (-kwliye)

Amashlmilzi meeza kaand.
l

akwiiy' abaantu nkaawe
e

'ni IBeco l .

shirt

I want to buy a shirt.

cornel

Come and let me show you.

kind, sort

What kinds of shirts do you
have?

We've Arrow, Beco , Manhattan .••

I want Arrow.

to wear

What is your size?

Fifteen, pleasel

and

to suit

Shirts [that are] good and
which suit your type ('people
like your) are Beco.

-roonderera (-roondereye) to look for, for someone

232

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Page 294

BASIC COURSE UNIT 15

9A Ndoonderer IArrow',
a

'niyo nshaaka.

Dialogue 2.

lOC

lID

l2C

l3D

l4C

l5D

l6c

l7D

lSC

agashlmilzi (12, 13)

, ,
Waambay agashimiizi

e

keeza. Wakaguzehe?
,

Nayiguz mu gitoondo kuu
e

IEstaf' .

gut yo
, ,

Oh' Bafise amashimiizi

meeza gut yo?

8i mbl caane.
, ,

Zigur angaahe?
a

Nayiguz amajan ataanu.
e a

-nje

Naanje nzooyigura.

igitaambara (7, 8)

'N ahaandi nyene, ico

gitaambara waklguzehe?

Ku tEl Greco'
,

nivyo bisa.

233

Find me the Arrows, that is
what I want.

shirt (in diminutive class,
but here not referring
literally to size)

youJre wearing ('You've put
onl) a nice shirt1 Where
did you buy it?

I bought it this morning at
Estaf.

like that

Ohl They have nice shirts
like that?

They're not bad.

How much do they cost?

I paid 500 F.

I

11m going to buy one too.

cloth, material

By the way, where did you buy this

piece of material?

only, alone

At El Greco they are plentiful.

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Page 586

BASIC COURSE

-vuga (-vuze) 4D

umu-vuukanyi (1,2) 7ED

iki-vuko (7,8) lSV

im-vura (9) 22D

i-vuuriro (5,6) lSV

vya 24D

umu-vyaara (1,2) 7SV

umu-vyeeyi (1,2) 7ED

-vyuuka (-vyuutsa) 15SV

-w-
,-

we 13D
,-

weese 30
,

wewe ID
,- ,

weewe

-y-
,

(7,8) 24D iki-yaga

umu-yaga (3,4) 28D
, ,-

18D yamara
,-

(7,8) 14D iki-yiiko

-li-yoza (-liyogeje) 15SV

-z-
-zana (-zanye) 16D

in-zeeduka (9,10) 30

-zi 2D

aka-zi (12,13) 2D

amaa-zi (6) 18D

525

to speak, say

sibling

port

rain

hospital

~the area around I)

to give birth to, to
beget

maternal cousin

parent

to get up

you

each (Cl.

you (sg. )

he, she

lake

wind

but

spoon

to bathe

to bring

accident

3)

oneself

(see /-menya/)

work

water

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Page 587

KIRUNDI

i-ziiko (5,6) 18D

-ziimba (-ziimvye) 5SV

-ziimbuuka 5SV
(-ziimbuutse)

-zlmira (-zimiye) lID

-zlmurura lID
(-zimuruye)

i-zina (5,6) ID

-ziinduka 28D
(-ziindutse)

in-zira (9,10) 12D

in-zoga (9) 18D

in-zoka (9,10) 21D

in-zu (9,10)

i-zuuba (5) 21D

umu-zuungu (1,2) lSV

in-zuuzi (9,10) 24D

526

stove

to become expensive

to become cheap

to get lost (of persons)

reverse of Ito lose l

name

to go early in the
morning; to dawn

way, path

beer

snake

house

sun

European (person)

large river (cf. /uruuzi/
triver! )

* u. S GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 1965 0 - 752-218(145)

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