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Page 1

COLONIAL POLICY
BY

Dr. A. D. A. DE KAT ANGELINO

Abridged translation from the Dutch

by G. J. RENIER Ph. D.
in collaboration with the author

VOLUME II

THE DUTCH EAST INDIES

HANGCHOW CONFERENCE

OCTOBER 21 TO NOVEMBER 4. 1931

THE HAGUE

MARTIN US NI]HOFF
1931

Page 2

COLONIAL POLICY

Page 341

THE CONSTRUCTION OF SOCIETY 333

has shown that such methods do not assure lasting results. After
a successful campaign against endemic or other diseases, the old
unhygienic mode of living is continued, so that year after year
the treatment of millions has to be started afresh, while under
the circumstances the trouble and expense would seem to become
less justified. Medical propaganda has not lost sight of this edu-
cative principle. It goes out from the view that a direct fight
against popular diseases may be utilised as a valuable auxiliary,
but that it can never be looked upon as the aim of hygienic edu-
cation. It prefers therefore to continue the difficult task of propa-
ganda, of which the small but lasting results cannot easily be
expressed in figures 1). The schools are also used for this propagan-
da, and health brigades of pupils are everywhere being used in the
promotion of this social work.

The fight against social evils
Allied to the care for physical health is that for the moral health

of society, such as the fight against drink, opium, prostitution,
the traffic in women and children, gambling, lotteries, and bet-
ting (for instance, on cockfights), or repetition of offences through
re-classing provisionally convicted people and liberated convicts
(Stbl. 1917, 749; 1926, 487, 488) 2). Restrictive regulations re-
garding the import and sale of alcoholic beverages and liquids,
and on the preparation of spirits are contained in a number of
ordinances 3). The abuse of drink is happily almost unknown in
the Dutch East Indies. Against the abuse of opium the govern-
ment monopoly has been found to be the most effective measure
of defence. So far no better instrument has been found, and it
is remarkable that the most recent and most radical international
opinions concerning the abuse of morphia and cocaine in Europe
and elsewhere recommend the introduction of limitation and ra-
tioning which sooner or later may lead to the national monopoly
system.

A special governmental bureau has been established at Batavia
to fight against the traffic in women and children and immoral

') Hydrick, p. 614.
0) The organisation of the probation system for ex·prisoners is making good pro-

gress and the authorities are assisted by private initiative. See "Reclasseering" in
Communications of General Importance, May 1928, Col. 35 sqq.

3) SeeStbl.1913,260; 1914,248,647; 1915, 133,223,290,298; 1916, 187, 188; 1917,
646; 1918, 137,617 etc.

Page 342

334 THE CONSTRUCTION OF SOCIETY

publications (5tbl. 1915, 152; 1916, 199; 1926, 154). This bureau
is the authority mentioned by Art. 1 of the international regula-
tion for fighting the traffic in women and girls signed in Paris on
May 18, 1904 (5tbl. 1907,279). It collects information in regard
to the recruiting of women and young girls for immoral purposes.
It also has to satisfy the obligation contained in Art. 2 of the
treaty against the traffic in women and children, also approved
by the law of July 17, 1923 (5tbl. 1924, 70) 1). The inspector of
this bureau investigates independently facts relating to the traf-
fic in women and children, to the exploitation of women and chil-
dren for immoral purposes even outside the sphere of international
traffic in women and children properly speaking, and to the trade
in immoral publications. On November 18, 1921, Holland acceded
on behalf of its colonies to the regulation signed in Paris on May
4th, 1910, for repressing the distribution of immoral pUblications
(5tbl. 1922,413); while in 5tbl. 1928,61, it published the treaty
for the repression of the distribution and of the trade in such pub-
lications signed on 5eptember 12, 1923, at Geneva Z). The immi-
gration service furthermore exercises a severe supervision upon
entering passengers; while the authorities (members of the admi-
nistrative corps, commissions for immigration, harbour masters),
try to prevent the rash emigration of ignorant women and young
girls. In the so..,called film regulation (5tbl. 1925, 477) measures
are given for fighting the social and moral dangers of film produc-
tion. They contain in particular regulations to obviate the dan-
ger of such films for children.

Furthermore, the task of supervising reformatory education,
ragged schools, and the execution of the poor law is entrusted to
the Director of Justice. Instructions to the head of the service are
contained in Bijbl. 11178. A number of government reforma-
tories have been established which, apart from young persons
placed under the control of the Government by the penal judge
in virtue of Art. 46 of the penal code, can also open their gates to
minors and persons in whose interests, as well as in that of society;

1) See also the treaty signed in Paris on May 4, 1910 published in Stbl. 1913,257
258.

