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TitleA Latin Grammar (1911)
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UNIVERSITY FUNDS

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l62 SYNTAX OF NOUNS {474-478

Closely connected with this is the use of the dative of participles to

indicate the point of vieiv: —
est urbe egressis tumulus, there is a hill as you come out of the city [for

those coming out); Aen. I,'] j:^.

474. Many verbs (e.g. consulo, metuo, prospicio) take either
the Accusative of Direct Object or the Dative of Reference,

according to the meaning.

475. The Dative of Reference is sometimes attached to nouns: —



aut coUo decus aut capiti, an ornament for the neck or head; Aen.' 10, 135.
tribuniciam potestatem, munimentum libertati, tribunician power, the

bulwark of liberty; Liv. 3, 37, S-

476. The Dative of Reference is sometimes used with interjections: —
ei mihi, ah me! Aen. 2, 274.
vae victis, woe to the conquered! Liv. 5, 48, g.

Dative of Separation

477. The Dative of Reference (denoting advantage or dis-
advantage) is often used with verbs of separation; with nouns

denoting things this construction is rare and is confined to
poetry: —

aureum ei detraxit amiculum, he took a golden mantle from him;

N. D. 3, 83.
hunc mihi timorem eripe, take this fear from me; Cat. i, 18.

fessos oculos furare labori, steal your weary eyes from toil; Aen. s,
845-

The verb intetdico, forbid, takes the dative of the person and the accusa-
tive or ablative of the thing, or the accusative of the person and the ablative

of the thing.

Ethical Dative

478. The dative of a personal pronoun is sometimes used
in expressions of emotion or surprise to indicate a slight degree

of interest in the statement as a whole; if of the second person

it serves merely to call attention. This is a form of the Dative

of Reference:



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479-4^2) DATIVE CASE 163

quid mihi Celsus agit, what is Celsus doing, I wonder; Hor. Epis. i,

3, 15-

at tibi repente venit ad me Caninius, but look, Caninius suddenly
came to me; Fam. 9, 2, i.

Dative of Possession

479. The dative is used with forms of sum to denote
the possessor: —

controversia milii fuit cum avunculo tuo, / had a debate with your
uncle; Fin. 3, 6.

est homini cum deo similitudo, man has a resemblance to God ;hegg.
I- 25.

The verbs absum and desum, ,be wanting, and supersum, survive, take
the Dative of Possession.

For the dative with the phrase nomen esse see 393.

Dative of Agent

480. The dative is sometimes used to denote the per-
son who has something to do or who has something done.

This is a development of the Dative of Possession. It is the
regular construction with the future passive participle, is com-
mon with the perfect passive participle and forms of the perfect
passive system, and is used rarely with other passive forms: —

Caesari omnia find tempore erant agenda, Caesar had everything to

do at once; B. G. 2, 20, i.

mihi res provisa est, / have the thing arranged; Verr. 4, pr.

neque cernitur ulli, he is not seen by any one' Aen. i, 440.

481.' To avoid ambiguity, the regular agent construction, the ablative
with ab, is sometimes used with the gerundive: as, ei ego a me referen-
dam gratiam non putem? should I not think that I ought to show my grati-
tude to him ? Plane. 78.

482. The datives with probor, be approved, and videor, seem, are in
origin Datives of Refereng^/^ed /,/ M/crosoft®

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