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TitleAtrial Fibrillation after Cardiac Surgery - J. Steinberg (Kluwer, 2000) WW
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LanguageEnglish
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Total Pages174
Table of Contents
                            Cover
Table of Contents
1 Experimental Animal Models of Atrial Arrhythmias and Their Relevance to Post-Operative Atrial Arrhythmias that Occur in Humans Unergoing Cardiac Surgery
2 Understanding the Pathophysiology of Atrial Fibrillation from Clinical Observations
3 Incidence, Timing and Outcome of Atrial Tachyarrhythmias After Cardiac Surgery
4 Risk Factors for the Development of Postoperative Atrial Fibrillation
5 The Impact of Atrial Fibrillation on Hospital Length of Stay After Cardiac Surgery
6 Prophylactic Value of Beta Blockers
7 Antiarrhythmic Therapy to Prevent Atrial Fibrillation after Cardiac Surgery
8 Nonpharmacologic Treatment of Postoperative Atrial Fibrillation
9 Therapeutic Options for Establised or Recurrent Atrial Fibrillation - Focus on Antithrombotic Therapy
10 Atrial Fibrillation after Noncardic Surgery
Index
                        
Document Text Contents
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168 ATRIAL FIBRILLATION AFTER CARDIAC SURGERY

M

Magnesium
abnormalities oL in atrial fibrillation, 29
postoperative, 73
prophylactic, 110t, 111-112

after noncardiac surgery, 155t, 158
Mammary artery, internal, grafts for, 65
MAZE procedure, 128f, 129
Metoprolol, prophylactic, 150

clinical trials of, 97t, 103
after noncardiac surgery, 155t, 157-158

Mitral valve surgery
anti-thrombotic therapy after, 135-136,

138t
atrial fibrillation after, 22, 24f, 66

Mortality, operative, atrial tachyarrhythmia
and, 45, 45f, 154-155

Myocardial infarction
atrial fibrillation and, 31, 45, 45f, 74-75,

147

N

Nadolol, prophylactic, clinical trials of, 97t,
102

Noncardiac surgery
nonthoracic, atrial fibrillation after,

19-20, 23t, 24f, 159-161
thoracic, atrial fibrillation after, 19-20,

23t, 24f, 141-159
age and, 143-144
hospital stay and, 155
incidence of, 141-143, 142t
mechanisms of, 149-152
mortality and, 154-155
postoperative complications and,

154-155
prevention of, 105-106, 155-159, 155t
recurrence of, 155
risk factors for, 143-149, 145f
surgical factors in, 144-146, 145f
time course of, 152-153, 153f, 153t

Norepinephrine, atrial fibrillation and, 28,
57-58

P

Pacemaker
implantation of, atrial tachyarrhythmia

after, 45
prophylactic, 120-124, 122t

Bachmann's bundle, 122t, 124

with beta-blocker therapy, 1 24
biatrial, 122t, 123-124
dual-site, 122-123, 122t

Pericarditis
atrial fibrillation and, 30, 151-152
postoperative, 75

Pericardium, incision into, atrial fibrillation
and, 145-146

Potassium, postoperative, 73
Premature ventricular beats, atrial

fibrillation and, 147
Pressor agents, postoperative, 73-74
Procainamide, prophylactic, 110t, 112
Procaine, prophylactic, after noncardiac

surgery, 158
Propranolol, prophylactic, clinical trials of,

95-101,97t
P wave, duration of, 25, 61)--61, 60f

Q

Quinidine, prophylactic, after noncardiac
surgery, 155t, 158-159

R

Reentry circuit, 1-2
in atrial fibrillation, 3-4, 23-24
in atrial flutter, 2-3, 24
in atrial tachycardia, 3

Renal failure, postoperative, 75
Respiratory failure, postoperative, 75
Right ventricular afterload, atrial fibrillation

and, 152

Scar tachycardia, 3
canine crush-injury model of, 10

Sheep, atrial fibrillation in, 14
Sinoatrial nodal artery, stenosis of, 64
Sotalol, prophylactic, 110t, 112-113

T

Thoracic lymph nodes, resection of, atrial
fibrillation and, 145

Thoracoscopy, atrial fibrillation and, 146
Thyrotoxicosis, atrial fibrillation and, 149
Timolol, prophylactic, clinical trials of, 97t,

101

Page 174

ATRIAL FIBRILLATION AFTER CARDIAC SURGERY 169

Triiodothyronine supplement, after
coronary artery bypass grafting, 21

V

Vagal stimulation, in atrial fibrillation, 28
Valvular heart surgery. See also Aortic

valve replacement; Mitral valve
surgery

anti-thrombotic therapy after, 135-136,
138t

atrial tachyarrhythmias after, 41-42, 42t,
43, 66

Vena cava, inferior, cannulation of, 67
Ventricle

age related changes in, 26

left
assessment of, 61--63
venting of, 68-69

Ventricular fibrillation, postoperative atrial
tachyarrhythmia and, 45, 45f

Ventricular tachycardia, postoperative atrial
tachyarrhythmia and, 45, 45f

Verapamil, prophylactic, 110t, 111
after noncardiac surgery, 155t, 157

Volume loading, atrial effects of, 25, 31
Volume overload, atrial fibrillation and, 148,

152

W

Warfarin. See Antithrombotic therapy

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