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Table of Contents
                            AS 1418.3-1997 CRANES, HOISTS AND WINCHES - BRIDGE, GANTRY, PORTAL (INCLUDING CONTAINER CRANES) AND JIB CRANES
	PREFACE
	CONTENTS
	SECTION 1 SCOPE AND GENERAL
		1.1 SCOPE
		1.2 NEW DESIGN AND INNOVATIONS
		1.3 APPLICATION
		1.4 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS
		1.5 DEFINITIONS
			1.5.1 Container crane
		1.6 SAFETY
	SECTION 2 CLASSIFICATION AND LOAD RATING
	SECTION 3 STRUCTURE
		3.1 BASIS OF DESIGN
		3.2 SLENDERNESS RATIOS OF BRIDGE SECTION
		3.3 DEFLECTION
			3.3.1 Limits
			3.3.2 Leg spread of gantry cranes
			3.3.3 Natural frequency
			3.3.4 Lateral forces on portal cranes
			3.3.5 Camber
			3.3.6 Jib cranes
		3.4 SPAN TO WHEELBASE RATIO
	SECTION 4 STABILITY
	SECTION 5 CRANE MECHANISMS
		5.1 MECHANISMS
		5.2 MOTION LIMITS
			5.2.1 Hoisting
			5.2.2 Travel
			5.2.3 Out-of-service conditions
			5.2.4 Rail clamps
		5.3 HOISTING UNIT
			5.3.1 Wire rope
			5.3.2 Drum
			5.3.3 Retention of chain
		5.4 ATTACHMENTS FOR FREIGHT CONTAINERS
			5.4.1 General
			5.4.2 Spreader
			5.4.3 Twistlock details
		5.5 MULTIPLE HOIST/CRAB COMBINATIONS
		5.6 MULTIPLE CRANE COMBINATIONS
	SECTION 6 ACCESS FROM FIXED PLATFORMS
		6.1 ACCESS TO CRANE OPERATING POSITION
			6.1.1 General
			6.1.2 Access in hazardous environment
		6.2 ACCESS FOR SERVICING-SERVICE PLATFORMS
			6.2.1 Servicing position of crane
			6.2.2 Access for servicing
			6.2.3 Height for serviceable items
		6.3 ACCESS AND SERVICING FACILITIES
			6.3.1 Platforms, walkways, stairways and ladders
			6.3.2 Provision of access and servicing facilities
			6.3.3 Requirements of access and service facilities located on the crane
	SECTION 7 ACCESS FROM MOBILE PLATFORMS
		7.1 GENERAL
		7.2 USE OF MOBILE PLATFORM
		7.3 ACCESS FROM MOBILE PLATFORM
		7.4 ACCESS TO CRANE DRIVING POSITION
		7.5 ACCESS FOR SERVICING
			7.5.1 Servicing position of crane
			7.5.2 Access for servicing
			7.5.3 Servicing position of platform
		7.6 ACCESS AND SERVICING FACILITIES
			7.6.1 Provision of access and servicing facilities
			7.6.2 Emergency access to control cabin
		7.7 NOTICES REQUIRED WHEN USING MOBILE PLATFORMS
	SECTION 8 CLEARANCES
		8.1 HANDRAIL CLEARANCES
		8.2 CLEARANCE ABOVE CRANE OR CRAB
		8.3 CLEARANCE BELOW UNLADEN CRANE WITH POWER-DRIVEN TRAVEL OR TRAVERSE MOTION
		8.4 CLEARANCES BETWEEN CRANE AND PLATFORMS
			8.4.1 Fixed platforms
			8.4.2 Mobile platforms
		8.5 CLEARANCE AT OR NEAR A CRANE RUNWAY
		8.6 CLEARANCE BETWEEN MOVING PARTS OF A CRANE AND A PLATFORM OR WALKWAY
		8.7 CLEARANCES BETWEEN HOIST UNIT AND CRANE END CARRIAGE OR RUNWAY
	SECTION 9 ELECTRICAL ACCESS ISOLATORS
		9.1 GENERAL
		9.2 ACCESS ISOLATORS FOR ACCESS FROM FIXED PLATFORMS
			9.2.1 Hoisting motion
			9.2.2 Travel and traverse motions
		9.3 ACCESS ISOLATORS FOR ACCESS FROM MOBILE PLATFORMS
			9.3.1 Location of access isolation
		9.4 MARKING OF ACCESS ISOLATORS
	SECTION 10 SPEED LIMITATIONS FOR PENDANT-CONTROLLED CRANES
	SECTION 11 MARKING AND DATA TO BE SUPPLIED WITH CRANE
		11.1 MARKING ON CRANE
		11.2 MARKING ON LIFTING MEANS
		11.3 MANUALS
			11.3.1 General
			11.3.2 Crane operator's manual
			11.3.3 Maintenance manual
			11.3.4 Logbook
			11.3.5 Parts book
	SECTION 12 INSPECTION AND COMMISSIONING
		12.1 INSPECTION
		12.2 COMMISSIONING
			12.2.1 General
			12.2.2 Pre-operational inspection and testing
			12.2.3 No-load operation and testing
			12.2.4 Load testing
			12.2.5 Reports
	SECTION 13 GUARDING
		13.1 GENERAL
		13.2 STRENGTH
		13.3 MATERIAL
		13.4 FIXED GUARDS
		13.5 REMOVABLE GUARDS
		13.6 INSPECTION POINTS
		13.7 MARKING
		13.8 TRAVEL MOTION WHEELS
		13.9 COLOUR
	APPENDIX A - INFORMATION TO BE SUPPLIED WITH ENQUIRY, ORDER, OR TENDER
		A1 INFORMATION TO BE SUPPLIED WITH ENQUIRY OR ORDER
		A2 INFORMATION TO BE SUPPLIED WITH TENDER
	APPENDIX B - LIST OF TYPICAL HAZARDS
	APPENDIX C - ACCESS AND CLEARANCE REQUIREMENTS FOR FIXED PLATFORMS
	APPENDIX D - TYPICAL CRANE DRIVE DIAGRAMS
                        
