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TitleA phenomenological exploration into the lived experience of childfree women aged 45-55
Author
LanguageEnglish
File Size2.0 MB
Total Pages175
Table of Contents
                            Acknowledgements
Abstract
Statement of Authorship
Anonymisation and Transcript Notation
Terminology
Chapter 1 Introduction
Chapter 2 Literature Review
2.1 Psychoanalytic Perspectives
	2.1.1 Object Relations Theory
	2.1.2 Jung
	2.1.3 Erikson
2.2 Feminist Psychoanalysis
2.3 Maternal and Nurturing Instinct
2.4 Sociological and Psychological Theory
	2.4.1 Identity and Femininity of Childfree Women
	2.4.2 Perception of Childfree Women
2.5 Social Constructionist Theory
	2.5.1 Menopause
2.6 Existential Perspectives
	2.6.1 Being-in-the-world
	2.6.2 Authenticity
	2.6.3 Anxiety
Conclusion
Chapter 3      Methodology and Method
3.1 Methodology
	3.1.1 Why Qualitative?
	3.1.2 Why Phenomenology?
	3.1.3 Why Hermeneutic Phenomenology?
	3.1.4 Why Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA)?
	3.1.5 Alternative Methods
	3.1.6 Validity
	3.1.7 Limitations and critiques of IPA
3.2 Method
	3.2.1 Ethical Approval
	3.2.2 Participation Criteria
	3.2.3 Recruitment of Participants
	3.2.4 Data Collection
3.3 The Research
	3.3.1 The Pilot study
	3.3.2 The Participants
	3.3.3 Demographic Data
	3.3.4 Ethical Considerations
	3.3.5 Data Collection - The interviews
	3.3.6 Reflexivity
	3.3.7 Data Analysis and Writing up
Chapter 4  The Findings
4.1 The experience of childfreedom aged 45-55
	4.1.1 Current Feelings
	4.1.2 No Regret
	4.1.3 What is Missed
	4.1.4 Presence of Children in Life
	4.1.5 Self-concept
4.2. The experience of choosing childfreedom
	4.2.1 How Choice is Felt
	4.2.2 No Urge for Children
	4.2.3 Desire for Other Pursuits
	4.2.4 Choice and Relationships
	4.2.5 Feelings about Pregnancy
	4.2.6 Other Motivations
4.3. The Social World
	4.3.1 The Childfree Norm
	4.3.2 Negative Experiences
	4.3.3 Cultural Assumptions
4.4. Experience of the End of Fertility
	4.4.1 End of Fertility
	4.4.2 Menopause
4.5. The Future
	4.5.1 Perception of the Future
	4.5.2 Guarantee of Care
	4.5.3 Planning Ahead
	4.5.4 Legacy
Chapter 5  Discussion
5.1 The experience of childfreedom aged 45-55
	5.1.1 Current feelings
	5.1.2 The Search for Meaning
	5.1.3 Relationships with Children
	5.1.4 The Childfree Identity
5.2 Childfreedom through Time
	5.2.1 Changing Desires
	5.2.2 The Present
	5.2.3 Alex’s Case
	5.2.4 The Future
5.3 Choice
	5.3.1 Personal Dimension
	5.3.2 Physical Dimension
	5.3.3 Social Dimension
	5.3.4 Spiritual Dimension
5.4 The Social World
	5.4.1 The Childfree Norm
	5.4.2 Negative Experiences
Chapter 6 Concluding Remarks
6.1 Summary
6.2 Clinical Implications
6.3 Significance of the study
6.4 Critical Reflections
	6.4.1 Strengths and Limitations
	6.4.2 A further look at reflexivity
	6.4.3 Validity and Quality
6.5 Recommendations for future research
References
Appendix B  Participant Information Letter
Appendix C  Participant Consent Form
Appendix D  Participant Debriefing Letter
Appendix E  Question Schedule
Appendix F  Demographic Questionnaire
Appendix G  Example Analysis
Appendix H  Master Table of Emergent Themes
Appendix I  Transcript of Interview with Jane
                        
Document Text Contents
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