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TitleCataloging Service Bulletin 105, Summer 2004
LanguageEnglish
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Table of Contents
                            Cataloging Service Bulletin, Number 105
Descriptive Cataloging
Subject Cataloging
MARC
Romanization
                        
Document Text Contents
Page 1

ISSN 0160-8029 Number 105, Summer 2004 • Editor: Robert M. Hiatt

DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGING
Library of Congress Rule Interpretations 2

SUBJECT CATALOGING
Subdivision Simplification Progress 95
Changed or Cancelled Free-Floating Subdivisions 96
Subject Headings of Current Interest 96
Revised LC Subject Headings 97
Subject Headings Replaced by Name Headings 106

MARC

MARC Code List for Languages 106

ROMANIZATION

Ladino 107
Greek 108

Editorial postal address: Cataloging Policy and Support Office, Library
Services

Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. 20540-4305
Editorial electronic mail address: [email protected]
Editorial fax number: (202) 707-6629
Subscription address: Customer Support Team, Cataloging Distribution Service

Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. 20541-4912
Subscription electronic mail address: [email protected]
Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 78-51400
ISSN 0160-8029 Key title: Cataloging service bulletin
Copyright ©2004 the Library of Congress, except within the U.S.A.

Page 2

2 Cataloging Service Bulletin, No. 105 (Summer 2004)

DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGING

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS RULE INTERPRETATIONS (LCRI)

Cumulative index of LCRI to the Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules, second edition, 2002 revision, that have
appeared in issues of Cataloging Service Bulletin. Any LCRI previously published but not listed below is no longer
applicable and has been cancelled. Lines in the margins ( �� ) of revised interpretations indicate where changes have
occurred.

Rule Number Page

1.0 103 14
1.0A3 105 13
1.0C 103 22
1.0E 105 13
1.0G 44 9
1.1B1 100 17
1.1C 94 11
1.1D2 84 11
1.1E 44 10
1.1E5 98 17
1.1F1 13 4
1.1F4 14 6
1.1F6 44 11
1.1F7 44 11
1.1F11 84 11
1.1F15 17 6
1.1G1 48 10
1.1G2 97 13
1.1G3 44 11
1.2B4 102 17
1.2B5 84 11
1.2C4 84 11
1.2C5 84 11
1.2E3 84 12
1.4A2 67 14
1.4C7 15 3
1.4D1 44 12
1.4D2 84 12
1.4D3 89 10
1.4D4 100 18
1.4D5 97 17
1.4D6 66 11
1.4E 12 11
1.4E1 11 9
1.4F1 102 17
1.4F2 92 10
1.4F5 47 15

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56 Cataloging Service Bulletin, No. 105 (Summer 2004)

9) Uniform title. LC practice: Do not make title added entries for uniform titles. There may, however, be
instances in which a title added entry is the same as the uniform title (e.g., cf. subsection 7) d) immediately above).

Items Without Collective Title

1) Change in AACR2/content designation. For items without a collective title, Amendments 1993 to the Anglo-
American Cataloguing Rules changed the placement of the general material designation ("GMD"), which in turn changed
the manner of providing title access in such cases. The GMD now follows the first title transcribed instead of the last.
That change stimulated a change in the content designation for items without a collective title: the second title
immediately adjacent to the first is now treated as "remainder of title" (subfield $b). This change, effective 1994, applies
in all cases even when a GMD is not being assigned to the item.

With GMD

pre-1994 policy

245 10 $a Title A ; Title B ; Title C $h [GMD] / $c
statement of responsibility

1994- policy

245 10 $a Title A $h [GMD] ; $b Title B ; Title C /
$c statement of responsibility

Without GMD

pre-1994 policy

245 10 $a Title A ; Title B / $c statement of
responsibility

1994- policy

245 10 $a Title A ; $b Title B / $c statement of
responsibility

This change in content designation meant some changes in the existing policy on providing access to the titles
being recorded in the title and statement of responsibility area, since the titles immediately following the first are no
longer included in the same subfield as the first (subfield $a). Subfield $a now ends before any other data element that
follows the first title (the GMD, the second title, the first parallel title, the first other title information, the first statement
of responsibility).

2) Title access to independent titles. Make a title added entry for each title being recorded if there are two or
three titles. Usually make a 245-derived title added entry for the first. The second and third titles must be provided for
explicitly by using the redefined 740 field (Added entry — Uncontrolled related/analytical title) and recording value "2"
in the second indicator position (Analytical entry). (Cf. the examples in 3) Title access to 245 title string immediately
below). If there are four or more titles being recorded, make a 245-derived title added entry only for the first.