Document Text Contents
Page 1

AS 1418.3—1997
(Incorporating Amendment Nos 1 and 2)

Australian Standard™

Cranes, hoists and winches

Part 3: Bridge, gantry, portal (including
container cranes) and jib cranes

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AS 1418.3—1997 2

PREFACE

This edition of this Standard was prepared by the Joint Standards Australia/Standards
New Zealand Committee ME/5, Cranes, to supersede AS 1418.3—1990.

This Standard is a result of consensus among representatives of the Joint Committee to
produce it as an Australian Standard.

This Standard incorporates Amendment No. 1 (Sept. 1998) and No. 2 (June 2002). The
changes required by the Amendment are indicated in the text by a marginal bar and
amendment number against the clause, note, table, figure or part thereof affected.

This edition incorporates the following changes:

(a) The format has been revised in accordance with Standard Australia's procedures.

(b) The content has been amended to allow for the new edition of AS 1418.1, Cranes
(including hoists and winches) Part 1: General requirements, published in 1994, and
for ISO developments.

(c) An appendix has been added showing clearances required between the cranes and
fixed elements.

(d) The appendix on ‘Statutory Approval’ has been removed in response to the changing
role of regulatory organizations.

(e) Items specific to safe use issues have been removed. These will be included in a
dedicated part of AS 2550, Safe use of cranes.

(f) Editorial changes.

The terms ‘normative’ and ‘informative’ have been used in this Standard to define the
application of the appendix to which they apply. A ‘normative’ appendix is an integral part
of a Standard, whereas an 'informative' appendix is only for information and guidance.

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AS 1418.3—19973

CONTENTS

Page

SECTION 1 SCOPE AND GENERAL
1.1 SCOPE......................................................................................................................... 5
1.2 NEW DESIGN AND INNOVATIONS........................................................................ 5
1.3 APPLICATION ........................................................................................................... 5
1.4 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS................................................................................... 5
1.5 DEFINITIONS............................................................................................................. 6
1.6 SAFETY ...................................................................................................................... 6

SECTION 2 CLASSIFICATION AND LOAD RATING......................................................... 7

SECTION 3 STRUCTURE
3.1 BASIS OF DESIGN..................................................................................................... 7
3.2 SLENDERNESS RATIOS OF BRIDGE SECTION .................................................... 7
3.3 DEFLECTION............................................................................................................. 7
3.4 SPAN TO WHEELBASE RATIO ............................................................................... 8

SECTION 4 STABILITY......................................................................................................... 8

SECTION 5 CRANE MECHANISMS
5.1 MECHANISMS........................................................................................................... 9
5.2 MOTION LIMITS ....................................................................................................... 9
5.3 HOISTING UNIT ...................................................................................................... 10
5.4 ATTACHMENTS FOR FREIGHT CONTAINERS .................................................. 10
5.5 MULTIPLE HOIST/CRAB COMBINATIONS......................................................... 11
5.6 MULTIPLE CRANE COMBINATIONS................................................................... 11

SECTION 6 ACCESS FROM FIXED PLATFORMS
6.1 ACCESS TO CRANE OPERATING POSITION ...................................................... 12
6.2 ACCESS FOR SERVICING—SERVICE PLATFORMS .......................................... 12
6.3 ACCESS AND SERVICING FACILITIES ............................................................... 13

SECTION 7 ACCESS FROM MOBILE PLATFORMS
7.1 GENERAL................................................................................................................. 18
7.2 USE OF MOBILE PLATFORM................................................................................ 18
7.3 ACCESS FROM MOBILE PLATFORM................................................................... 18
7.4 ACCESS TO CRANE DRIVING POSITION............................................................ 18
7.5 ACCESS FOR SERVICING...................................................................................... 18
7.6 ACCESS AND SERVICING FACILITIES ............................................................... 19
7.7 NOTICES REQUIRED WHEN USING MOBILE PLATFORMS............................. 19

