Download Berger J - Ways of Seeing, BBC and Penguin Books 1972 PDF

TitleBerger J - Ways of Seeing, BBC and Penguin Books 1972
TagsLeonardo Da Vinci Visual Perception Paintings Perspective (Graphical) Nudity
File Size17.8 MB
Total Pages79
Document Text Contents
Page 1

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A book made by
John Berger, Sven Blomberg, Chris Fox.
Michael Dibb, Richard Hollis

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This book has been made by five of us. Our
starting point was some of the ideas contained in the television

series Ways of Seeing. We have tried to extend and elaborate
these ideas. They have influenced not only what we say but
also how we have set about trying to say it. The form of the

book is as much to do with our purpose as the arguments
contained within it.

The book consists of seven numbered essays.
They can be read in any order. Four of the essays use words
and images, three of them use only images. These purely
pictorial essays (on ways of seeing women and on various
contradictory aspects of the tradition of the oil painting) are

intended to raise as many questions as the verbal essays.

Sometimes in the pictorial essays no information at all is given

about the images reproduced because it seemed to us that
such information might distract from the points being made.
In all cases, however, this information can be found in the List
of Works Reproduced which is printed at the end of the book.

None of the essays pretends to deal with more
than certain aspects of each subject: particularly those aspects
thrown into relief by a modern historical consciousness.

Our principal aim has been to start a process of questioning.

Page 39


Page 40


Page 78

101 Triumph of Knowledge by Bartholomew Spranger,
1546--1611, Vienna Gallery I

102 Three Graces Decorating Hymen by Sir Joshua
Reynolds, 1723-92, Tate Gallery, London I

102 Ossian Receiving Napoleon's Marshalls in Valhalla :

by A. L. Girodet de Roucy-Trioson, 1767-1824, '
Chateau de Malmaison 4

103 Tavern Scene by Adriaen Brouwer, 1605/6--38,
National Gallery, London

104 Laughing Fisherboy by Frans Hals, 15B0-1666,

Burgsteinfurt, Westphalia: collection, Prince of Bentheim

and Steinturt Iii
104 Fisherboy by Frans Hals, 1580-1666, National Gallery

of Ireland, Dublin

104 An Extensive Landscape with Ruins

by Jacob van Ruisdael, 1628/9--82, National Gallery,

105 River Scene with Fishermen Casting a Net

by Jan Van Goyen, 1596--1656, National Gallery, London,
106 Mr and Mrs Andrews by Thomas Gainsborough,

1727-88, National Gallery, London

111 Portrait of Himself and Saskia by Rembrandt
van Ryn, 1606--69, Pinakotek, Dresden

112 Self-portrait by Rembrandt van Ryn, 1606-69,
Uffizi, Florence

114 (top) Europe supported by Africa and America
by William Blake, 1757-1827

114 (bottom) Pity by William Blake, 1757-1827

115 Mildew Blighting Ears of Corn by William Blake,

116 (top) Mademoiselle de Clermont
by Jean Marc Nattier, 1685--1766,
Wallace Collection. London

116 (bottom) Sale of Pictures and Slaves in the
Rotunda, New Orleans, 1842

117 (top left) Princess Rakoscki by Nicolas de Largillierre,
1656--1746, National Gallery, London

117 (top right) Charles, Third Duke of Richmond

by Johann Zoffany, 1734/5--1810, private collection
117 (bottom) Two Negroes by Rembrandt van Ryn,

1606--69, The Hague, Mauritshuis


118 Sarah Burge, 1883. Dr Barnardo's Homes
by unknown photographer

119 Peasant Boy leaning on Sill by Bartolome Murillo.
1617-82, National Gallery, London

120 (top left) A Family Group by Michael Nouts,16561,
National Gallery, London

120/1 (top centre) Sleeping Maid and her Mistress
by Nicholas Maes. 1634-93, National Gallery. London

120 (bottom left) Interior, Delft School, c. 1650-55I,
National Gallery, London

120/1 (bottom centre) Man and a Woman in a Stableyard

by Peter Quast, 1605/6-47, National Gallery, London

121 (top right) Interior with Woman Cooking

by Esaias Boursse. Wallace Collection. London

121 (bottom right) Tavern Scene by Jan Steen, 1626--79,
Wallace Collection, london

