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TitleAmbient Assisted Living: Italian Forum 2014
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Table of Contents
Part I Models and Algorithms for AAL
A Quality Model for Service Delivery in AAL and AT Provision
	1 Quality in Service Delivery for AAL and AT Solutions Provision: Reference Scenario
	2 The Proposed Model
	3 The Experimentation of the Proposed Model: Quality Measurement Activities
		3.1 Data Analysis
	4 Results
		4.1 Satisfaction with Service Delivery and the Solution
		4.2 Effectiveness of Recommended Solutions
	5 Conclusions
Pedestrian Simulation: Considering Elderlies in the Models and in the Simulation Results
	1 Introduction
	2 A Discrete Model with Heterogeneous Speeds
		2.1 Special Objects of the Environment
		2.2 Presence of a Caretaker
	3 A Proposal for Social Costs Analysis
	4 Conclusions and Future Works
User-Oriented Services Based on Sensor Data
	1 Introduction
	2 The GiraffPlus System Functionalities
	3 Managing Sensor Data to Synthesize Additional Information
	4 User Interaction Services
		4.1 The @Office Environment
		4.2 The @Home Environment
	5 Conclusion
Investments and Sustainability of Public Expenditure in the Health Sector
	1 Introduction
	2 The Health Care System and the Main Areas of Digital Innovation
	3 Relationship Between ICT and Human Health Services in Economic National Account
	4 Dynamic CGE: The Economic Impact on ICT Through Human Health Services Demand
	5 Conclusion
Design Adaptable and Adaptive User Interfaces: A Method to Manage the Information
	1 Introduction
	2 Research Background
		2.1 Adaptive & Adaptable User Interfaces
		2.2 Advantages and Disadvantages of the Principal Types of Interface
	3 Design an Adaptive User Interface
	4 Proposed Method: Adaptive Management Interface
	5 Conclusions and Future Developments
Part II Sensing Technologies for AAL
Predicting Freezing of Gait in Parkinson’s Disease with a Smartphone: Comparison Between Two Algorithms
	1 Introduction
	2 Materials and Methods
		2.1 Data Processing
		2.2 Subjects’ Recruitment
		2.3 Experimental Assessment Protocol
	3 Results
	4 Discussion and Future Work
A Wireless Sensor Insole to Collect and Analyse Gait Data in Real Environment: The WIISEL Project
	1 Introduction
	2 Prototype Components
		2.1 Integrated Insole System
			2.1.1 Sensors Layer
			2.1.2 Electronics Layer
		2.2 Wireless Communications
		2.3 Power System
		2.4 Smartphone Application
		2.5 Data Analysis Platform
	3 Clinical Validation
		3.1 Participants
		3.2 Pilot Study Phase
			3.2.1 Structured Environment
			3.2.2 Home Environment
		3.3 Validation Study Phase
	4 Impacts Expected from the Project
MuSA: Wearable Multi Sensor Assistant for Human Activity Recognition and Indoor Localization
	1 Introduction
	2 MuSA
	3 Human Activity Recognition
	4 Indoor Localization
	5 Results and Conclusions
Tools for Behavior Monitoring: An Ambient Assisted Living Real Experience
	1 Introduction
	2 Methods
	3 Results
	4 Conclusions
Integration of Real-Time Metabolic Rate Measurement in a Low-Cost Tool for the Thermal Comfort Monitoring in AAL Environments
	1 Introduction
	2 Materials and Methods
		2.1 Description of the Thermal Comfort Monitoring System
		2.2 Methodology for the Continuous Metabolic Rate Estimation
	3 Validation
		3.1 HR Measurement: Comparison to Reference System
		3.2 Metabolic Rate Methodologies Comparison
		3.3 Integration with the Complete Monitoring System
	4 Conclusions
Wearable Sensors for Human Movement Monitoring in Biomedical Applications: Case Studies
	1 Introduction
	2 Wearable Sensor Characteristics
		2.1 Instrumented Glove for Finger Movement Monitoring