SECTION 8 CLEARANCES
8.1 HANDRAIL CLEARANCES .................................................................................... 20
8.2 CLEARANCE ABOVE CRANE OR CRAB ............................................................. 20
8.3 CLEARANCE BELOW UNLADEN CRANE WITH POWER-DRIVEN

TRAVEL OR TRAVERSE MOTION........................................................................ 20
8.4 CLEARANCES BETWEEN CRANE AND PLATFORMS....................................... 20
8.5 CLEARANCE AT OR NEAR A CRANE RUNWAY ............................................... 21
8.6 CLEARANCE BETWEEN MOVING PARTS OF A CRANE AND A

PLATFORM OR WALKWAY.................................................................................. 21

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Page 6

AS 1418.3—1997 4

Page
8.7 CLEARANCES BETWEEN HOIST UNIT AND CRANE END CARRIAGE

OR RUNWAY........................................................................................................... 21

SECTION 9 ELECTRICAL ACCESS ISOLATORS
9.1 GENERAL................................................................................................................. 22
9.2 ACCESS ISOLATORS FOR ACCESS FROM FIXED PLATFORMS ..................... 22
9.3 ACCESS ISOLATORS FOR ACCESS FROM MOBILE PLATFORMS .................. 22
9.4 MARKING OF ACCESS ISOLATORS .................................................................... 23

SECTION 10 SPEED LIMITATIONS FOR PENDANT-CONTROLLED CRANES .............. 24

SECTION 11 MARKING AND DATA TO BE SUPPLIED WITH CRANE
11.1 MARKING ON CRANE............................................................................................ 25
11.2 MARKING ON LIFTING MEANS ........................................................................... 25
11.3 MANUALS................................................................................................................ 26

SECTION 12 INSPECTION AND COMMISSIONING
12.1 INSPECTION ............................................................................................................ 28
12.2 COMMISSIONING ................................................................................................... 28

SECTION 13 GUARDING
13.1 GENERAL................................................................................................................. 30
13.2 STRENGTH .............................................................................................................. 30
13.3 MATERIAL............................................................................................................... 30
13.4 FIXED GUARDS ...................................................................................................... 30
13.5 REMOVABLE GUARDS.......................................................................................... 30
13.6 INSPECTION POINTS ............................................................................................. 30
13.7 MARKING ................................................................................................................ 30
13.8 TRAVEL MOTION WHEELS .................................................................................. 30
13.9 COLOUR................................................................................................................... 30

APPENDICES
A INFORMATION TO BE SUPPLIED WITH ENQUIRY, ORDER, OR TENDER .... 31
B LIST OF TYPICAL HAZARDS................................................................................ 36
C ACCESS AND CLEARANCE REQUIREMENTS FOR FIXED PLATFORMS....... 38
D TYPICAL CRANE DRIVE DIAGRAMS.................................................................. 24A1

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Page 7

AS 1418.3—1997

www.standards.com.au © Standards Australia

5

STANDARDS AUSTRALIA

Australian Standard

Cranes, hoists and winches

Part 3: Bridge, gantry, portal (including container cranes) and jib cranes

S E C T I O N 1 S C O P E A N D G E N E R A L

1.1 SCOPE

This Standard sets out requirements for bridge, gantry, semi-gantry, and portal cranes
defined in AS 2549. It also covers container and heavy-duty cranes.

It is complementary to AS 1418.1, but the requirements given herein take precedence over
corresponding requirements in that Standard.

NOTES:

1 Guidance on information to be supplied with enquiry, order, or tender is given in
Appendix A.

2 Additional requirement for heavy duty cranes are given in AS 1418.14.

1.2 NEW DESIGN AND INNOVATIONS

This Standard does not preclude the use of materials, designs, methods of assembly,
procedures and the like which do not comply with a specific requirement of the Standard, or
are not mentioned in it, but which can be shown to give equivalent or superior results to
those specified.

1.3 APPLICATION

Cranes using fixed platforms for servicing shall comply with Sections 1 to 6 and 8 to 13
inclusive. Cranes using mobile platforms for servicing shall comply with Sections 1 to 5
and 7 to 13 inclusive.

NOTE: Throughout this Standard the ‘servicing’ implies routine servicing only (i.e. does not
include crane breakdowns).

1.4 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS

The following documents are referred to in this Standard:

AS
1000 The International System of Units (SI) and its application

1318 Use of colour for the marking of physical hazards and the identification of
certain equipment in industry (known as the SAA Industrial Safety Colour
Code)

1418 SAA Crane Code
1418.1 Part 1: General requirements
1418.10 Part 10: Elevating work platforms
1418.14 Part 14: Cranes subject to arduous working duties

1576 SAA Metal Scaffolding Code

1657 SAA Code for fixed platforms, walkways, stairways, and ladders

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