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                            Nova Southeastern University
Church Hurt: A Phenomenological Exploration of the Lived Experiences of Survivors
	Raquel Anderson
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Nova Southeastern University

Department of Conflict Resolution Studies Theses
and Dissertations

CAHSS Theses and Dissertations


Church Hurt: A Phenomenological Exploration of
the Lived Experiences of Survivors
Raquel Anderson
Nova Southeastern University, [email protected]

This document is a product of extensive research conducted at the Nova Southeastern University College of
Arts, Humanities, and Social Sciences. For more information on research and degree programs at the NSU
College of Arts, Humanities, and Social Sciences, please click here.

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This Dissertation is brought to you by the CAHSS Theses and Dissertations at NSUWorks. It has been accepted for inclusion in Department of Conflict
Resolution Studies Theses and Dissertations by an authorized administrator of NSUWorks. For more information, please contact [email protected]

NSUWorks Citation
Raquel Anderson. 2017. Church Hurt: A Phenomenological Exploration of the Lived Experiences of Survivors. Doctoral dissertation. Nova
Southeastern University. Retrieved from NSUWorks, College of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences – Department of Conflict
Resolution Studies. (78)
mailto:[email protected]

Page 82


Ugarizza, 2000, p.362). Clusters of themes are typically formed by grouping units by

meaning together, a method of analysis that encompasses a constant comparison and

contrasting (Aronson, 1994; Braun & Clarke, 2006; Leininger, 1985). The invariant

horizons, or meaning units, were assembled together to form core themes for the

respective respondents on the study. For illustrative and descriptive purposes, the process

of how invariant constituents were arrived organized and gathered to form a theme

Sense of Loss - for the same respondent (Deidra, Interviewee # 6) are presented below. A

similar process was carried out for the other respondents in the study.

Table 5

Clustering and Thematizing the Invariant Constituents.

Sense of Loss
Questioning of Spiritual faith
Emotional/Psychological distress
Betrayal of personal confidences
Controlling behaviors
Vindictive behavior
Negative interpersonal social situation
Sexual Harassment

As posited by Moustakas (1994), the next stage of the data analysis process-

Individual Textural Descriptions-involves the writing of individual textural descriptions

for each respondent, which is another way of suggesting that the researcher provide

examples from the original interview transcripts data to validate the particular theme(s)

earlier identified. This is carried out for the purpose of presenting the respective

ons of the phenomena under investigation, in this case, church hurt.

(1994) recommends that

ctive perceptions of

the phenomenon being studied. This was done for the fourteen (14) respondents. For

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illustrative purposes, the same respondent Deidra (Interviewee #6) is utilized to

demonstrate the data analysis process for how a specific theme, sense of loss was


Table 6

Individual Textural Description

But in this particular church the particular apostle that we call them he went by the title

Apostle even though he was the pastor of the church and so he invited me to come back

and so they would have church services every night of the week which was okay because

it's never too much to praise and worship but then there were times that I wasn't able to

make it to church because of work I had a family and a daughter and a husband who was

at sea so there were times that I could not make it to church and if I could not make it he

would actually call me or to have one of the deacons called me to tell me to come. And if

I didn't come then he would hold it against me in some kind of a way and sometimes he

would hold grudges or speak differently or even not speak to me. There were times that I

shared personal things with him and he brought them out before the church and I'm not

comfortable with some of the things that he would share about me before the church so

after being there for a while it made me think that maybe this wasn't the place for me to

be you know to be able to grow because it was so intense and there was so much going

on outside of the word of God.

The next stage in Moussakas (1994) process is referred to as the individual

structural description, which involves the researcher providing the previous

theme/quote/comments of the respective respondents. Put another way, Moustakas (1994)

quotes or their individual textural descriptions.

The subsequent step in the data analysis process is that of the provision of

Composite Structural Descriptions. Here, Moustakas (1994) explains that in forming

composite structural descriptions, the invariant meanings and themes of every respondent

are studied in depicting the group as a whole (pp.137-138). The step of composite

structural descriptions encompasses the same measures pertinent at the individual level,

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What will I be doing if I agree to be in the study?

If you agree to participate in this study, I will ask you to participate in a private interview

face to face, which I will record on a digital recorder. The questions will be geared

towards gaining information about your Church Hurt experience. You will be asked to

provide detailed feedback about your experiences in Church Hurt and your understanding

of the concept. This feedback may be positive, negative, or both. It is important to share

honest feedback in order to determine the factors that influence this process from your

unique point of view. Your participation is completely voluntary, and you have the right

to terminate the interview, and withdraw from the study at any point without penalty. The

interview will last between 30 to 60 minutes.

Is there any audio or video recording?
This research project will include audio recording of the interview. This audio recording

will be available to be heard by the researcher, Ms. Raquel Anderson, personnel from the

IRB, and the dissertation chair, Dr. McKay. The recording will be transcribed by Ms.

Raquel Anderson. Ms. Anderson will use earphones while transcribing the interviews to

locked cabinet. The recording will be kept for 36 months from the end of the study. The

recording will be destroyed after that time by deleting the recording. Because your voice

will be potentially identifiable by anyone who hears the recording, your confidentiality

for things you say on the recording cannot be guaranteed although the researcher will try

to limit access to the recording as described in this paragraph.

What are the dangers to me?

Risks to you are minimal, meaning they are not thought to be greater than other risks you

experience every day. Being recorded means that confidentiality cannot be promised.

Sharing your experience about Church Hurt may make you anxious or bring back

unhappy memories. If this happens Ms. Anderson will try to help you. If you need further

help, she will suggest someone you can see but you will have to pay for that yourself. If

you have questions about the research, your research rights, or if you experience an injury

because of the research please contact Ms. Anderson at (954) 822-2791. You may also

contact the IRB at the numbers indicated above with questions about your research rights.

Are there any benefits to me for taking part in this research study?

There are no benefits to you for participating.

Will I get paid for being in the study? Will it cost me anything?

There are no costs to you or payments made for participating in this study.

How will you keep my information private?

The transcripts of the recordings will not have any information that could be linked to

you. As mentioned, the recordings will be destroyed 36 months after the study ends. All

information obtained in this study is strictly confidential unless disclosure is required by

law. The IRB, regulatory agencies, or Dr. Mckay may review research records.

What if I do not want to participate or I want to leave the study?

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You have the right to leave this study at any time or refuse to participate. If you do decide

to leave or you decide not to participate, you will not experience any penalty or loss of

services you have a right to receive. If you choose to withdraw, any information

collected about you before the date you leave the study will be kept in the research

records for 36 months from the conclusion of the study and may be used as a part of the


Other Considerations:

If the researchers learn anything which might change your mind about being involved,

you will be told of this information.

Voluntary Consent by Participant

By signing below, you indicate that:

 this study has been explained to you
 you have read this document or it has been read to you
 your questions about this research study have been answered
 you have been told that you may ask the researchers any study related questions in

the future or contact them in the event of a research-related injury

 you have been told that you may ask Institutional Review Board (IRB) personnel
questions about your study rights

 you are entitled to a copy of this form after you have read and signed it you
voluntarily agree to participate in the study entitled Church Hurt: A
Phenomenological Exploration of the Lived Experiences of Survivors

Participant's Signature: ___________________________ Date: ________________

______________________________ Date: ________________

Signature of Person Obtaining Consent: _____________________________

Date: ___________________________

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