		2.2 Instrumented Vest for Evaluating Classical Human Movements
		2.3 Instrumented T-Shirt for Posture Monitoring
	3 Discussions and Conclusions
A Near Field Communication-Based Platform for Mobile Ambient Assisted Living Applications
	1 Introduction
	2 Near Field Communication Technology in Healthcare
	3 Hardware Architecture for Clinical Signs Measurement
	4 Open-Based Firmware for Temperature Monitoring
	5 Conclusion
Domestic Monitoring of Respiration and Movement by an Electromagnetic Sensor
	1 Introduction
	2 The Frequency Sweep Technique
	3 Respiration Rate and Movement Non-contact Detection
	4 Discussion and Conclusion
Part III Assistive Devices
An AAL Adaptive User Interface to Support Frail People in Manufacturing
	1 Introduction
	2 Research Background
	3 The Research Methodology for AUI
	4 The Industrial Case Study
		4.1 The TAALM Project
		4.2 Method Application in Machine Tool Sector
			4.2.1 User Frailty Classification and Needs Identification
			4.2.2 QFD-Based Correlation for Interface Adaptation
			4.2.3 The AUI Prototype
	5 Conclusions
Electromagnetic Technologies as Travel Aids for Visually Impaired Subjects
	1 Introduction
	2 A Preliminary Experimental Study
	3 The Electromagnetic Cane
	4 Athlete Guiding System for Marathon Race
	5 Discussions
	6 Conclusions
Evacuation Aid for Elderly in Care Homes and Hospitals: An Interactive System for Reducing Pre-movement Time in Case of Fire
	1 Introduction
	2 Phases, System Architecture and Evaluation
		2.1 Phases
		2.2 System Architecture and Evaluation
	3 Results
		3.1 Noticed Pre-movement Time Behaviors
		3.2 Design of the Interactive System
		3.3 Technological Requirements Evaluation
		3.4 Evaluation of Evacuation Time Reduction
	4 Conclusions
RESIMA—An Assistive System for Visual Impaired in Indoor Environment
	1 Introduction
	2 A System Overview
	3 The UEI and UEC Tools: Implementation and Experimental Assessment
	4 Routing Algorithm
	5 Conclusion
An Electronic Cane with a Haptic Interface for Mobility Tasks
	1 Introduction
	2 The Developed Prototype
	3 The DetectionStimulation Paradigm
	4 Experimental Tests
	5 Conclusions
A System to Promote Walking for the Elderly and Empower Tourism: The Sweet Mobility Project
	1 Introduction
	2 The System Architecture and Its Features
		2.1 Development Methodology
		2.2 Scenarios
	3 State of the Art
	4 Planned Experimentation Stages
IR-UWB for Ambient Assisted Living Applications
	1 Introduction
	2 Exploiting IR-UWB for AAL
		2.1 Accurate Ranging and Positioning
		2.2 Low Energy Consumed and Low RF Power Radiation
		2.3 Radar Imaging
	3 IR-UWB Front-End Design
		3.1 IR-UWB: Interferers Scenario
		3.2 Low Nosie Amplifier Design
		3.3 Mixer Design
		3.4 PLL-Based Frequency Synthesizer Design
	4 Conclusion
Adaptive Reminders in an Ambient Assisted Living Environment
	1 Introduction
	2 Related Works
	3 The GiraffPlus Concept
	4 An Adaptive Reminder for GiraffPlus
		4.1 User Modelling and Timelines
		4.2 Modulating Reminders
	5 Conclusions
Part IV Smart Housing
Advanced Solutions to Support Daily Life of People Affected by the Down Syndrome
	1 Introduction
	2 Casa + Project Overview
		2.1 Casa + Facilities
		2.2 Casa + Technology
	3 System Architecture
	4 Results
	5 Conclusions
Localization and Identification of a Person in an Indoor Environment Using a Low-Cost ZigBee Based Gateway System
	1 Introduction
	2 The Gateway System
	3 Detection Experiments
	4 Identification Experiments
	5 Multiple Gateways Experiments
	6 Conclusions
An Ontology Designed for Supporting an AAL Experience in the Framework of the FOOD Project
	1 Introduction
	2 The GOALS of the Ontology Design
		2.1 Tools for the Design of Ontologies
	3 The Designed Ontology
