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TitleEnglish - United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
LanguageEnglish
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Page 1

ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF AFGHANISTAN
NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

Afghanistan Initial National Communication
To the United Nations Framework Convention on

Climate Change

Page 2

i


FOREWORD



On behalf of the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, it gives me great pleasure to present

mate

Change. This fulfills our commitment under Article 12 of this convention. The communication has been

prepared involving all the key stakeholders in the multi-disciplinary study teams and through consultative

process. The National Environmental Protection Agency of Afghanistan has coordinated this exercise.

The communication not only describes our endeavors towards addressing the challenges of the climate

change but also outlines our future strategies and planned activities.

I wish to congratulate all those involved in the long process of preparing the initial national

communication and specifically to the members of National Study Teams and National Climate Change

Committee. The Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan acknowledges the financial and

technical support of GEF and UNEP for assisting us in fulfilling this national obligation. In the end, I

would like to reiterate the commitment of Afghanistan to the principles of UNFCCC and fulfillment of

our national obligations.



Mostapha Zaher

Director General

National Environmental Protection Agency of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

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Table 3.4: Assessment of Climatic Hazards (NAPA)

Hazard Narrative Impacts Loss
of Life

Duration Spatial
Extent

Frequency Tendency

Periodic
Drought

Decrease in productivity of crops; forced migration; ;
decrease in amount of exports; and financial loss


3


3


4


6


2





Floods due to
untimely and
heavy rainfall

Collapse and sedimentation of irrigation canals;
destruction of agricultural lands; loss of crops and
livestock; collapse of dwellings; spread of epidemic
diseases; destruction of infrastructures (roads,
bridges); damage to national economy



3



3



1



4



3



Frosts and
cold spells

River levels rise, destruction of agricultural and non-
agricultural (forest and rangeland etc) lands,
landslides, soil erosion, destruction of infrastructures
(brides and gabions)



3



1



1



5



3



Flooding due
to thawing of
snow and ice

Increase in levels of incidence of diseases that affects
humans, agricultures and livestock; habitat changes
affects wildlife; changes in vegetation covers and
associated grazing patterns



3



2



3



5



3



Rise in
temperature

Degradation of fruits, crops, vegetation; rise in
diseases; poor economy and increase in poverty


3


3


3


6


3



Hail, Thunder
Lightening

Destruction of crops (particularly horticultural
crops); human/livestock losses; floods



2



1



1



3



3




Monsoon and
120 day winds

Desertification; degradation of agricultural lands and
crops; destruction of infrastructure; air pollution;
spread and transmission of diseases and respiratory
problems; sedimentation of irrigation systems and
springs; local/national economy adversely affected



2



1



3



5



3



1 Impacts: 1= US $ 1 per capita; 2= $10; 3= $ 100; 4=$1000; 5= $10000
2 Loss of life: 1= 1 person per event; 2= 10 people; 3=100 people; 4= 1000 people
3 Duration: 1= 1 day; 2= 10 days; 3= 100 days; 4= 1000 days (more than 1 year)
4 Spatial Extent: 1= 1 sq. km; 2= 10 sq. km; 3= 100 sq. km; 4= 1000 sq. km; 5= 10000 sq. km; 6= 100000 sq. km
5 Frequency: 1= 1% probability of occurrence in a year; 2= 10%; 3= 100% (occurs once a year)
Trend : =significant increase; = moderate increase; ?= uncertain trends

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Table 3.5: Narrative Description of Climatic Hazards and Some of their Impacts (NAPA)

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134


H List of People Present in the Validation Workshop

S.N. Name


Designation Organization


1 Mr. Ghulam Mohammad Malikyar DDG NEPA
2 Mr. Abdul Wali Modaqiq DDG NEPA
3 Mr. Mohammad Afzal Safi Advisor MRRD
4 Dr. Hassan Hamid Head of the

Environment
Polytechnic
University

5 Mr. Abdul Qayum


Officer Traffic Directorate

6 Mr. Mohamad Nazir Officer MoE
7 Mr. Abdul Wase Thermal energy

Specialist
MEW

8 MR. Mohammad Shafiq Staff of Environment
Dep.

MEW

9 Eng. Sardar Mohammad Mitigation project
Manager

ANDMA

10 Mr.Saifulrehman Saifi Head of Air pollution DMA
11 Mrs Shakila Yousife Supervisor MoWA
12 Eng. Gulam Hassan Amiry CC Director NEPA
13 Eng.Nick Mohammad Climate Change

Adaptation officer
NEPA

14 Eng. Hamidullah Sherwani Officer MoE
15 Mr.Wahid Jalal Director NEPA
16 Mr.Jalal Noorani Advisor Ministry of Culture
17 Mr.Ghulam Hasain Ahmadi Officer NEPA
18 Mr.Zabihullah Afroze Director of

legislation/policy
NEPA

19 Mr.Noor Mohammad Fazli EIA director NEPA
20 Mr.Ghulam Ali Yaqubi Ozone National

officer
NEPA

21 Mr.Ahmad Zia Public awareness
officer

MAIL

22 Mr.Shafiqullah Aman Protected area
Manager

MAIL

23 Mr.Abdul Sami Project Manager MAIL
24 Eng.Gul Bahram Halimi Advisor MEW
25 Mr.Sulaiman shah Salari Director Natural

Heritage protection
NEPA

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135








26 Mr.Mirwais Karimi Officer NEPA
27 Mr.Muhibullah Fazli Protected Area

Manager
NEPA

28 Mr.Abdul Ghiyas safi Lecture Kabul university
29 Mr.Naser Ahmad Kohistani Head of Environment

department
Kabul university
Faculty of Agriculture

30 Mr. Naqibullah sediqi GHG depart officer NEPA
31 Mr.Ahmad Shoaib Jahesh Water sector

Manager
NEPA

32 Mrs. Aria Neiaesh CC members NEPA
33 Mr.Mohammad Tawab Officer NEPA
34 Mr.Nesarudin Baryali Principal Kabul provincial

Council




35 Eng. Mohammad Jawid Director of
Environment

Mo M

36 Mr. Sayed Enayatullah Principal Kabul provincial
Council


37 Mr.Ghulam Haider Haidari Conservation &
Environment

MAIL

38 Mr.Mohammad Yasin Noori MEA officer NEPA
39 Mr.Andrew Scanlon Program Manager UNEP Afghanistan
40 Mr.Hamidullah Akbary INC Coordinator UNEP Afghanistan
41 Mr.Waheed Hannan Senior Translator UNEP Afghanistan
42 Mr.Chiranjibi Gautam International

Consultant
UNEP Afghanistan

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