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Document Text Contents
Page 1

,J !"

'\ \i "
I \' ...I.,. j

VII. Antediluvian Revelation .....•.. o. 33

VIII. Postdiluvian Revclation r. An Ancient

Word existing before that given

through Moses 40

IX. The Pentateuch 0 • • • • 49

X. H'oliucss of the Divine Law · . . . . . . 54

XI. The Five Books Separately. · . . . . . . 59
XII. Divine Care for the Preservation of

the \Vorcl · · ... · · · · .,. . . . . • • . . . • 73
XIII. The Book of Joshua ......••••.• :. 78

XIV. The Book of Judges ......•••.. ~ . 82

XV o The 1~()()k~~ of Samuel •• 0 0 • g •••• 0. 87

~2\;jO<lLl

COl\fl\fITTEE OF T1IE Al\lERTCAN

REV. FRAN},- S E\V j\ I-JL,
REV. J.<::.,i\.GER, REV. IJ. P. l'vlr~RCER,
"VW1\1. N. HOI3ART, I~I~i\NCIS J-\. IJE\VSON.

SUDJECT NO.

I. The Origin of the Sacred Scripture..

II. The }:ternal Word Q •

III. The \:vorc1 Revealed .
IV. Two kinds of Books in the Bible'..•

V. 1300ks of the Word, and the other

Sacred \Vritings .

VI. The Prophets were Seers: How their

Communications were Received ..

PAGE

3

5
6

II

16

Page 2

..
11

SUBJECT.NO.

CONTENTSo

PAGE

XV"I. The Books of Kings 0 • a 0 • 93

XVII. The Schoolsof the Prophets.. · · .. 95

XVIII. The Book of Psalms.,. . . . . . . . . . . . 98

XI:K. The Music and Choirs of the Tenl-

ple 0 ••• 0 106

X'X, The Book of Isaiah a •• 110

XX.I. Jeremiahand the 1300kof Larnenta-
tions,. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . .. .. 115

XXII. The Book of Ezekiel, 120

XXIII. The Book of Daniel. . . . . . . . . . . ... 123

XXI"V. The Twelve Minor Prophets 127

XX"V o TheKethubimor Hagiographa; Sa-

credWritingsof theJewishChurch 156

XXVI. The Apocrypha 186

XXVII. Ancient Versionsand Commentaries189

XXVIII. Mannerof Preservingthe Scriptures

in Ancient Tirnes, . . . . . . . . . . . ... 197

ContemporaneousKings of Judah

and Israel 0 • •• 204

Chronological Table 205

OUR

Heavenly Father'sBook.

I. -'TIle Origin of the SacredSerlptnre,

THIS Book in all our homes,so various.
in size, often occupying a conspicuous
place, held sacrecl by some, and in high
respect by ail, sometimes handed down
from a former generationas a large, family
Bible, and seen on the desks of all our
churches.v-cwhencecame it, and why is it
here?

The story is a 1011g one, but profoundly
interestinganel profitable. 011 inquiry, the
discoverywill be madethat this venerated
Volume is fully worthy of all the respect
and revere11ceit has ever receiveda

" Bi bIe," from the Greekbib/os, a book;
corning to us, however, through the Latin
and N orman Frenchfrom the plural form,
fa biblicl, tile books, which as early as the
fifth century lJegan to be applied in the
Greek churchesof the East to the whole
collection of writings regardedas belong-
ing to the sacredcanon.. In all our modern.
languagesit has becomea singular noun,

Page 55

108 BIBLE IvIANUAL.. THE MUSIC OF THE TEMPLE. 1°9

threemostge11erall{incls,\vererepresentedin
greatvariety : I, wind �i�n�s�t�r�l�l�n�l�e�l�l�t�~�, like t.lle
trumpet, cornetanel flute ; 2, stringed 111-
struments, like the harp and psaltery; 3,
the instruments that are beaten, like the
tambourine, cymbals and triangle. The
Hebrew names of 111any of these we still
finel written ill the titles of our psalms.

The singers were a separatebody from
the i nstrumentalperformers, and seem to
have included female voices, ancl to have
beendistributedinto parts, much as ill our
In0 der11 c110 irs. 111 Ps. 1xviii . 2 5, we
read, "TIle singerswentbefore,the players
on instrumentsfollowed after; amongthem
were the damsels playing with timbrels."
In I. CHRON. xxv. 5, 6, we are told that
ill addition to his fourteensons,Hemanhad
also three daztglzterswho were "llnder the
handsof their father for song in the house.
of Jehovah." From this it apIJearsthat the
daughtersas �\�v�e�~�l as �~�l�l�e sonsof tl:e �~�e�v�i�t�~�.�s
were instructed111 this art. A11d III EZRA 11.
65, we learn that with thoseof the captivity
WIlD returned with Zerubbabelwere "tvvo
hundredsinging men and singing W01Jle1Z."
It is believedthat children also were some-
times included.