	4 Results: From Ontology to Database
	5 Conclusion and Discussion
An Integrated Approach to the Well-Being of the Elderly People at Home
	1 Introduction
	2 ICT Tool Acceptability
	3 Monitoring and Evaluation of Wellness Status
		3.1 Natural Language Processing and Cognitive Impairment
		3.2 The MotorCognitive Analysis
	4 Conclusions an Further Work
Smart Object and Smart House for Ambient Assisted Living: Design Concept
	1 Introduction
	2 Green Smart House Design System
	3 Smart Object: Design Concept
	4 Green Smart House System and Smart Objects: Implementation of Integrated Systems for Control
Part V Elderly People Monitoring
ADL Detection for the Active Ageing of Elderly People
	1 Introduction
	2 The Developed Classification Algorithms
		2.1 Signature Extraction Procedure
		2.2 The Classification Methodology
		2.3 The Threshold Based Classification Algorithm
		2.4 The PCA Based Classification Algorithm
	3 Conclusions
Comparison of RGB-D Mapping Solutions for Application to Food Intake Monitoring
	1 Introduction
	2 Mapping Solutions
		2.1 Kinect RGB-D Mapping Tools
	3 Performances Evaluation
		3.1 Comparison Algorithm
		3.2 Results Analysis
	4 Application to Food Intake
	5 Conclusion
[email protected]: Methodology, Goals and Project Experimentation Activities
	1 Introduction
	2 Development Methodology and Main System Features
		2.1 The ICT Platform
		2.2 Scenarios
			2.2.1 Android Application for Subjective Pain Measurement
			2.2.2 Monitoring of Elderly Cardiac Patients
	3 Experimentation Process
	4 Conclusion
Combining EEG and EMG Signals in a Wireless System for Preventing Fall in Neurodegenerative Diseases
	1 Introduction
	2 Voluntary and Involuntary Movements
	3 Experimental Results: BP Detection
	4 Wireless Monitoring and Control of the Movement
		4.1 WBAN: Sensor Node Architecture
		4.2 RFID Transceiver and WAN
	5 Conclusions
AAL Technologies for Independent Life of Elderly People
	1 Introduction
	2 Study and Analysis of Elderly People Needs
	3 AAL Technologies to Support the Independent Living
		3.1 Physical and Psychological Well-Being
		3.2 Sociality
		3.3 Mobility
		3.4 Environmental and Personal Safety
	4 General Requirements of AAL Technologies
		4.1 Design for AAL
		4.2 Low Invasivity and Privacy
		4.3 Simplicity of Use
		4.4 Integrability with Existing Environments
	5 Functional Requirements and Limit of Use of Selected Technologies
		5.1 Personal Robots
		5.2 Assistive Wheelchairs
		5.3 Personal Monitoring
		5.4 Fall Detection
		5.5 Assistive Domotics
	6 Conclusions
Part VI Living with Chronic Conditions
Giving Voice to Images: Audio Description and Visual Impairment: Technological Solutions and Methodological Choices
	1 Cultural Policies for Inclusion and Accessibility
	2 AD: Characteristics and Aims
	3 AD: Educational Potentialities
	4 Implementig AD: Technological Approaches and Methodological Differences
	5 Conclusion: The Power of Words
Metabolink: m-Health Solution Enabling Patient-Centered Care and Empowerment for Well-Being and Active Ageing
	1 Background
	2 Metabolink
		2.1 Functionalities for Patients
		2.2 Functionalities for Doctors
		2.3 Mobile Assistance for Home Care
		2.4 Comparison with the State of the Art
	3 Future Work
	4 Conclusions
	References Low-Cost Brain Computer Interface Methods for AAL Scenarios
	1 Introduction
	2 Overview on EEG-based BCI Technology
	3 A Tour of Based on a Worked Example
		3.1 Analog Front End
		3.2 SSVEP Signal Processing
	4 Conclusions
Alzheimer Patient’s Home Rehabilitation Through ICT Advanced Technologies: The ALTRUISM Project
	1 Introduction
	2 Design Methodology and System Structure
		2.1 System Architecture and the Virtual Personal Trainer