122 (top left) The Frugal Meal by John Frederick Herring,
1795-1865, Tate Gallery, London

122 (top right) A Scene at Abbotsford
by Sir Edwin Landseer, 1802-73, Tate Gallery, London

122 (centre left) White Dogs by Thomas Gainsborough,
1727-88, National Gallery, London

122 (centre middle) Dignity and Impudence
by Sir Edwin Landseer, 1802-73, Tate Gallery, London

122 (centre right) Miss Bowles by Sir Joshua Reynolds,

�1�7�2�3�~�9�2�, Wallace collection, London

122 (bottom) detail: Farm Cart by Thomas Gainsborough,
1727-88, Tate Gallery, London

123 (top) The James Family by Arthur Devis, 1711-87,
Tate Gallery, london

123 (centre left) A Grey Hack with a White Greyhound
and Blue Groom by George Stubbs, 1724-1806,
Tate Gallery, London

123 (centre right) The Bay Horse by John Ferneley,
1782-1860, Tate Gallery, London

123 (bottom) A Kill at Ashdown Park
by James Seymour, Tate Gallery, London

124 Girl in White Stockings by Gustave Courbet,

125 Demoiselles au bard de la Seine

by Gustave Courbet 1819-77,


Page 79

Musee du Petit Palais, Paris
126 (centre) Le Salon photograph
126 (top) Les Romains de la Decadence

by Thomas Couture, 1815--79
126 (bottom left) Madame Cahen d'Anvers by L. Bonnat
126 (bottom right) The Ondine of Nidden by E. Doerstling
127 (top right) The Temptation of St Anthony

by A. Morot
127 (top left) Witches Sabbath by Louis Falero
127 (bottom left) Psyche's Bath by Leighton

127 (bottom right) La Fortune by A. Maignan
129 Photograph by Sven Blomberg

134 Dejeuner sur I'Herbe by Edouard Manet. 1832-83,
Louvre, Paris

136 (top) Jupiter and Thetis by J. A. D. Ingres, 1780-1867,
Musee Granet, Aix-en-Provence

136 (bottom left) Pan Pursuing Syrinx

by Hendrick van Balen I and follower of Jan Breughel I,
17th century, National Gallery, London

137 (bottom left) Bacchus, Ceres and Cupid

by Bartholomew Spranger, 1545--1611
137 (top left) Interior of St Odulphus' Church at

Assendelft, 1649 by Pieter Saenredam, 1547-1665

137 (top right) Wave by Hokusai, 1760-1849

139 Carlo Lodovico di Barbone Parma with Wife,
sister and Future Carlo III of Parma,

Anon, 19th century, Archducal Estate Viareggio
141 Still Life with Drinking Vessels by Pieter Claesz,

1596/7-1661, National Gallery, London

147 Mrs Siddons by Thomas Gainsborough, 1727-88,
National Gallery, London

147 Marilyn Monroe by Andy Warhol
155 On the Threshold of Liberty

by Rene Magritte, 1898--1967


Acknowledgement is due to the following for permission to reproduce
pictures in this book:
Sven Blomberg, 129, 134; City of Birmingham, 67 (bottom); City of
Norwich Museums, 83; Chiddingstone Castle, 52; Euan Duff, 142

(bottom), 148; Evening Standard, 36 (bottom); Frans Hals Museum, 12;

Giraudon, 50, 57, 66 (top left), 68 (bottom), 70 (bottom);
Kunsthistorisches Museum, 27, 85; Mansell, 39, 60, 111. 112; Jean
Mohr, 36 (top). 43 (bottom); National Film Archive, 17; National
Gallery, 20, 23, 25 (bottom), 43 (top). 54, 70 (top), 74 (top),
75 (top), 87, 89, 92 (top left), 97, 100 (top). 103, 104, 105, 106,
117 (top left), 119, 120 (top left and bottom left). 120-1 (top and
bottom), 141, 147; National Trust (Country Life), 76; Rijksmuseum,

Amsterdam, 31; Tate Gallery, 98 (bottom), 102 (top), 122 (top

right and bottom), 123 (middle right and top); Wadsworth
Atheneum, Hartford, 86; Wallace Collection, 71 (top and bottom),

72,75,99,116 (top), 121 (top and bottom); Walker Art Gallery,

99 (bottom).

I) 9L;-o-


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