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Answer Key Booklet

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Contents

Answer Key
Unit 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
Unit 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Unit 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Unit 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
Unit 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Unit 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15

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8 Effective Academic Writing 2: Answer Key

4 . The outcome was that the girls were very scared,
but they also learned something . As a result
of being robbed, the girls learned to obey their
parents and became obedient daughters .

Exercise 3 (p. 64)

My sister and I made a dangerous mistake one
summer . I was thirteen and my sister was fourteen, and
our parents had taken us to the city where they grew up .
We felt very grown up as we rode to the hotel in a taxi .
The hotel was very big, and it had a blue tile floor . After
we unpacked our suitcases, our parents wanted to go to
the market . My mother told us not to go outside . “We
won’t,” my sister promised, but I knew that she was
lying . We had already decided to go out and explore this
strange and beautiful city by ourselves .

As soon as my parents were out of sight, we got
our things and went downstairs . We walked out of the
hotel doors and down a narrow street . The sun was
setting, and the light was very beautiful . We could
hear the noises of traffic nearby, but the little street was
quiet . Suddenly, a man with a gun stepped out from
a doorway . He said, “Don’t move!” He was short, and
he was wearing a dark green jacket and sunglasses .
He came very close and we could smell cigarettes and
something terrible in his breath . We were terrified and
couldn’t say anything . He said, “Give me your shoes .”
So I did . Then he took my sister’s purse and her gold
ring and ran away . I remember that I fell against my
sister . I heard her take a deep breath; she was shaking .
Afterward, we ran back to the hotel, across the blue tile
floor and up to our room .

The man scared us, but he also taught us something
important . Before this experience, we did not always
listen to our parents . We now learned that we should
obey them . My sister and I became obedient daughters,
and we enjoyed the rest of our vacation . However, we
decided not to tell our parents about our adventure .
We knew they would punish us even though we had
learned our lesson . This dangerous adventure is still a
secret that I share with my sister .

Exercise 4 (p. 65)
Answers will vary.

1 . We went to the movies after we ate lunch at a
restaurant . After we ate lunch at a restaurant, we
went to the movies . (The lunch happened before
the movie .)

We ate lunch at a restaurant after we went to
the movies . After we went to the movies, we ate
lunch at a restaurant . (The lunch happened after
the movie .)

2 . We waited a long time for the bus before it
arrived . Before it arrived, we waited a long time
for the bus .

3 . As soon as they saved enough money, they took a
great vacation . They took a great vacation as soon
as they saved enough money .

4 . She thought carefully about which dress to buy
before she bought the red one . Before she bought
the red one, she thought carefully about which
dress to buy . (She bought the red dress after
thinking carefully about it .)

5 . I listened to the radio while I prepared dinner . I
prepared dinner while I listened to the radio .

6 . She worked very hard for many years, then she
retired .

7 . I was very surprised when you knocked on my
door . When you knocked on my door, I was
surprised .

8 . He had a cup of coffee as soon as he got up in the
morning . As soon as he got up in the morning, he
had a cup of coffee .

Exercise 5 (p. 66)
Answers will vary.

2 . Why were the girls afraid to jump over the
pommel horse? What is a pommel horse? Why
were you tired of waiting? Where were you?

3 . What made you finally decide? How long did
it take you to decide? What did the other girls
think?

4 . How did you jump over the pommel horse
without falling down? Who else was overjoyed?
How difficult was it to jump over the pommel
horse?

5 . Why do you like doing things that are a little bit
hard? What other things that are a little bit hard
have you done? Who else in your family likes
doing things that are a little bit hard?

Part 4: Editing Your Writing
Exercise � (p. 69)

I will always remember my wedding day . It was
beautiful . I woke up and looked outside . The sun was
shining, and the birds were singing . It was as if they
were talking to me, telling me to get up . In reality, the
circle radio was playing and my brothers were arguing
in the hallway, but it still felt romantic . My dress was
hanging on the closet door . My mother was cooking
breakfast in the kitchen, and the coffee was brewing .
My father was talking on the phone to his brother, and
they were discussing who was the better chess player .
This was a constant argument between the two of them,

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Effective Academic Writing 2: Answer Key 9

but I knew my father was just trying to distract himself
because he was feeling nervous .

Exercise 2 (p. 69)
Answers will vary.

2 . When my uncle visited in 2004, I was living in
California .

3 . Last week was very busy, my roommate and I had
many tests and assignments to complete . While
I was studying for our tests, my roommate was
going to parties with her friends .

4 . I’m sorry I couldn’t talk last night . When you
called, we were eating dinner .

5 . I’m so tired! Last night, my sister and I were
playing video games until two in the morning .

6 . I didn’t hear the doorbell . The radio was playing
too loudly .

Exercise 3 (p. 70)
Answers will vary.

1 . It was an ordinary day at school . I was sitting
in class and trying to finish my homework . The
teacher was walking down the hallway . I was
shaking because I felt nervous . The teacher came
into the class and asked for our homework . I was
expecting to be in trouble . Suddenly, the fire
alarm went off .

2 . It was a cold and rainy night . My father and
mother were visiting relatives and away from
home . My sister and I were staying at home
alone . We turned on the TV, and they were
showing horror movies . The wind was blowing
and the rain was hitting the windows . We were
both feeling scared . And then someone knocked
at the door .

