Download Acholi Language Manual - Live Lingua PDF

TitleAcholi Language Manual - Live Lingua
LanguageEnglish
File Size6.0 MB
Total Pages259
Table of Contents
                            Unit 1:  Mot                (Greetings)
Communicative tasks:
HIV/AIDS:
Safety and Security:
Grammar:
Culture:
Learning to learn:
A:  Moto ngat acel                       (Greeting one person)
Lok manyen
(New words)
Subject Prefixes
Interrogatives
Safety
Culture Note
B:  Moto dano mapol                                   (Greeting more than one person)
Lok manyen
Culture Note
Pronunciation
C: Informal Greetings
Lok manyen
Lok manyen
Pronunciatiyon
Culture
Note
Community
Unit 2:  Introducing self and others
Overview:
Communicative tasks:
HIV/AIDS:
Grammar:
Culture:
Learning to learn:
Lok manyen
Culture Note
B:  Iaa ki kwene?               (Where are you from?)
	C:  Tic                           (Professions)
Lok manyen
Lok manyen
Verb Infinitive
	The infinitive verbs in Acholi are marked by the suffix -o
Syllables
Separate Personal Pronouns
	Lok manyen
E:  Dano ma i kin gang ki tic ma gin timo                       (People in a Community and their work)
Lok manyen
Lok manyen
Far Future Tense
Lok manyen
Use of 'Wek'
F:  Tic mokene mapatpat                               (More Professions)
Lok manyen
Near Past(Yesterday)Tense
Lok manyen
Unit 3: Foods
Overview:
Communicative tasks:
HIV/AIDS:
Safety and Security:
Grammar:
Culture:
Learning to learn :
A:  Cam                                           (Foods)
Lok manyen
Lok manyen
Lok manyen
Personal health
Interrogatives:
Culture Note
B:   Likes and Dislikes
Lok manyen
Gerunds
C:  Cam ki jami me tedo                            (Eating and cooking utensils)
Lok manyen
Culture Note
D:  Lwongo Cam i Otel
(Order for Food in a Restaurant)
Lok manyen
Imperatives    &
Subjunctives
Lok manyen
E: Yee/kwero cam iyo maber ka kilwongi ka cam.
(Accept/Decline politely invitations to food)
Lok manyen
The Negative
Culture  Note
Safety and Security Note
F: Pwoyo                               (Complimenting)
Lok manyen
Culture Note
Emphatics
Unit 4:  Wil                              (Shopping)
Communicative tasks:
HIV/AIDS:
Safety and Security:
Grammar:
Culture:
Learning to learn:
Lok manyen
Pwony nama magi:
Learn these numbers:
Conjunctions:
Nama.
Numbers.
B: Poro wel jami                                                                                (Comparing prices)
Lok manyen
Modified Verb Stem
Lok manyen
Safety and
	Security Note
Verb
"to have"
C:  Laro wel                           (Bargaining)
Lok manyen
Lok manyen
Far Past
Culture Note
D:  Penyo ki dwoko cente                           (Ask  for & Give back Change)
Lok manyen
Verb
“to be”
Lok manyen
E:  Pek pa jami ki lapim jami                            (Weights & Measures)
Lok manyen
“Whole”, “All” & “Any” Suffix.
F:  Jami ki jami ma tye i ot                                      (Request items & facilities in the House)
Lok manyen
Unit 5:  Waco cawa                          (Telling time)
Communicative tasks:
HIV/AIDS:
Safety and Security:
Grammar:
Culture:
Learning to learn:
A:  Waco cawa                        (Telling Time)
Lok anyen
Lok manyen
Lok manyen
Possessive particle 'of'
Lok manyen
Possessive adjectives
Culture Note
Safety and Security Note
B:  Nying nino me cabit                                     (Days of the week)
Lok manyen
C:  Dwe ki nino dwe
(Months and Dates)
Lok manyen
Ordinal Numbers
Adverbs
of
time
D:  Daily/free time activities
Lok manyen
Demonstratives
E:  Piny                                           (Weather)
Lok manyen
F: Tito jami ma otime cok coki                       (Describing recent past activities)
Lok anyen
Lok manyen
Immediate past tense.
(Today past)
G:  Make Plans for the Future (Near and Far)
Lok manyen
Near future tense.
Understanding LPI and using it to learn
What is LPI?
	How it is done
	What it shows
	What it doesn’t show
	Warning!!!
How you can use it to learn
Unit 6:  Community Integration
Communicative tasks:
HIV/AIDS:
Safety and Security:
Grammar:
Culture:
Learning to learn:
A:  Describing Educational background
Lok manyen
B:  Peace Corps obedo ngo?                              (What is Peace Corps?)