	3 Experimentation Stages and Initial Results
		3.1 Preliminary Analysis Stage
		3.2 Impact and Initial Results
	4 Conclusions
Smart Environments and Systems for Maintaining Health and Independent Living: The FARSEEING and CuPiD Projects
	1 Introduction
	2 Methods
		2.1 Stimuli Provision
		2.2 Long-Term Monitoring
		2.3 TrainingRehabilitation at Home
		2.4 Exergames
		2.5 Functional Assessment
		2.6 Telemedical Service
	3 Discussion and Conclusions
Design of a Secure Habitat for an Enhanced Long Living: Case Study S.H.E.L.L Project
	1 Introduction
	2 Research and Analysis on the Status of the Art
	3 Design Stages
	4 Application Scenarios and End Use
	5 Smart Device Design Process
		5.1 Functional Prototype
		5.2 First Prototype—Concept
		5.3 Second Prototype—Test
		5.4 Product Design Concept
	6 Environmental Device
	7 Docking Station and Tablet Location
	8 System Interfaces Specifications
	9 Conclusion
Neurophysiological and Behavioural Variables in Cognitive Impairment: Towards a Personalised Monitoring System
	1 Introduction
	2 The Sleep Importance
	3 Surface Electromyography Study and Remote Monitoring
	4 Olfactory Tests
	5 The FP7 SensorART Experience
	6 Pharmacological Perspective
	7 Conclusions
ALPHA: an eAsy inteLligent service Platform for Healthy Ageing
	1 Introduction
	2 Related Works
		2.1 ALPHA Contribution
	3 Abnormal Behaviors
		3.1 Anxiety
		3.2 Wandering
		3.3 Sleeping Disorders
	4 Proposed Approach in ALPHA Project
	5 Software Architecture
	6 Conclusion
GOJI an Advanced Virtual Environment Supporting Training of Physical and Cognitive Activities to Prevent Dementia Occurrence in Elderly with Minor Cognitive Disorders
	1 Introduction: The Goji Project
	2 Visuo-Spatial Impairment in AD
	3 Design and Implementation of GOJI Environment
		3.1 Training at Market & Virtual Shopping
		3.2 Go to Market & Virtual Cycling
	4 Design and Implementation of GOJI Environment
	5 Conclusions and Further Development
Training and Retraining Motor Functions at Home with the Help of Current Technology for Video Games: Basis for the Project
	1 Introduction
	2 Materials and Methods
	3 Results
	4 Discussion and Future Work
Low Cost RGB-D Vision Based System to Support Motor Disabilities Rehabilitation at Home
	1 Introduction
	2 System Configuration
		2.1 Hardware
		2.2 Software
	3 Exercises Recognition
	4 Online Supporting Algorithm
	5 Experiment and Results Discussion
		5.1 Exercises Execution Results
	6 Conclusions and Future Works
Part VII Robotic Assistance for the Elderly
Design of Cloud Robotic Services for Senior Citizens to Improve Independent Living and Personal Health Management
	1 Introduction
	2 From Service Robotics to Cloud Service Robotics
	3 Proposed Services
	4 System Architecture Description
		4.1 System Hardware
		4.2 System SaaS
		4.3 Web Interface
	5 Application Scenario
	6 Evaluation Metrics
	7 Results
	8 Conclusion and Future Work
OMNIAROBOCARE: A Robotic System to Ease Loneliness and Foster Socialization
	1 Introduction
		2.1 The ICT Robotic Platform
	3 Developed Methodology and Subject Population
		3.1 Scenarios
	4 Conclusion
A Smart Walking Assistant for Safe Navigation in Complex Indoor Environments
	1 Introduction
	2 Functional and Architectural Overview
	3 Localisation and Position Tracking
	4 Route Planning
	5 Guidance Mechanism
	6 Experimental Results
	7 Conclusions and Ongoing Work
Robot Interface Design: The Giraff Telepresence Robot for Social Interaction
	1 Introduction
	2 Workshop on Robot Interface Design
	3 Contributions and New Scenarios
	4 Shape, Functions and Socialisation
	5 Context of Use
	6 Shared Design: Shared Design Proposals
	7 Conclusions
Document Text Contents
Page 1