Exercise 4 (p. 7�)
1 . S 3 . SQ 5 . SQ
2 . SQ 4 . S 6 . I

Exercise 5 (p. 72)

People go to the mountains on vacation for two
reasons: to ski and to enjoy the view . My family doesn’t
ski but we wanted to enjoy the view! In pictures, the
mountains were always beautiful . The flowers were
blooming and the people were smiling; however, our trip
to the mountains was a disaster . As soon as (1) we arrived
were arriving at our destination, the sun disappeared .
It was (2) raining . (3) I We were (4) staying in a friend’s
small apartment . My father went to the window in the
living room every day and checked the sky . Every day
it was the same: rainy and cloudy . One day, while he
was looking at the clouds, a little sun began to shine
through . (5) As soon as he He saw the sun as soon as

we (6) jumped were jumping in the car . We drove to the
Jungfrau Mountain so we could take the tram to the top
and enjoy the view . We eagerly got on the tram . It began
to climb to the top of the mountain . However, while
the tram was climbing, it (7) became becoming cloudy .
The tram arrived at the top of the mountain, and we got
out . We were in the middle of a cloud . I thought it was
exciting, but my father didn’t . We drove back in silence .
Our last day we went to the airport and then (8) got were
getting on the plane . Just as the plane was taking off, the
sun (9) began was beginning to shine again .

Part 5: Putting It All Together
Exercise � (p. 74)

Answers will vary.
1 . The day of my brother’s birthday was very

exciting . First we went to the store to buy all
the ingredients, and then we came home and
prepared the food for the party .

2 . Before we came home and prepared the food
for the party, we went to the store to buy all the
ingredients .

3 . In the beginning, writing was difficult . Now it is
easier .

4 . Writing became easier for him after he started
doing it more frequently .

5 . When I was a child, I used to think I would
never learn to play baseball, but I was wrong .
Eventually I became good at it .

6 . When I was a child, I used to think I would never
learn how to play baseball .

7 . I never enjoyed eating vegetables when I was
young . Later on, I started to like the taste .

8 . I never enjoyed eating vegetables when I was young .
9 . I was afraid of the water until we moved to a house

near a lake . After that, I learned how to swim .
10 . I wasn’t afraid of the water as soon as I learned

how to swim .
11 . The movie was long and boring . Sebastian

thought it would never end . Finally it did .
12 . While Sebastian was watching the long and

boring movie, he had the feeling that it would
never end .

Exercise 2 (p. 75)
1 . was walking
2 . was looking
3 . thought
4 . imagined
5 . arrived
6 . noticed
7 . was looking for
8 . heard

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Effective Academic Writing 2: Answer Key �7

Part 5: Putting It All Together
Exercise � (p. �52)
1 . a . 1 b . 3 c . 2
2 . a . 3 b . 2 c . 1
3 . a . 2 b . 3 c . 1
4 . a . 2 b . 1 c . 3

Exercise 2 (p. �52)
Answers will vary.

1 . A person who wants to lose weight will go on
a diet and exercise regularly . He or she will lose
weight .

2 . A terrible teacher will not give fair tests . A terrible
teacher will not prepare for class .

3 . A careful driver will use the turn signal . A careful
driver will not talk on a cell phone while driving .
A careful driver will not get into car accidents .

4 . A vegetarian will not eat meat . A vegetarian will
eat a lot of fruits, vegetables, beans, and grains .

5 . A dishonest salesperson will not tell the truth
about a product . A dishonest salesperson will
cheat customers .

6 . A successful politician will help the community . A
successful politician will get a lot of votes .

Exercise 3 (p. �53)
1 . Many people exercise so that they will be healthy .
2 . Many nurses wear special shoes so that they will

be comfortable .
3 . Many immigrants work hard so that they will be

successful in their new country .
4 . Many homeowners have alarm systems so that

they will feel safe .
5 . Many older people have pets so that they will not

feel lonely .
6 . Many schools offer financial aid so that they will

attract new students .

Exercise 4 (p. �53)
1 . If a person works as an international pilot, he will

travel to other countries .
2 . If you learn another language, you will feel a

sense of accomplishment .
3 . If you have good computer skills, you will be

qualified for many good jobs .
4 . If a person practices yoga, she will feel more

energetic .
5 . If you plan your vacation carefully, you will have

fewer problems during your trip .
6 . If a person respects others, she will have a lot of

friends .

Exercise 5 (p. �54)

Children who participate in sports will be more
successful in their jobs . First of all, team sports require
kids to play together with their team . In this way, they
will (1) to learn cooperation skills . For example, while
playing soccer a child might realize that a teammate has
a better chance of scoring a goal . If he (2) will pass passes
the ball to his teammate, he will not control it anymore .
However, his teammate will probably score a goal . By
learning to cooperate on the playing field (3) , the child
will one day be (4) a more efficient employee . In addition,
children who play team sports will (5) learning learn how
to be good sports . If the team (6) will lose loses a game,
the child remembers that it is only a game . Instead of
getting upset, he will (7) to try to do better next time . And
when he works for a company, he will not
(8) to get upset if he loses an important client or sale .

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