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TitleA Historical Analysis of the Intersection of Personal Belief, Industrial Philanthropy and Black
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                            Loyola University Chicago
Loyola eCommons
	2011
To Advance a Race: A Historical Analysis of the Intersection of Personal Belief, Industrial Philanthropy and Black Liberal Arts Higher Education in Fayette McKenzie's Presidency at Fisk University, 1915-1925
	Christopher Nicholson
		Recommended Citation
Possible Title: Resurrecting the Past, Constructing the Future
                        
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Page 1

Loyola University Chicago
Loyola eCommons

Dissertations Theses and Dissertations

2011

To Advance a Race: A Historical Analysis of the
Intersection of Personal Belief, Industrial
Philanthropy and Black Liberal Arts Higher
Education in Fayette McKenzie's Presidency at Fisk
University, 1915-1925
Christopher Nicholson
Loyola University Chicago

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Copyright © 2011 Christopher Nicholson

Recommended Citation
Nicholson, Christopher, "To Advance a Race: A Historical Analysis of the Intersection of Personal Belief, Industrial Philanthropy and
Black Liberal Arts Higher Education in Fayette McKenzie's Presidency at Fisk University, 1915-1925" (2011). Dissertations. Paper 153.
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Page 2

LOYOLA UNIVERSITY CHICAGO









TO ADVANCE A RACE:



A HISTORICAL ANALYSIS OF THE INTERSECTION OF PERSONAL BELIEF,



INDUSTRIAL PHILANTHROPY AND BLACK LIBERAL ARTS HIGHER







1915-1925









A DISSERTATION SUBMITTED TO



THE FACULTY OF THE GRADUATE SCHOOL



IN CANDIDACY FOR THE DEGREE OF



DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY







PROGRAM IN HIGHER EDUCATION









BY



CHRISTOPHER L. NICHOLSON



CHICAGO, IL



MAY 2011

Page 171

164



board candidates. The list of desirable qualifications for prospective board members

included a willingness to support Fisk financially, and an ability to access and influence

other men to help the University. Candidates also needed t

to Black higher education, although to the philanthropists and trustees genuine interest in

Black education mattered less than money and influence.

ion met with

little success. Many candidates were too busy with work and other commitments to carve

out additional time limited though it would be for another responsibility. Some felt

uncomfortable supporting Black higher education because they didn

concept, or they thought industrial training more appropriate education for Blacks, or

because they feared the social consequences of affiliating themselves with a Black

institution. With wealth and influence the most important attributes for prospective board

members, those who agreed to serve were often emotionally detached from the

University. Content to serve Fisk from the North usually through their contributions

and contacts they saw little need to visit Nashville and engage in the messy business of

Black liberal arts higher education.
120



campus frustrated McKenzie. He complained that few trustees came to Nashville for

board meetings, and instead attended trustee meetings in New York, if they attended at


120 Further information regarding recommendations for the board and correspondence between trustees

and prospective members may be found in the L. Hollingsworth Wood Papers, Haverford College Special

Collections, Haverford, PA, box 19. Hereafter cited as LHW Papers.

Page 172

165



and people.
121

Tr

progress, and sensitize board members to the unique environment in which Fisk operated.

Ella Sachs, daughter of Samuel Sachs, an influential New York banker, joined the board

in 1918, but had never visited the University. A year later, McKenzie told Hollingsworth

122


The lack of interest among the trustees led an observer to remark to McKenzie in 1918

123
The lack of trustee support also caught the attention of Julius

Rosen

which made a very unfavorable impression upon me was the lack of interest of the

Trustees. The president of the board had not been at the school in fifteen years and even

on so important an occasion as the installation of Dr. McKenzie there were very few of

124


The trustees engaged Abraham Flexner, Secretary of the General Education

Board, to assist with board recruitment efforts. In April 1917, Flexner sent a letter to

several prominent northern businessmen soliciting their interest in becoming a Fisk


121 McKenzie to Wood, 30 May 1918. LHW Papers, box 18, folder 5.


122 McKenzie to Wood, 26 September 1919, LHW Papers, box 18, folder 10. Ella Sachs was the first





123 William Graves to McKenzie, 20 May 1918, McKenzie Fisk Papers, box 14, folder 14. Graves was an

employee of the Julius Rosenwald Fund.



124 Rosenwald to Abraham Flexner, 15 January 1917, GEB Papers, series 1.1, box 138, folder 1273.

Page 342

334



Woodward, C. Vann. Origins of the New South 1877-1913. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State
University Press, 1951.



Harvard Educational Review, 30
(1960), 280-297.



-

Twenty Years, 1911- Historian 65 no. 2 (2002): 319-352.

Page 343

335



VITA

Chris Nicholson was born in Dearborn, Michigan and grew up in Kalamazoo,

Michigan. He earned a Bachelor of Arts in Business Administration and Marketing at

North Park College in 1993, and received a Master of Business Administration from

North Park in 1995.

Chris has worked in higher education since 1993 in a variety of roles in

enrollment management and marketing. He has served on multiple committees

overseeing faculty and staff hiring, curriculum development and revision, accreditation,

and diversity initiatives. Chris is a frequent presenter on topics related to enrollment

management and marketing, and is a former associate consultant with Noel-Levitz, Inc.

Currently, Chris is Director of Admissions for Graduate and Continuing

Education at North Park University, where he oversees student recruitment and marketing

for 10 degree programs and 21 adult continuing education programs. He is also an

a position he has held since 2000.

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