Download biological and physical factors affecting catch of house flies in ultraviolet light traps PDF

Titlebiological and physical factors affecting catch of house flies in ultraviolet light traps
Author
LanguageEnglish
File Size544.5 KB
Total Pages116
Table of Contents
                            ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
TABLE OF CONTENTS
LIST OF TABLES
LIST OF FIGURES
ABSTRACT
INTRODUCTION AND LITERATURE REVIEW
	The House Fly Musca domestica
	Importance of Musca domestica
		Nuisance
		Disease Transmission
	Biology of Musca domestica
		Oviposition
		Larval Development and Survival
		Adult Behavior
			Activity and longevity
			Photoperiod
			Dispersal
	Attractants for Musca domestica
		Chemical Attractants
		Physical Attractants
			Color
			Surfaces
			Light
	Control Using Attractants
		Chemical Baits
		Physical Traps
		Insect Light Traps (ILT)
			House Fly Response to ILTs
			Design and Location of ILTs
			Competing Light Sources
	Statement of Purpose
ESTIMATES OF RESPONSE TIME BY HOUSE FLIES TOWARD UV LIGHT TR
	Introduction
	Materials and Methods
	Results and Discussion
INFLUENCES OF QUALITY AND INTENSITY OF BACKGROUND LIGHT ON H
	Introduction
	Materials and Methods
	Results and Discussion
LIGHT TRAP HABITUATION STUDY
	Introduction
	Materials and Methods
	Results and Discussion
SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS
DIAGRAM OF BUILDING LAYOUT
SAS PROGRAMS USED FOR DATA ANALYSIS
	SAS programs for Chapter 2
	SAS programs for Chapter 3
	SAS Programs for Chapter 4
SPECTROMETRY MEASUREMENTS FOR LIGHT TRAPS AND BACKGROUND LIG
REARING CONDITIONS FOR CONLONIES OF MUSCA DOMESTICA
LIST OF REFERENCES
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH
                        
Document Text Contents
Page 1

BIOLOGICAL AND PHYSICAL FACTORS AFFECTING CATCH OF HOUSE FLIES

IN ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT TRAPS














By


MATTHEW D. AUBUCHON













A DISSERTATION PRESENTED TO THE GRADUATE SCHOOL
OF THE UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT

OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF
DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY


UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA


2006

Page 2

Copyright 2006


by


Matthew D. Aubuchon

Page 58

47



The M. domestica eye is sensitive to UV light ranging from 340 nm to 370 nm and

blue-green light ranging from 480 nm to 510 nm, but there is debate over how this

sensitivity affects a house fly’s optomotor response (Goldsmith and Fernandez 1968,

McCann and Arnett 1972, Thimijan and Pickens 1973, Green 1984). Although blue-

green sensitivity was relatively high, phototactic response by male and female M.

domestica gradually declined as light spectra approached 630 nm (Thimijan and Pickens

1973). Results from our light quality experiments were consistent with previous

literature indicating that house flies exhibited a stronger response toward UV versus blue-

green wavelengths (Pickens 1989a).

In conclusion, the results of our lab study showed a significant decrease in response

of male and female house flies toward UV light traps as the intensity of competing

fluorescent light was increased. When house flies were presented four different types of

competing light, their response towards UV light traps was significantly lower when

competing light sources contained broad-based UV versus blue-green light.

Page 59

48



Table 3-1. Light intensity (lumens/m2) measured within five local restaurants (R) and
grocery stores (G)



Location n Intensity

A (G) 100 27.33 1.59
B (R) 100 28.29 0.37
C (R) 100 50.67 0.80
D (G) 100 61.43 2.42
E (R) 100 91.24 1.28




Table 3-2. Light intensity (lumens/m2) of four intensity treatments of cool-white

fluorescent light measured 45 cm from light source


Number of bulbs Total wattage Intensity


1 40 W 27.43
2 80 W 51.21
3 120 W 91.46
4 160 W 125.67

Page 115

104



West, L. S. 1951. The Housefly. Comstock Publishing Company Inc., Ithaca, NY.

Zurek, L., S. S. Denning, C. Schal, and D. W. Watson. 2001. Vector competence of

Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae) for Yersinia pseudotuberculosis. J. Med.
Entomol. 38: 333-335.

Page 116

105


BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH

Matthew D. Aubuchon, son of David and Claire Aubuchon, was born February 7,

1974, in St. Louis, Missouri. He graduated from St. Louis University High School in

1992. After high school, he attended Indiana University and graduated with honors in

1996 after completing the requirements for the degree of Bachelor of Science with a

major in environmental science and public policy. During his senior year of college,

Matt moved to Washington, D.C., for an internship at the nonprofit organization Center

for Policy Alternatives. During the summers of 1995 through 1997, Matt acquired his

aquatic-applicator license and worked on over 100 lakes throughout Indiana and

Michigan abating invasive species of aquatic plants. Matt moved to Auburn in Fall of

1997 and worked as a laboratory technician for the Auburn University Department of

Entomology. In winter, 1998, he was accepted into the graduate entomology program at

Auburn University, where he pursued his master’s degree under the guidance of Dr. Gary

Mullen. After finishing his M.S. in August, 2001, Matt promptly moved to Gainesville,

FL, to pursue his Ph.D. at the Entomology and Nematology Department under the

guidance of Dr. Phil Koehler. On April 23, 2005, Matt was married to Amanda Kathleen

Chambliss in St. Augustine, FL.

Similer Documents