Download 100 Biblical Arguments Against Sola Scriptura - Dave Armstrong PDF

Title100 Biblical Arguments Against Sola Scriptura - Dave Armstrong
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Table of Contents
                            Introduction
I. Biblical and Apostolic Tradition Contrasted with the False and Corrupt Traditions of Men
1. The Bible contains much information on Sacred Tradition
2. In the Bible, good (apostolic) Tradition is contrasted with bad traditions of men
3. Peter exercises apostolic authority in Acts 2
4. The Bible explicitly teaches about a true and unchangeable apostolic Tradition
5. Tradition is an inevitable reality for all Christians
6. “Not in the Bible” doesn’t mean “anti-biblical”
7. Covenants and Sacred Tradition are perpetually binding
8. Apostolic Tradition is in harmony with Scripture
9. Authoritative interpretation of the Law was required in ancient Israel
10. In Scripture, the infallible nature of Pauline tradition is taken for granted
11. “Commandment” and “command” are synonyms for Tradition
12. Pauline tradition was shared with and by other apostles
II. Oral and Deuterocanonical Tradition
13. The New Testament cites traditions that are not spelled out in the Old Testament
14. The informal discussions of Jesus and the apostles are dynamically and organically related to Tradition and Scripture
15. The Bible never says that oral tradition would cease
16. The New Testament frequently cites Deuterocanonical books
17. Competing schools in Judaism are analogous to denominations in Protestantism
18. Divine prophetic truth is always present alongside written Scripture
19. Inscripturation is not the final determinant of binding truthfulness
20. Oral tradition is wider in scope than Scripture
21. Authoritative oral tradition appears frequently in the New Testament
III.Continuing Christian Adherence to Jewish (Pharisaical) Tradition and Mosaic Law
22. Jesus doesn’t overturn or reject the Mosaic Law
23. Jesus sanctions the extra-biblical tradition of “Moses’ Seat”
24. Paul identifies himself as a Pharisee after his conversion, signifying a link to Jewish tradition
25. Paul worships at synagogues
26. Paul acknowledges the authority of the Jewish high priest Ananias
27. Jesus participates in the Old Testament sacrificial system
28. Jesus followed pharisaical traditions
29. Christians call Jews “brethren” and “fathers”
30. The Galatians were even bigger hypocrites than the Pharisees
31. Caiaphas the high priest “prophesied”
32. Christianity adopted late pharisaical traditions and doctrines
33. The Sadducees were the “liberals” and sola scriptura advocates of their time
34. Christians continued temple worship and participation in sacrifices
35. Ancient Judaism is analogous to and was developed by Catholicism, not Protestantism
IV.Prophecy and Proclamation: “Word of God” and “Word of the Lord”
36. “Word of the Lord” and “Word of God” are not usually references to Scripture
37. Oral prophecy was an ongoing New Testament charism
38. Tradition and Scripture both derive from the larger category of “word of God”
39. In his epistles to the Thessalonians, Paul frequently references tradition but rarely alludes to Scripture
V. The Alleged Perspicuity of Scripture and the Necessity of Authoritative Interpretation
40. Minimalistic Christianity is not the biblical norm
41. The historical wisdom of the Church is a better interpreter of Scripture than any individual or denomination
42. False assumptions can lead biblical exegetes astray, but the Church is a sure guide
43. The Bible itself teaches that it can be misinterpreted
44. Perspicuity and denominationalism are at odds
45. Protestantism is radically contradictory in how it harmonizes and systematizes “plain” Scripture
46. The Bible teaches that biblical interpretation is necessary
47. Jesus reveals hard Bible truths to the disciples at Emmaus
48. Sincere study alone does not guarantee correct interpretation of Scripture
49. Sola scriptura means it’s always the other guy’s problem
50. The Bible never lists its “essential” teachings
51. The Bible asserts that its teachings have to be “opened”
52. Some things in the Gospels are difficult to understand: John 6, for example
53. In the Old Covenant, authoritative teaching authority was constantly exercised
VI. General or Miscellaneous Arguments Relating to Sola Scriptura
54. The Bible never teaches that oral tradition would cease and sola scriptura become the new rule of faith
55. The very nature of sola scriptura requires it to be explicitly found in the Bible itself
56. Scripture alone may be sufficient for many doctrines, but not all
57. The Trinity was an early test case for Tradition versus sola scriptura
58. Church and Scripture are not a zero-sum game
59. In Ephesians 4, Paul shows no awareness of a sola scriptura rule of faith
60. Paul uses Tradition and Church motifs more often than “Scripture” and “word of God”
VII. New Testament Evidence for a Hierarchical, Visible Church with Strong Authority
61. The Church can “bind and loose”
62. The Bible presents a universal, visible, and hierarchical Church
63. Anathema and excommunication are biblical concepts
64. Scripture has problematic areas to work through, too
65. Jesus’ mention of “sheep and shepherd” does not imply an invisible Church
66. Authority has to have “teeth”
67. According to Scripture, the bishop’s role is distinct and important
VIII. Biblical Indications of Apostolic Succession
68. Paul passed on his office to Timothy
69. The Bible explicitly demonstrates apostolic succession
70. Neither Scripture nor the Church Fathers rule out Tradition or apostolic succession
71. The Catholic “epistemology of authority” is a combination of faith, history, and reason
IX. The Jerusalem Council and Its Implications for Subsequent Catholic Ecclesiology
72. Participants at the Jerusalem Council, guided by the Holy Spirit, asserted a binding authority
73. The Jerusalem Council made binding decisions with no great reliance on Scripture
74. Paul’s apostolic calling was subordinated to Peter’s authority and the larger Church
X. Biblical Analogies for an Infallible Church
75. Old Testament Levites were granted the gift of special protection from error
76. Prophets exercised binding teaching authority and possessed virtual infallibility
77. Prophets proclaimed the inspired “word of the Lord”
78. God uses fallible men to perform infallible works
79. God is able to preserve both Bible and Church from error
80. Messy deliberations and other difficulties do not disprove the infallibility of councils
81. Biblical truth and Tradition are much larger than just the gospel message
82. 1 Timothy 3:15 proves the infallibility of the Catholic Church
83. The Church is indefectible, because Jesus is its foundation and because God dwells in his “temple”15
XI. The Biblical Prohibition of Denominationalism, Theological Relativism, and Indifferentism
84. Protestant sectarianism contradicts biblical requirements of doctrinal agreement
85. Protestantism’s resignation to uncertainty leads to theological relativism
86. The Bible assumes one truth, not different levels of truth
XII. Counter-Arguments Against Alleged Sola Scriptura Prooftexts
87. Deuteronomy 6:6-9: “These words which I command you”
88. Psalms 119:159-160: “Thy word is truth”
89. Proverbs 30:5-6: “Every word of God proves true”
90. Isaiah 40:8: God’s word “will stand forever”
91. Matthew 24:35: “My words will not pass away”
92. John 20:30-31: “These are written that you may believe”
93. Acts 15:15: “The words of the prophets agree”
94. Galatians 1:8-9: “A gospel contrary to that which you received”
95. 2 Timothy 3:15-17: “All scripture is inspired by God”
96. James 1:18: “The word of truth”
97. 1 Peter 1:23: “The living and abiding word of God”
98. 2 Peter 3:15-16: Paul’s letters described by Peter as Scripture
99. 1 John 2:27: “No need that anyone should teach you”
100. Revelation 22:18-19: Adding words to the book is forbidden
Conclusion
Endnotes
                        

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