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TitleFrench Syntax: The Transformational Cycle
Author
LanguageEnglish
File Size8.4 MB
Total Pages490
Table of Contents
                            Title
Copyright
Contents
Preface
1 The Leftward Movement of Tout/Tous
2 Clitic Placement
3 The Faire - I nfiniti ve Cons truction
4 Clitic Place ment in the Faire- I nfinitive Constructio n
5 Reflexive /Reciprocal Clitic Placement
6 The Transformational Cycle
Bibliography
General Index
Index of Rules
                        
Document Text Contents
Page 2

Current Studies in Linguistics Series
Samuel Jay Keyser, general editor

I. A Reader on the Sanskrit Grammarians
J . F. Staal, editor
Semantic Interpretati on in Generati ve Grammar
Ray S . Jackendoff

3. The Structure of the Japanese Language
Susumu Kuno

4. Speech Sounds and Features
Gunnar Fant

5. On Raising: One Rule of English Grammar and
Its Theoreti cal Implications
Paul M . Postal

6. French Syntax: The Transformational Cycle
Richard S. Kayne

Page 246

3.4 L-Tous, Double Subcategorization , and the Obligatoriness of FI 229

(72) *Elle fera Jean lire ce l ivre.

'She'll have Jean read this book. '

This analysis will account too for certain contrasts concerning sen­
tences in which faire and infinitive are separated by tout . If a sentence
with an intransitive verb and subject tout is embedded under faire , FI
will apply, placing tout to the right of the infinitive : Elle fera 8[tout
disparaitre] � FI � Ellefera - disparaitre - tout (a grammatical sentence).
Application of L-Tous is then optional :

(73) Elle fera tout disparaitre .

'She'll make everything disappear. '

If the embedded S with subject tout contains an object NP, then FI will
be followed by A-Ins : On ne peut pas faire 8[tout jouer un role important]

On ne peut pas faire - jouer - un role important - a tout (so that here
L-Tous is inapplicable) . Another grammatical sentence so derived is
On fera subir des modifications a tout. Since FI must apply, the following
are ungrammatical :

(74) a . *On n e peut pas faire tout jouer u n role important.

b. *On f era tout subir des modifications.

a . 'One can't have everything play an important role. '

b. 'We'll have everything undergo modification. '

The contrast between (73) and (74) carries over to the corresponding
sentences with faire in nonfinite form, with tout to the left of faire :

(75) Elle va tout faire disparaitre .

(76) a. *Elle va tout faire jouer un role important.

b. *Elle va tout faire subir des modifications.

These contrasts are inexplicable in terms of surface structure alone,
since in all cases tout appears to the left of an infinitive of which it is
the underlying subject. It is the obligatory application of the trans­
formations FI and A-Ins which prevents the generation of (74), (76) ;
the fact that (73) , (75) resemble their deep structures, and thus
superficially appear not to have undergone FI , is deceptive. Their
grammaticality is quite compatible with the application of Fl , in com-

Page 490

Index of Rules

Se-Pl (Se placement) , 93, 2 1 4, 276n, 287n,
292n, 306n, 323n, 336n, 369-402 ,
403-429, 432-442

SLL (Supplementary l'un l'autre) , 364-368,
400, 4 1 6n

Styl- lnv (Stylistic inversion) , 88, 89n ,
2 1 8n, 25 l n, 257n, 333, 37 1

Subj-Cl-Inv (Subject clitic inversion) , 87n,
89-90, 92-95, 99n, l 49n, 2 1 8 , 4 1 0

Subject deletion with voir and present par­
ticiples, 1 28-1 29

Subj-R (Subject raising) , 200n , 23 1 , 254-
26 1 , 340n

Tough movement, 48n, 76n, 208-209,
337-34 1

Wh Movement, 6- 1 0, 1 2 , 28, 32-33, 35,
43-45 , 49-50, 52-53, 59, 6 1-62, 74,
1 05, 1 1 2-1 14, l 1 6n , 1 29n, 1 34, 1 52-
1 55, 226-227, 283-284, 286n , 290n,
292-294 , 306n , 370n, 4 1 0n, 440n

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