Biosystems & Biorobotics

Bruno Andò
Pietro Siciliano
Vincenzo Marletta
Andrea Monteriù Editors

Italian Forum 2014

Page 2

Biosystems & Biorobotics

Series editor

Eugenio Guglielmelli, Campus Bio-Medico University of Rome, Rome, Italy
e-mail: [email protected]

Editorial Board

Dino Accoto, Campus Bio-Medico University of Rome, Rome, Italy
Sunil Agrawal, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA
Fabio Babiloni, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy
Jose M. Carmena, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
Maria Chiara Carrozza, Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, Pisa, Italy
Paolo Dario, Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, Pisa, Italy
Arturo Forner-Cordero, University of Sao Paolo, São Paulo, Brazil
Masakatsu G. Fujie, Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan
Nicolas Garcia, Miguel Hernández University of Elche, Elche, Spain
Neville Hogan, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
Hermano Igo Krebs, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
Dirk Lefeber, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium
Rui Loureiro, Middlesex University, London, UK
Marko Munih, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia
Paolo M. Rossini, University Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome, Italy
Atsuo Takanishi, Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan
Russell H. Taylor, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
David A. Weitz, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
Loredana Zollo, Campus Bio-Medico University of Rome, Rome, Italy

Page 247

243Advanced Solutions to Support Daily Life of People …

4 Results

The overall technological system has been set up in an apartment located in
L’Aquila. This is used by an association for people affected by the Down syn-
drome in order to allow them to make autonomous residential experiences. In par-
ticular the guests are all adults and they join the experience in small groups of
four people. The first attempts have been carried on during weekends under the
supervision of two educators that are in charge of allowing the guests to act as
autonomously as possible. Although the project is just at the beginning, the tests
results, so far, are very positive for everyone. Indeed the educators expressed their
satisfaction in seeing the guests becoming very friendly with technological facili-
ties and guests, on their side, are very enthusiastic. Concerning the technological
aspects improvements and variations are introduced every time this is required by
educators basing on guests responses.

5 Conclusions

In this paper we presented the Casa + project. This is addressed to people affected
by the Down syndrome with the aim of helping them to increase awareness of
their potentialities and independence. We described the equipped apartment for
autonomous residential experience and went through technological facilities pro-
viding for security systems, time management, assistance for daily activities,
monitoring and remote control, outdoor tracking. It has to be stressed that tech-
nology can not be useful if a proper education path is not followed, together with
the introduction of technological aids. Moreover it is important for the users to
positively perceive the innovative supply, which is the first step to be reached in
order to increase confidence in their potentialities as well as maintaining individ-
uals’ freedom. The project is not yet concluded and although we achieved good
results basing on educators experience, we think that Casa + will be successful
only when its users will be able to reduce the use of technological aids due to their
increased awareness and independence. We are currently moving the focus from
the web to the mobile world, by redesigning applications for smartphones and tab-
lets to take advantages from all the capabilities of those devices, with the aim of
providing each user with a personal and customized smartdevice.