Page 57

Cataloging Service Bulletin, no. 105 (Summer 2004) 57

NOTE: record in a 246 field varying forms of an independent title occurring in a 245 $a subfield; record in a
740 field varying forms of an independent title occurring elsewhere.

3) Title access to 245 title string. Previous LC practice: For the period February 1994 to November 2002, LC
made a title added entry for the complement of titles immediately adjacent to one another appearing at the beginning of
the title and statement of responsibility area and treated as a unit by recording the titles without the GMD but with the
prescribed punctuation used in the title and statement of responsibility area. For the period February 1994-November
1995, field 740 0# was used to provide this added entry; from December 1995 to November 2002 field 246 3# was used.
As of December 2002, LC follows the current practice described above in 2) Title access to independent titles. There
will be no systematic attempt to update records done under the previous practice.

Previous practice (December 1995-November 2002) showing use of field 246 3# to
provide access to the 245 title string as it appears on the source.

100 1# $a Berkeley, George, $d 1685-1753.
240 10 $a Treatise concerning the principles of human

knowledge
245 10 $a Principles of human knowledge ; $b and,

Three dialogues / $c edited with
introduction by Howard Robinson.

246 3# $a Principles of human knowledge ; and, Three
dialogues

700 12 $a Berkeley, George, $d 1685-1753. $t Three
dialogues.

740 02 $a Three dialogues.

Current practice (December 2002- ) showing that field 246 3# is no longer used to
provide access to the 245 title string as it appears on the source.

100 1# $a Berkeley, George, $d 1685-1753.
240 10 $a Treatise concerning the principles of human

knowledge
245 10 $a Principles of human knowledge ; $b and,

Three dialogues / $c edited with
introduction by Howard Robinson.

700 12 $a Berkeley, George, $d 1685-1753. $t Three
dialogues.

740 02 $a Three dialogues.

4) Models illustrating title access. The following models illustrate the various conditions of title access that
may occur for items without a collective title. These models are LIMITED to showing the various patterns that may
occur. They do NOT include any controlled forms of added entries, e.g., controlled analytic added entries, that might
also be appropriate.

245 10 $a Title A $h [GMD] ; $b Title B / $c statement
of responsibility.

740 02 $a Title B.

245 10 $a Title A ; $b Title B / $c statement of
responsibility.

Page 111

19Information and documentation— conversion of Greek characters into Latin characters. — 1st
ed., corrected and reprinted 1999-06-01. — Genève : ISO, 1999, c1997.

Cataloging Service Bulletin, no. 105 (Summer 2004) 109

GREEK

Below is a draft revision of the ALA/LC romanization table for Greek. This revision is based entirely on the
Greek romanization table approved by the International Organization for Standardization.19 The only variation from that
standard is to retain the romanization of Φ, φ as Ph, ph in classical Greek. Please sent comments on this draft revision
to [email protected] by Oct. 31, 2004.

Greek
(Including Coptic)

Vernacular Romanization Vernacular Romanization

Α1 A α a
Β V β v

B in Classical Greek2 B i n C l a s s i c a l
Greek2

Γ G γ g
Δ D δ d
Ε1 E ε e
Ζ z ζ z
Η Ī η ī
Θ Th θ th
Ι I ι i
Κ k κ k
Λ L λ l
Μ M μ m
Ν N ν n
Ξ X ξ x
Ο1 O ο o
Π P π p
Ρ R ρ r
Σ S σ (final ς) s
Τ T τ t
Υ Y υ y
Φ F φ f

Ph in Classical Greek ph in Classical
Greek

Χ Ch χ ch
Ψ Ps ψ ps
Ω Ō ω ō

Breathing Marks

Mark Name Romanization

z soft breathing [omit]
΄ rough breathing h

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110 Cataloging Service Bulletin, No. 105 (Summer 2004)

Notes

1. Combinations of two or more characters are romanized according to the provisions for each individual character. The
only exception is the conversion of the Greek double vowels ΑΥ, αυ, ΕΥ, ευ, ΟΥ, ου which are romanized as Au, au,
Eu, eu, Ou, ou respectively.

2. The era of the Modern Greek language begins with texts written after 1453. Texts written before 1454 are considered
Classical Greek.

Numerals

Character Value Characters Value

αr 1 ρr 100
βr 2 σr 200
γr 3 τr 300
δr 4 υr 400
δr 5 φr 500
εr 6 χr 600
ςr or στ 7 ψr 700
ζr 8 ωr 800
ηr 9 ü 900
ιr 10
ιαr 11 sα 1000

etc. sαα 1001
sαβ 1002

κr 20 etc.
καr 21
κβr 22 sβ 2000

etc. sγ 3000
λr 30 sδ 4000
μr 40 sε 5000
νr 50 etc.
ξr 60
οr 70
πr 80
90

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