Lok manyen
Prepositions
C:  Lwongo, Yabbo ki loro kacoke.
(Calling, Opening and Closing Meetings).
Lok manyen
Culture Note
Safety and Security Note
Lok manyen
Lok manyen
E:  Managing a Conversation
Lok manyen
Conversational  Managers
Reported Speech
Prepositional Verbs
Lok manyen
Learning Plan
Unit 7:  Wot                            (Transport)
Communicative tasks:
HIV/AIDS:
Safety and Security:
Grammar:
Culture:
A:  Wot                                 (Transportation)
Lok manyen
Lok manyen
Culture Note
Lok anyen
Safety and Security Note
B: Nyuttu yoo                                       (Directions)
Lok manyen
Lok manyen
Adverbs
of
Place
C:  Tito pi kabedo moni ni                  (Describing a Location)
Lok manyen
D:  Safety Incidents
Lok manyen
Lok manyen
Safety and Security Note
Goyo oduru
Unit 8:  Nge komi                                    (Know your body)
Communicative tasks:
HIV/AIDS:
Safety and Security:
Grammar:
Culture:
A:  Dul kom                                (Body Parts)
Lok manyen
B:  Health, Physical and Mental Conditions
Lok manyen
Lok manyen
Phrases used to talk about one’s condition
The 'still' phrase.
Lok manyen
Lok manyen
Reflexive Verbs
Lok manyen
Culture Note
Reciprocals
Lok manyen
"If" Constructions
Relatives
Causatives
Static
Lok manyen
E:  Kit ma dano nen kede                          (Personal Appearance)
Lok Manyen
Lok manyen
Lok manyen
The 'Ever'and'Never'tense
Unit 9:  Gang                (Family)
Communicative tasks:
HIV/AIDS:
Culture:
Lok manyen
Culture Note
Lok manyen
Lok manyen
	Introduction
		What you will find here
		What you won’t find here
			SP
			Rules
			Note on Spelling
			What is the attitude of speakers of Acholi to learners?
			Where is Acholi spoken and who speaks it?
			What is the relationship of Acholi to other languages?
			Adverb
			Suffix
			Prefix
			Infix
			Conjunction
			Preposition
			Adjective
			Pronouns
			Imperative
			Passive
			Possessive
			Interrogative
			Subjunctive
			Syllable
			Noun Class
			Modified Stem
			Idiom
			LAcholi
Forming Words
	Verbs
		Subject prefix  preceeds verb stem but it doubles as tense marker as well:
		Negative precedes subject prefix and tense marker:
		Negative with modified stem
		Negative with infinitive marker
	Adjectives and Possessive Pronouns
Making a Sentence
	Basic Word Order
	Other “Sentence Makers”
		gi tic = tool
		The 'already' tense:
		The 'not yet' tense:
		The 'Ever' tense:
		The ‘Never’ Tense:
	Same as ‘Not Yet’ tense.
	The Negative
	The Imperative
	Verb 'to have'
	Interrogation
		The 'still’ :
Prepositions
Conjunctions
	Use of  ‘ki' or 'ka':
Pronunciation
	Sounds
		Consonants
			Same as  or Similar to English:
		Combinations of Consonants
		Vowels:
		Diphthongs (Combinations of Vowels):
	Tones:
Spelling
Frequently Asked Questions
English
Chinese
Dhopadhola
Lango
Alur
Kumam
Runyankore
Ateso
Lusoga
Luganda
Short Glossary of Grammar Terms
Asking for Suggestions and Offering Suggestions
Agreement and Disagreement
Appreciation
Asking For And Reporting Information
Asking for and Reporting Additional Information
Attracting Attention
Certainty - Uncertainty
Complaining (bako dog)
Compliments (medo kero)
Congratulations (miyo pwoc)
Deduction (moko tam ki ikom lok moni)
Accusing (doto)
Denying and Admitting (kwero ki yee gin moni)
Describing (Tito gin moni)
Directions and Location (kabedo ki kama odok iye)
Gratitude (pwoyo jami)
Greeting People (moto dano)
Indifference (bedo labongo paro gin mo)
Instructing (nyutu kit me timo gin moni)
Intention (tami me timo gin moni)
Introductions (nyutu gin atima)
Likes – Dislikes (gin ma imaro- gin ma pe imaro)
Offering to Help ( konyo dano)
Permission (Gamo Twero)
Persuading and Insisting (bito dano ki rido lok)
Promising (cike)
Remembering And Forgetting (poo wic ki wil wic)
Satisfaction/Dissatisfaction
Surprise and Disbelief
Sympathizing
Conversation Strategies Asking for Repetition
Checking and Indicating Understanding
Introductory Statements
Acholi Saying.
	This  -proximal
Adjectives
Adverbs
Conjunctions
Interjections
Interrogatives
Pronouns
	Nouns
	Verbs
English – Acholi
Modified Verb Stems
ADPED4A.tmp
	Slide Number 1
                        