Acknowledgment This work is partially supported by Vodafone Foundation. We would like
to remark the irreplaceable help and sustain we gathered by educators and responsible persons
of AIPD (Italian Association for People affected by the Down syndrome) of L’Aquila that
represented the fundamental interface to understand the need of people affected by the Down
syndrome, to guide the technological choices and to adapt to continuously arising needs.

Page 248

244 R. Alesii et al.


1. Fp6., 2002–2006
2. Website, 2011.
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2009), Cairo, Egypt, Nov 2009)

4. Gualdi, G., Prati, A., Cucchiara, R., Ardizzone, E., La Cascia, M., Lo Presti, L., Morana, M.:
Enabling technologies on hybrid camera networks for behavioral analysis of unattended
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for inclusive education. Int. J. Special Educ. 23(3): p. 2-11 (2008)

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In the field of Human Centered Robotic Design, the project acquires the definition
of a process in which a role is played by designers, engineers, computer scientists,
psychologists and other experts from various fields [7]. They work together as a team,
to create a final product that will be the result of their shared inputs and opinions.

The new general assets of the robot created in this study aim to achieve a
homogenous shape, coherent functions, organicity and recognisability.

This is achieved by equipping the robot with different tools to provide a tai-
lored service so that the robot will place the user at the centre of its attention.

Nowadays, making a project means confronting this kind of complexity and
managing it with a structured methodology, where different competences concur
to reach a shared goal. The experience of the Robot Interface Design Workshop
has been extremely positive. In these 3 days it was possible to gather different
points of view and analyse the issues with the product.

Meeting with the elderly participants was a fundamental step to establish the
concrete needs and perceptions of potential users and the interviews were particu-
larly valuable and allowed us to focus and gather their opinions on the integration
between the Robot and the domestic environment. When working with the elderly,
it is essential to take into account their emotional and social needs and Giraff
should be used to stimulate self-care and an active net of relations, so that the user
can keep psychophysically healthy.

Giraff is able to create a net of external contacts in order to bring the world at
home to the user. The robot can be used to simplify day-to-day activities by pro-
viding several online services, for example the function of online payment from
home, thus avoiding any inconvenience to the user.

The new elderly are becoming more acquainted with technology, showing a new
proactive openness. This supports the prediction that elderly users will not immedi-
ately dismiss the robot but on the contrary they will be able to see its potentials. For
this reason users are useful to prompt possible improvements of the robotic platforms.

During the workshop one of main concerns was that these platforms should not
substitute the individual—they should empower the relationships between the differ-
ent parties (friends, family members, caretakers, etc.) but without taking the place of
the user within these human relationships. Human contact should be kept direct.

However, the sense of safety a robot provides to the elderly user was instantly
acknowledged, especially because the robot is programmed to monitor and assist
its user.

To complete the object from a functional point of view and to make it “emo-
tionally accessible” it is fundamental to focus on telepresence as much as possible.


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ISBN 9788860556707

2. Casiddu, N.: Il Valore dell’Accessibilita’—Contributi per la progettazione residenziale.
FrancoAngeli, Milano (2008). ISBN 9788856802450

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4. Thackara, J.: In the Bubble. Designing in a Complex World. MIT Press, London (2005). ISBN

5. Spadolini, M.B.: Design for Better Life. Longevita’: Scenari e Strategie. FrancoAngeli,
Milano (2013). ISBN: 9788820421229

6. Coradeschi, S., Cesta, A., Cortellessa, G., Coraci, L., Gonzalez, J., Karlsson, L., Furfari, F.,
Loutfi, A., Orlandini, A., Palumbo, F., Pecora, F., von Rump, S., Stimec, A., Ullberg, J., Ostlund,
B.: GiraffPlus: Combining social interaction and long term monitoring for promoting independ-
ent living. In: HSI: 6th International Conference on Human System Interaction (2013)

7. Cesta, A., Coradeschi, S., Cortellessa, C., Gonzalez, J., Tiberio, L., Von Rump, S.: Enabling
social interaction through embodiment in ExCITE. In: Second Italian forum on Ambient
Assisted Living, Trento, Italy (2010)

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