It is easy to conceive that with such
numbersthe performancesmust have been
very impressive; especially on �g�r�e�a�~ oc-
casions when 1110re than the ordinary
" course" was collected, and when the

o-reat processionstook place. Such was
the festival when Killg David causedthe
ark: to be removed from the house of
Obed-edominto thetentpreparedfor it in
tile city of Zion. On that occasiona long
chant was performed, consisting of selec-
tiOI1S from several psalms, beginning with
the first fifteen versesof Ps. ev., the whole

, of xcvi., with a few verses from others
adclecl by way of doxology. (SeeI. CHRON.
xvi.). .

Suchan occasionalso was the still more
elaborateand imposingceremonialenacted
by ICing Solomon at the dedicationof the
temple. In a part of his prayer (I. CR.
vi. 41, 42), Solomon quotes severalverses
from Ps. cxxxii., and this is supposedto
have been one of tIle principal psalms
chanted011 that day.

Page 56

BIBLE f\fANUAL. THE BOOK OF ISAIAH. III

XX.-Thc �J�~�o�O�I�( �~�)�f Isaiah.

The Hebrew name is Jesha)lahlt,mean-
ing sa/uation of :lcho7Jall . In chap. vii i.,
18, he refersto the siglliticanceofhi s name,
anc1l of those of his t\VO SOIlS. TIie name
of h is son �~�?�l�e�a�r�- :las/tub, rucans a rC1Jllla1lt
shall rcturn ; ancl that of the other son,
�j�J�f�a�h�c�r�-�J�l�l�a�l�a�l�-�h�a�s�h�-�b�a�~�, is, ill 1Jlakl";lg sj)CCfl to
the sjJoil, he/taste/zctll tile prrJ!: namesgiven
for a eliville prophetic reason.

1['11is prophet was the son of Amoz, and
lived at Jerusaleru,wherehe 118.(1 his visions
and wrote hi s prophecies,i n the clays of
lLJ zziah,Jotham, j\ 11::1.Z, and Hczekiah, lzings
Jf J.nla.h. He is supposedto have been
1)Orl1 about the th irt i cth year of King
Uzzialr's reign, or aboutsevenhundredand
eighty years B.C., anel to have survived
until the early purt of the reign of Man-
asseh, or to about B.C., six hunclrecl and
11inety-fivee There is a traditi on that be
suffered martyrdom uncler this Jast pri nce,
being sawn asuncler, at the advancedage
of eigl1ty-four or eigllty-flve years. 1'llis
last tradition, however, bas of late years
beencalleel in question; thereis little doubt
howeverthat he livecl till after the death of
Hezckiah. His ministry as a prophet ex-
tends over a period of about sixty years.
At different portions of his career IlC was

contemporary with the prophets, Amos,
Hosea, Joel, and Micah. From some
allusionsill his book, it is supposedthathe
was twice married.

That this is. a book of the Worel is clear
fro 111 its contents, Its opening sentences
are,- I.' The vision of Isaiah the son'/0£
Arnoz, which he saw concerningj udahanel
Jerusalem, . .. Hear, 0 heavens, and
give ear, 0 carth; for the Lord hath
spoken:" while ill chaptervi. we have a
full accountof the al)lJearanceof the Lorel
to hi m, arid of the remarkable manner in
which the prophetic office was conferred
lll)Oll hi m, and he sent forth to deliver the
"Worcl of the Lord." The whole chapter
Sl10l11d be read ill this connection. From
thattimeforth 11Crepeatedlydeclaresthatthe
Lorcl spaketo 11il11, and that what he utters
is from the 1110l1tll of the Lord. This also
is confirmed several times by our Lord's
words in the GOSIJels,and ill the otherbooks
of the New Testament, where he is re-
peatcdlyquotedas aprophetof the Lord.

The book is usually regardedin three
gralld elivisions. ,rI'lle propheciescon-
tained ill the first thirty- five chapters, 2,
'TIle historicalaccountof King Hezekiah,in
C11a])s..: xxxvi. to xxxix. 3, The seriesof
propheciesbegillning wi th Chapterxl. arid
occupying the remainder of the book.

