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Titlea needs assessment of persons suffering from schizophrenia in the mogoto village, zebediela
LanguageEnglish
File Size5.6 MB
Total Pages261
Document Text Contents
Page 1

A NEEDS ASSESSMENT OF PERSONS SUFFERING
FROM SCHIZOPHRENIA IN THE MOGOTO VILLAGE,

ZEBEDIELA DISTRICT

by

KEMANAMELA

submitted in accordance with the requirements

for the degree of

MASTER OF ARTS

m

Nursing Science

at the

UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH AFRICA

SUPERVISOR: MRS SP HA TTINGH

JOINT-SUPERVISOR: MRS MM VAN DER MERWE

February 2001

Page 2

Student number: 545-680-0

I declare that A NEEDS ASSESSMENT OF PERSONS SUFFERING FROM

SCHIZOPHRENIA IN THE MOGOTO VILLAGE, ZEBEDIELA DISTRICT is my own

work and that all the sources that I have used or quoted have been indicated and

acknowledged by means of complete references _

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s;l~~TURE
(KE MANAMELA)

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Page 130

114

The majority of the persons in this study suffering from schizophrenia did not have the

responsibility of looking after dependents as they themselves were dependent on family

members, friends and professionals for their care. Forty percent (40,0%) did have

dependents. In terms of their cultural beliefs even if a person was mentally ill, he or she

should have at least one dependent who would take care of him or her in future (Stuart &

Sundeen 1995:486).

The contributing factor for approximately forty-seven percent ( 46, 7'%; n=28) of the

respondents who did not have dependents might be that they also had problems in interacting

with persons of the opposite sex because of their mental condition, and they feared rejection

and failure in relationships. The other contributory factors could be a lack of motivation,

Joss of drive and interest, low self-esteem related to poor academic and social achievement

and unemployment (Stuart & Sundeen 1995:485).

Item AlO: Living arrangements (n=60)

The respondents were requested to indicate their living arrangements to establish the need

for accommodation. The results of this study indicated the importance of the family in this

culture with regard to the care of mentally ill family members. It also indicated the

dependency of persons suffering from schizophrenia on their family members. As indicated

in table 4.2 approximately forty-three percent (43,3%; n=26) of the respondents lived with

one or both parents or step-parents. Hatfield (1995:203) reported that sixty-five percent

( 65,0%) of persons suffering from schizophrenia lived with their families. It was therefore

important to assess family resources when assessing the needs of persons with schizophrenia.

Twenty percent of the respondents (20,0%; n=l2) lived with their spouses; approximately

eighteen percent (18,3'%; n=l l} lived alone; almost twelve percent (11, 7o/o; n=7) lived with

other relatives; approximately three percent (3,3%; n=2) did not know with whom they were

staying as they moved from one relative or friend to another; less than two percent (l,7%;

n=l) lived with non-relatives and less than two percent (l, 7%; n= l) lived with other friends.

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115

Item All: Income sources (n=60)

Table 4.3: Income sources (n=60)

Earnings 4 6,6

Disability benefits 44 73,3

Family 33 55,0

Friends 1 1, 7

Social security I 1,7

Respondents could give more than one answer to this question. Respondents were requested

to indicate their income source. Approximately seven percent (6,8%; n=5) of the

respondents were receiving earnings from different sources. No respondent indicated that

his or her sources of income were from interest earned or from income derived from rent or

dividends. Approximately seventy-five percent (74,6%; n=44) of the respondents indicated

that their source of income was from disability benefits; approximately fifty-six percent

(55,9%; n=33) respondents were receiving financial assistance from their family members

whilst approximately forty-four percent (44,1%;N=26) of the respondents were not. Less

than two percent ( 1, 7%; n= 1) of the respondents received financial assistance from a friend

and social security respectively. All the respondents, hundred percent (100,0%; n=60)

indicated that there was no financial assistance nor any income from workman's

compensation or from public assistance (see table 4.3).

Page 260

7 Vocational rehabilitation

Job placement

Work adjustment/vocational training

Pre-vocational counselling

Work evaluation

Job readiness

8 Education

9

Formal education

Informal education

Appropriate living arrangements

Own apartment

With parents

With relatives/friends

Group home

Half-way house

With spouse

Supervised cooperative apartment

Independent cooperative apartment

24

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10 Needs in order of priority

NB: Having responded to the above question, you are hereby requestion
to arrange the above needs in order of priority as you view them, for
example 6 ~ 1 etc

Medical care 1

Counselling 2

Leisure time activities 3

Financial support 4

Support to relatives 5

Activities of daily living 6

Vocational training 7

Education 8

Appropriate living arrangement 9

Thank you for participating in this study.

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