Download Arabic Maqamaat PDF

TitleArabic Maqamaat
TagsMusical Notation Elements Of Music Performing Arts Musical Compositions Pitch (Music)
File Size1.9 MB
Total Pages88
Document Text Contents
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for the first time in the treatises written in the

fourteenth century by Al-Sheikh Al-

Safadi andAbdulqadir Al-Maraghi, and has since

then been used as a technical term in Arabic

music. The maqam is a modal structure that

characterizes the art of music of countries in

North Africa, the Near East and Central Asia. In

this area we can distinguish three main musical

cultures which all belong to the modal family,

namely the Turkish, the Greek, the Persian and

the Arabic.

A strong similarity exists between these three

families in which the same modal structure is

known as Makam in Turkish music, Dastgah in

Persian music, Mugam in Azerbaijan, Meqam in

Kurdish music, Makam in Assyrian

music, Shash Maqom in Uzbek music
and Muqam in Uyghur music.

The maqam was preceded by seven centuries,

by the Dastgah of Persia, developed by Barbod.

Many Arabic maqams can trace their names to

the Persian language,

e.g. Nikriz, Farahfaza, Suzidil, Suznak,

Rast, Sikah (from Se-

Gah), Jiharkah (from Chehar-Gah)

and Nairuz (from Nowruz). The reverse is also

true, with Persian Goosheh names taken from

Arabic, e.g. Hejaz (from Hijaz), Hoseynî (from

Husseini), Oshshagh (from 'Ushshaq) and Hodi.

Similarly, many Arabic maqam names come from

the Turkish Makam, such as Sultani

Yekah, Buselik and Bastanikar, while the

following Turkish Makamnames trace their origin


Arabic: Hiçāz, Irak, Huseyni, Sűnbűle and Uşşak.

Tuning system

Arabic maqams are based on a musical scale of 7

notes that repeats at the octave.

Some maqams have 2 or more alternative scales

(e.g. Rast, Nahawand and Hijaz). Maqam scales

in traditional Arabic music are microtonal, not

based on a twelve-tone equal-tempered musical

tuning system, as is the case in modern Western

Music. Most maqam scales include a perfect fifth

or a perfect fourth (or both), and all octaves are

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