I. For the sakeof greaterconvenience,
we lllay consider the first division in four
parts,

Page 109

B. C. JE\VISH HISTORY. CONTEMPORARY EVENTS.

Third MacedonianWar.

168

166

16r

125

121

1°9

JerusalemtakenbyAntiochusEpiphanes;
greatcrueltiestowardstheJews .

Menelausdeposed;massacreat Jerusa- End of the Macedonian Kingdom, in
lem; beginningof the MaccabeanWar Greece.
of Independence 0 0 ••• 0 ••

JudasMaccabreustakesJerusalem. Re-
dedicationof the Temple" 0 ••

Victory of Adasa. Embassyto Rome. Alliance betweenRomeandJudea.
Deathof JudasandJohn Maccabreus.

Jonathan,High Priest 0 • • • •• CeltiberianWar.
'" •••••••••• 0 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •• Third Punic vVar.
o. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •• Destructionof Carthage.
Tower of Zion taken; first year of Jew- Deathof Tiberias Gracchus.

ish freedom .
Hyrcanus, High Priest, conquers the

land eastof theJordan0 ••••••••••••
Deathof Caius Gracchus.

Hyrcanus destroys the Samaritanwor-

ship on Mount Gerizim 0
107 .•. o' 0 0 •• 0 0 •• 0 • 0 ••••••••••• 0 ••••••• 0 Marius, First Consul.
105 Civil War in j udrea '" Cicero and Pompeyborn.
100 ..... 0 ••••••• " •• 0 ••••• " •••• •••• • •• Birth of Julius Cresar.
78 Alexandra,Queenof Judrea .
64 Civil War, and Pompeyarbitrates be-

tweenthe contestants .
63 Pompey carries Jerusalem by assua1t. Cicero, Consul.

Judeeasubjectto Romefrom this time.
"55 '0 ••••••••• 0 0 • 0 ••••••• 0 •• 0 • 0 • • • • • • •• Csesar'sfirst descentupon Britain.
.54 Crassus at Jerusalem; plunders the Secondinvasionof Britain.

Temple.. �~ " 0 0 • 0
:52 Cassiusenslavesthirty thousandJews,

partisansof Aristobulus ., : . 0 •• 0 0 0 ••
49 .. 0 0 ••••••••••••• 0 • 0 • 0 • 0 0 •••••••• 0 0 0 Czesarpassesthe Rubicon.
48 ...Antipater, first Roman Procurator of Battle of Pharsalia;deathof Pompey,

�J�u�d�~�a�. 0 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••
,46 '" ... , . 0 ••••••• 0 •• 0 ••••• o. ••••••••• Reformof the Calendar.
.44 Decreeof Caesar,re-fortifying Jerusalem Deathof Cresar.
43 CassiusplundersJerusalem.. . . . . . . ... Death of Cicero. Battle of Philippi.

Deathof BrutusandCassius.
40 Herod appointed King by the Roman Roman Empire divided. Octavian and

Senate 0 • • • • • • • • • • • Antony at RODle.

Page 110

B. C. ]E\V!SH HISTORY. CONTEMPORARY EVENTS.

37 Herod takes Jerusalem,on the day of Antony and Cleopatra.
Atonement 0 0 • 0 0 •• 0 0 o ••••

3 I Heroddefeatsthe Arabians;greatearth- Battle of Actium,
quakein J udzea... · . 0 ••••••• 0 0 •••••

30 Herod meets Octavianat ROIne, and is Deathof Antony and Cleopatra. Egypt
confirmedin the kingdom. 0 0 0 • • • • • • • becomesa RomanProvince.

27 '0· 0 0 0 0 0 0 o ••••• 0 ••• 0 0 0 0 0 ••••••• o. 0 00 The title of Augustus conferred upon
Octavian,

26 Herod murders the last of the family Deathof Marcellus.
of Hyrcanus,and introducesheathen
gaInesinto Jerusalem 0 • 0 ••••

18 Herodrebuildsthe Temple. 0 •• 0 • o •• 00
10 Herod opensDavid's tomb in searchof Augustus,Pontifex Maximus.

treasure.. 0 o •••••••••••••••••• 0 .0.
6 The Phariseesrefusingtheoathto Cassar

are fined by Herod .
4 Birth of Christ accordingto the common Augustus,Emperorof Rome.

reckoning. Death of Herod the
Great....••...•..••••' ... �~ ..• ' ...

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