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AN EXPLORATORY STUDY ON LIFESTYLE AND ITS CONTRIBUTION

TO PERSONAL VICTIMIZATION AMONG STUDENTS AT UNIVERSITY

OF FORT HARE IN ALICE CAMPUS.

By

Yanga Yandisa Vaphi

Student number: 200901242

Submitted for the partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree

of

Masters of Social Science in Criminology

Department of Criminology

Faculty of Social Science and Humanities

at the

University of Fort Hare

Alice

SUPERVISOR: MR F.M. MANGANYI

CO-SUPERVISOR: PROF J. BARKHUIZEN

SEPTEMBER 2016

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comprised of respondents that are full-time employees and they are part-time

students. Occupational status of the students is illustrated in figure 4.5.1 below

FIGURE 4.5.1 OCCUPATIONAL STATUS OF THE RESPONDENTS

SECTION B (THE COTRIBUTION OF LIFESTYLE TO PERSONAL

VICTIMIZATION)

4.6 The contribution of lifestyle to personal victimization

Most of the respondents strongly agreed that student lifestyle does contribute to

personal victimization. A significant body of literature exists addressing the

relationship between alcohol and violent crime, leading to some strong benefits

concerning the association of drinking and criminal victimization and offending

(Mustaine, 1998).

0%

10%

20%

30%

40%

50%

60%

70%

80%

Occupational status of the respondents

Percentages of the respondents

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As alcohol consumption increases among university students, so does the

likelihood of suffering a personal attack. It is both the physiological and social

effects of alcohol that bring about the increased risk of victimization (Mustaine,

1998). The above paragraph can be associated with reports of personal

victimization to the campus control (security office) due to alcohol consumption

when there is an event at the University of Fort Hare

The contribution of lifestyle to personal victimization is illustrated in table 4.6.1

to 4.6.4 below

Source: Survey Data 2014

Table 4.6.1

Questions Responses

1. Student lifestyle contribute to

personal victimization.

Strongly

agree

Tend

to

agree

Neither

agree

nor

disagree

Tend to

disagree

Strongly

disagree

Percentage of the respondents 65% 19% 10% 5% 1%

Total Percentage 100%

The majority of participants strongly agreed that student’s lifestyle leads to

victimization, while other reported that they neither agree nor disagree. Mustaine

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these questions but we ask that you try to think about these questions. When it

comes to answering questions there are no right and wrong answers. When we

ask questions about the futurewe are not interested in what you think the best

thing would be to do, but what you think would actually happen. ( adapt for

individual circumstances)

If possible, our organization would like to come back to this area once we have

completed our study to inform you and your communityof what the results are

and discuss our findings and proposals around the research and what this means

for people in this area.

INFORMED CONSENT

I hereby agree to participate in research regarding … An Exploratory study on

lifestyle and its contribution to personal victimization among students

at University of Fort Hare in Alice campus … I understand that I am

participating freely and without being forced in any way to do so. I also

understand that I can stop this interview at any point should I not want to

continueand that this decision will not in any way affect me negatively.

I understand that this is a research project whose purpose is not necessarily to

benefit me personally.

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156

I have received the telephone number of a person to contact should I need to

speak about any issues which may arise in this interview.

I understand that this consent form will not be linked to the questionnaire, and

that my answers will remain confidential.

I understand that if at all possible, feedback will be given to my community on

the results of the completed research.

……………………………..

Signature of participant Date: ….……………..

I hereby agree to the tape recording of my participation in the study

……………………………..

Signature of participant Date: …………………..

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