Document Text Contents
Page 1

Acholi Language Manual

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Page 2

About the Language
Acholi belongs to the family of Luo languages. Acholi language is predominantly spoken in the
districts of Amuru, Gulu, Kitgum and Pader.

Acholi is a tonal language, though tones are not normally written. Hence two seemingly
identical words can actually mean different things depending on the tone of their vowels. Tone
is therefore important if such fluency is desired to reduce ambiguity to a minimum.

The people who speak Acholi are called Acholi (singular Acholi). These groups of people
occupy areas of northern part of Uganda.

Acholi has five sister languages in Uganda i.e Lango, Palwo, Alur, Kumam, Lango and
Dhopadhola. It is closest to Lango and Alur but even speakers of Palwo, Lango, Dhophadola
and Kumam can understand few words in Acholi and vice versa.

How to Use the Acholi Language Manual
This manual is not a teach yourself manual, rather it will be more helpful with the trainers’
assistance. The manual is specifically prepared for Peace Corps Volunteers. Therefore, lessons
are organized in a chronological order of a Peace Corps trainees’ needs especially as they go
through their Pre-Service Training.

There is a glossary at the end of the manual arranged in an alphabetical order. The glossary
comprises the vocabulary used in the manual. Having it both in English and Acholi will be
found very valuable by the learners.

The recorded activities on cassette tapes will help in comprehension as well.

The manual has a workbook which has very comprehensive practice activities. The workbook
has an answer section, thus making it more user friendly for the learner.

Enjoy your learning.

Apwoyo!

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Page 129

C: Two ma maro mako dano
(Common ailments)



Kwan ka igony ki leb munu.
Read and translate into English.

Comprehension

Jo ma igang pa Adonga kom gi lit! Dako pa Adonga twoyo malaria ka Adonga twoyo two abar

wic. Nyare Aciro twoyo two aburu, lyeto ki amwoda ic. Pe meno keken, two aona omako joma

icaro ka lworo tye ni two cado twero poto pien cilo dwong i caro man.


Lok manyen lit kom

malaria; lyeto

abar wic

aburu

amwoda yic

cado

bur

cilim

anyo / anyongo

aona

cado remo / ring ring

ill; sick

malaria; fever

headache

a cold (in the head)

stomach pain

diarrhoea

sore; wound

AIDS

measles

cough

dysentery.


Reflexive
Verbs



A verb is made a reflexive one by suffixing –e or -le to the verb
stem. It then conveys the idea of doing the action to oneself.
ngollo - ngolle kello - kelle
cut - cut oneself bring - bring oneself
nenno - nenne
look - look at oneself.
En maro ngollo lwet cinge.
She likes cutting (her) fingernails herself.
Nubibino kenwu.
You will bring yourselves (without help).

Neke
Killing oneself








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Page 130

Lok manyen Tero ka gwere

aburu

leny

lak

kwidi

twol

to take for immunization

influenza; flu

heartburn

teeth

worms

snakes.



Culture Note It is a sign of concern to check on someone who is sick. There is
nothing like "privacy" when one is sick.



Reciprocals



A verb is made a reciprocal by suffixing -e or –le to the verb
stem. It then conveys the idea of doing the action to oneself.
ngollo -ngolle kello - kelle
cut - cut oneself bring - bring oneself
nenno -nenne
look - look at oneself.
Maro ngollo lwet cinge.
She likes cutting (her) fingernails herself.
Ubi bino wun kenwu
You will bring yourselves (without help).
Neke kekeni
Killing oneself




Amongi: Itye nining Hildah?

Hildah: Atye maber.
Amongi: Pe itye ka nen maber, ngo marac

Hildah?

Hildah: Iya tye ka mwoda.
Amongi: Bin ateri bot ajwaka. Obi mini yat

Acholi matek ci ibi winyo maber.

Hildah: Ajwaka! Adagi. Atye ki yat ma
dakta ma tiyo bot jo me Peace
Corps omiya, acito ka mwonyo
ne.

Amongi: Ayaa do wek ateri i ot yat
Kitgum.

Hildah: Kur manok. Ka two omedde, abi
cito Kampala me nenno dakta wa
madit.

Amongi: Aya, kong kumeno.






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Page 258

Please Complete this Evaluation

This book is a result of a cooperation of many people who would like to continue improving
it for the next generation of PCVs. To help them do that, please, fill out this form and give
it to the Language Coordinator.

Usefulness of different activities

Please rate these aspects of the
manual

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useful

Useful Very
useful

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useful

Written exercises 1 2 3 4 5
Listening comprehension exercises 1 2 3 4 5
Explorer’s Diary 1 2 3 4 5
Reading comprehension 1 2 3 4 5
Dialogs 1 2 3 4 5
Proverbs and idioms 1 2 3 4 5
Homestay tasks 1 2 3 4 5
Culture notes 1 2 3 4 5
Grammar notes 1 2 3 4 5
“Learn on your own” advice 1 2 3 4 5
Grammar reference overviews 1 2 3 4 5
Glossary 1 2 3 4 5
Comments:





Format and Organisation:
Please rate these aspects of the
manual

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effective

Effective Very
effective

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effective

Sequence of topics 1 2 3 4 5
Organisation of units 1 2 3 4 5
Clarity of instructions 1 2 3 4 5
Clarity of Grammar explanations 1 2 3 4 5
Pictures 1 2 3 4 5

Language manual content

What information did you find most useful in the manual to help you learn Acholi?



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Other comments or suggestions







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