0) In this and in other directions the D.E.I. are strenuously collaborating with the
international action organised under the auspices of the League of Nations. A gene-
ral review is given in the communications of general interest already montioned
'May 1929, col. 16-62, entitled Nea.-Intlie en de Volkenbontl.

Page 681

INDEX 673

Topographical service 484, 489-
90,626.

Trade schools 235-9.
Trade unions 584-5.
Traffic 269-74,277.
- influence of 168,203, 2?0, 271,

274, 284, 406, 457, 471.
Training colleges 204, 205, 207,

210,214-5,222,228,233,234,
240,248,253,329.

Training courses 219-20, 223-4,
240,329.

Treaties, with States, 102, 103-6,
108, 175.

Treub 272.
Trias politic a 130-5.
Typhus 327, 328, 331, 554.
Ulu Sungai 631.
Unification, policy of, 166,381-2.
- in education 194,248,249,254.
- in jurisdiction 143-4, 154-5,

162, 186; 191-2.
- in legislation 162, 163, 167-9,

171-4,323.
- in taxation 632-9.
University 174,232,250-1,252,

253.
Unrec1aimed land 289,294,431-

3, 439, 441-50, 452-7, 458-
63,465-7,477-8,531,561.

Usury 72, 74, 230, 286, 307, 308,
312, 318, 322, 494.

Vaccination 87, 233, 327, 328,
329, 554.

Veda emigration 571-3, 577.
Vehicular language 206, 207, 209

-13, 214, 218, 232, 235,236,
247.

Verbeek 106.
Vergouwen 125.
Versailles, treaty of, 589, 590.
Villages 22,28,37,41,46-7,48,

57, 71, 113, 403-11, 623-32,
635.

- assembly 317, 408, 437, 625.
- banks 58,84,312-3,316-22,

407-8.

- corvee 29, 86, 87, 293, 405,
408,410,436-7,469,611,615,
621, 638, 643.

- councils 409,410.
- elections 28,84,91-2,97,390,

404, 407, 408-9, 410.
- justice 120, 122, 135, 142-3,

180, 181-3, 187, 188-9, 190
-1, 404, 405, 455.

-land 405-6,431-3,435,437,
438, 439, 441-50, 460-7, 468
-9,470-4,481.

- legislation 120, 172, 395, 405,
408.

- organisation 97, 115, 119, 120,
126-8, 371, 406-7, 410, 437
-8.

- police 28-9, 86, 405, 407.
- schools 84, 199,209,214,215

-22,224,227,229-31,240.
- taxation 120, 405, 409, 642.
- amalgamation of 97, 409, 447.
- federations of 102, 109, 113,

119, 121, 123, 128, 180,409.
- supervision of 84, 97, 395, 407,

408,409,615.
Vis man 395.
Vissering 268.
Volker 563.
Vollenhoven, C. van, 2, 9, 47, 65,

67, 72, 107, 118, 120, 125, 132,
134, 136, 138, 141, 153, 158,
169,171,172,173,176,189,
191, 361, 362, 368, 377, 378,
409, 418, 430, 438, 441, 446,
453, 460, 463.

Vollenhoven, J. van, 290, 295.
Vreede 534.
Vroon 350.
Waal, de, 452.
Waal, L. A. de, 323.
Waduks 303.
Wajang 342.
Washington 590.
Waterboards 172, 303, 387-8,

617, 641.
Water power 306.

Page 682

674 INDEX

Wedono 38,40, 54, 71, 76, 79, 82,
91,94,96, 367.

Weights, and measures, 268, 359.
Welfare policy 58, 218, 230, 235,

239--40, 243, 270, 273, 275,
285, 301--8, 311--26, 344--5,
347--53,490--1.

Welfare research 285--301, 638.
Wellenstein 295.
Weltevreden 100, 253.
Western enterprise 48, 72, 235,

260--1, 272--3, 327.
-- and agriculture 42--3, 72, 270

--1,275,349,439--46,452--7,
474--6, 476--8, 478--80, 493.

-- and communications 269--72,
274.

-- and labour 340, 305, 495--500,
502, 504--610.

-- influence of 73, 271, 274--9,
366, 427--8, 449, 486, 541--2,
561, 566, 571, 612, 650.

Western schools 209--13, 247--9,
249--53.

Westernisation 21, 94, 162--3,
192, 209--13, 249, 336, 450--1,
469.

Westra 578
Westra, H., 362, 398, 399.
Whitehall series 53.
Winckel 146, 157.
Wireless 274, 327.
Woesthoff 369--72,377,380.
Wolff 351.
Women, position of, 225--7,

335--9, 390, 617.
-- traffic in 333--4.
-- labour of 538, 551, 564, 589--

90, 596, 608.
Zeeman 271.
Zentgraaff 261.
Zola 434.
Zusuma 575.

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