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Titleexample of draft proposal for design project
TagsChemistry Catalysis Nature Chemical Substances Chemicals
File Size1.9 MB
Total Pages65
Document Text Contents
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CONTENTS

TITLE PAGE

CHAPTER l PRODUCTION OF AZELAIC ACID

1.1 Introduction 4

1.2 process Background 6

1.2.1 Ozonolysis 6

1.2.2 Stoichiometric Reaction 7

1.2.3 Chemically Catalyzed reaction 8

1.2.4 Biocatalytic Transformation 10

1.3 Process Selection 11

1.3.1 Comparison of process 11

1.3.2 Selection of Process 12

1.4 Application / Usage of Azelaic Acid 14

1.5 Process Details 15

1.5.1 Oxygen Generation Process 15

1.5.2 Ozone Generation and Oleic Acid

Absorption Process 18

1.5.3 Oleic Acid Ozonides Oxidation Process 19

1.5.4 Pelargonic Acid Distillation process 20

1.5.5 Azelaic Acid distillation Process 21

CHAPTER ll MARKET ANALYSIS

2.1 Introduction 22

2.2 Global Fats and Oil Production 23

2.3 World Consumption of Fats and Oils 23

2.4 World Consumption of Fatty Acid 25

2.5 Demand of Azelaic Acid 27

2.6 Import and Export Prices of Raw Material

and Products 28

2.7 Prices of Raw Material and product 36

2.8 Breakeven Analysis 37

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Figure 2.7 Average price of Malaysia Oleic Acid Exports





Figure 2.8 Malaysia Exports of Oleic Acid (pricing unit)



The above chart shows the value of Malaysian exports of OA to the external countries.

Based on year 2009, obviously the exports of OA is quite low which the supply is made

to only four countries noted Pakistan, Japan and China with price of OA per kg are

12.79, 7.42 and 5.68 respectively. For year 2010, the exports value increased as the

supply market increased as well. From the pie chart, the highest demand is from Hong

Kong with 10.97 (MYR) per kg of OA. Whereas on the recent years in 2011, the exports

of OA maintained its supply market with slightly a change in supplied countries with the

highest demand comes from South Korea with 16.73 (MYR) of OA per kg.

Basically, the priced of supplied OA will depend on the current market also the

demand from the respected country. Comparing the three recent pie chart of year 2009,

2010 and 2011, the exports of OA are increasing which shows the OA is currently

needed in particular industry. As in ozonolysis process to produce AA, OA is the main

raw material that will be react with ozone in order to obtain AA. Azelaic Acid (AA) is a

chemical product that industrially used such in for food packaging, automotive and

electronics.

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2009 2010 2011

P
ri

ce
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R
M

/k
g

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Year

Korea, South

Brazil

Pakistan

Netherlands

Japan

United States

Australia

Germany

Taiwan

China

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